Causal factors for seismicity near Azle, Texas View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-04-21

AUTHORS

Matthew J. Hornbach, Heather R. DeShon, William L. Ellsworth, Brian W. Stump, Chris Hayward, Cliff Frohlich, Harrison R. Oldham, Jon E. Olson, M. Beatrice Magnani, Casey Brokaw, James H. Luetgert

ABSTRACT

In November 2013, a series of earthquakes began along a mapped ancient fault system near Azle, Texas. Here we assess whether it is plausible that human activity caused these earthquakes. Analysis of both lake and groundwater variations near Azle shows that no significant stress changes were associated with the shallow water table before or during the earthquake sequence. In contrast, pore-pressure models demonstrate that a combination of brine production and wastewater injection near the fault generated subsurface pressures sufficient to induce earthquakes on near-critically stressed faults. On the basis of modelling results and the absence of historical earthquakes near Azle, brine production combined with wastewater disposal represent the most likely cause of recent seismicity near Azle. For assessing the earthquake cause, our research underscores the necessity of monitoring subsurface wastewater formation pressures and monitoring earthquakes having magnitudes of ∼M2 and greater. Currently, monitoring at these levels is not standard across Texas or the United States. More... »

PAGES

6728

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms7728

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7728

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038330405

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25898170


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