Topological defect formation and spontaneous symmetry breaking in ion Coulomb crystals View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

K. Pyka, J. Keller, H. L. Partner, R. Nigmatullin, T. Burgermeister, D. M. Meier, K. Kuhlmann, A Retzker, M. B. Plenio, W. H. Zurek, A. del Campo, T. E. Mehlstäubler

ABSTRACT

Symmetry breaking phase transitions play an important role in nature. When a system traverses such a transition at a finite rate, its causally disconnected regions choose the new broken symmetry state independently. Where such local choices are incompatible, topological defects can form. The Kibble-Zurek mechanism predicts the defect densities to follow a power law that scales with the rate of the transition. Owing to its ubiquitous nature, this theory finds application in a wide field of systems ranging from cosmology to condensed matter. Here we present the successful creation of defects in ion Coulomb crystals by a controlled quench of the confining potential, and observe an enhanced power law scaling in accordance with numerical simulations and recent predictions. This simple system with well-defined critical exponents opens up ways to investigate the physics of non-equilibrium dynamics from the classical to the quantum regime. More... »

PAGES

2291

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms3291

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms3291

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048863721

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23921564


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