Quantum mechanical which-way experiment with an internal degree of freedom View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Konrad Banaszek, Paweł Horodecki, Michał Karpiński, Czesław Radzewicz

ABSTRACT

For a particle travelling through an interferometer, the trade-off between the available which-way information and the interference visibility provides a lucid manifestation of the quantum mechanical wave-particle duality. Here we analyse this relation for a particle possessing an internal degree of freedom such as spin. We quantify the trade-off with a general inequality that paints an unexpectedly intricate picture of wave-particle duality when internal states are involved. Strikingly, in some instances which-way information becomes erased by introducing classical uncertainty in the internal degree of freedom. Furthermore, even imperfect interference visibility measured for a suitable set of spin preparations can be sufficient to infer absence of which-way information. General results are illustrated with a proof-of-principle single-photon experiment. More... »

PAGES

2594

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms3594

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3594

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000588937

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24161992


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