Direct atomic-scale confirmation of three-phase storage mechanism in Li4Ti5O12 anodes for room-temperature sodium-ion batteries View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Yang Sun, Liang Zhao, Huilin Pan, Xia Lu, Lin Gu, Yong-Sheng Hu, Hong Li, Michel Armand, Yuichi Ikuhara, Liquan Chen, Xuejie Huang

ABSTRACT

Room-temperature sodium-ion batteries attract increasing attention for large-scale energy storage applications in renewable energy and smart grid. However, the development of suitable anode materials remains a challenging issue. Here we demonstrate that the spinel Li4Ti5O12, well-known as a 'zero-strain' anode for lithium-ion batteries, can also store sodium, displaying an average storage voltage of 0.91 V. With an appropriate binder, the Li4Ti5O12 electrode delivers a reversible capacity of 155 mAh g(-1) and presents the best cyclability among all reported oxide-based anode materials. Density functional theory calculations predict a three-phase separation mechanism, 2Li4Ti5O12+6Na(+)+6e(-)↔Li7Ti5O12+Na6LiTi5O12, which has been confirmed through in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction and advanced scanning transmission electron microscope imaging techniques. The three-phase separation reaction has never been seen in any insertion electrode materials for lithium- or sodium-ion batteries. Furthermore, interfacial structure is clearly resolved at an atomic scale in electrochemically sodiated Li4Ti5O12 for the first time via the advanced electron microscopy. More... »

PAGES

1870

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms2878

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2878

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037180504

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23695664


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