Silicon carbide-free graphene growth on silicon for lithium-ion battery with high volumetric energy density View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

In Hyuk Son, Jong Hwan Park, Soonchul Kwon, Seongyong Park, Mark H. Rümmeli, Alicja Bachmatiuk, Hyun Jae Song, Junhwan Ku, Jang Wook Choi, Jae-man Choi, Seok-Gwang Doo, Hyuk Chang

ABSTRACT

Silicon is receiving discernable attention as an active material for next generation lithium-ion battery anodes because of its unparalleled gravimetric capacity. However, the large volume change of silicon over charge-discharge cycles weakens its competitiveness in the volumetric energy density and cycle life. Here we report direct graphene growth over silicon nanoparticles without silicon carbide formation. The graphene layers anchored onto the silicon surface accommodate the volume expansion of silicon via a sliding process between adjacent graphene layers. When paired with a commercial lithium cobalt oxide cathode, the silicon carbide-free graphene coating allows the full cell to reach volumetric energy densities of 972 and 700 Wh l(-1) at first and 200th cycle, respectively, 1.8 and 1.5 times higher than those of current commercial lithium-ion batteries. This observation suggests that two-dimensional layered structure of graphene and its silicon carbide-free integration with silicon can serve as a prototype in advancing silicon anodes to commercially viable technology. More... »

PAGES

7393

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms8393

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8393

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020474916

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26109057


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