Potential climate engineering effectiveness and side effects during a high carbon dioxide-emission scenario View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-12

AUTHORS

David P. Keller, Ellias Y. Feng, Andreas Oschlies

ABSTRACT

The realization that mitigation efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions have, until now, been relatively ineffective has led to an increasing interest in climate engineering as a possible means of preventing the potentially catastrophic consequences of climate change. While many studies have addressed the potential effectiveness of individual methods there have been few attempts to compare them. Here we use an Earth system model to compare the effectiveness and side effects of afforestation, artificial ocean upwelling, ocean iron fertilization, ocean alkalinization and solar radiation management during a high carbon dioxide-emission scenario. We find that even when applied continuously and at scales as large as currently deemed possible, all methods are, individually, either relatively ineffective with limited (<8%) warming reductions, or they have potentially severe side effects and cannot be stopped without causing rapid climate change. Our simulations suggest that the potential for these types of climate engineering to make up for failed mitigation may be very limited. More... »

PAGES

3304

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms4304

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4304

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015202258

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24569320


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