Genomic analysis of 6,000-year-old cultivated grain illuminates the domestication history of barley View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-09

AUTHORS

Martin Mascher, Verena J Schuenemann, Uri Davidovich, Nimrod Marom, Axel Himmelbach, Sariel Hübner, Abraham Korol, Michal David, Ella Reiter, Simone Riehl, Mona Schreiber, Samuel H Vohr, Richard E Green, Ian K Dawson, Joanne Russell, Benjamin Kilian, Gary J Muehlbauer, Robbie Waugh, Tzion Fahima, Johannes Krause, Ehud Weiss, Nils Stein

ABSTRACT

The cereal grass barley was domesticated about 10,000 years before the present in the Fertile Crescent and became a founder crop of Neolithic agriculture. Here we report the genome sequences of five 6,000-year-old barley grains excavated at a cave in the Judean Desert close to the Dead Sea. Comparison to whole-exome sequence data from a diversity panel of present-day barley accessions showed the close affinity of ancient samples to extant landraces from the Southern Levant and Egypt, consistent with a proposed origin of domesticated barley in the Upper Jordan Valley. Our findings suggest that barley landraces grown in present-day Israel have not experienced major lineage turnover over the past six millennia, although there is evidence for gene flow between cultivated and sympatric wild populations. We demonstrate the usefulness of ancient genomes from desiccated archaeobotanical remains in informing research into the origin, early domestication and subsequent migration of crop species. More... »

PAGES

1089-1093

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ng.3611

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.3611

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051919553

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27428749


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    449 schema:name Martin (Szusz) Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
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    463 Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
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    466 schema:name Institute for Archaeological Sciences, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
    467 Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany.
    468 Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Paleoenvironment, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
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    474 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9619.7 schema:alternateName Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    475 schema:name Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.
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