A nanostructured cathode architecture for low charge overpotential in lithium-oxygen batteries View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Jun Lu, Yu Lei, Kah Chun Lau, Xiangyi Luo, Peng Du, Jianguo Wen, Rajeev S. Assary, Ujjal Das, Dean J. Miller, Jeffrey W. Elam, Hassan M. Albishri, D Abd El-Hady, Yang-Kook Sun, Larry A. Curtiss, Khalil Amine

ABSTRACT

The lithium-oxygen battery, of much interest because of its very high-energy density, presents many challenges, one of which is a high-charge overpotential that results in large inefficiencies. Here we report a cathode architecture based on nanoscale components that results in a dramatic reduction in charge overpotential to ~0.2 V. The cathode utilizes atomic layer deposition of palladium nanoparticles on a carbon surface with an alumina coating for passivation of carbon defect sites. The low charge potential is enabled by the combination of palladium nanoparticles attached to the carbon cathode surface, a nanocrystalline form of lithium peroxide with grain boundaries, and the alumina coating preventing electrolyte decomposition on carbon. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy provides evidence for the nanocrystalline form of lithium peroxide. The new cathode material architecture provides the basis for future development of lithium-oxygen cathode materials that can be used to improve the efficiency and to extend cycle life. More... »

PAGES

2383

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms3383

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3383

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040320141

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23986151


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