Dehydration-driven stress transfer triggers intermediate-depth earthquakes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-15

AUTHORS

Thomas P Ferrand, Nadège Hilairet, Sarah Incel, Damien Deldicque, Loïc Labrousse, Julien Gasc, Joerg Renner, Yanbin Wang, Harry W Green Ii, Alexandre Schubnel

ABSTRACT

Intermediate-depth earthquakes (30-300 km) have been extensively documented within subducting oceanic slabs, but their mechanics remains enigmatic. Here we decipher the mechanism of these earthquakes by performing deformation experiments on dehydrating serpentinized peridotites (synthetic antigorite-olivine aggregates, minerals representative of subduction zones lithologies) at upper mantle conditions. At a pressure of 1.1 gigapascals, dehydration of deforming samples containing only 5 vol% of antigorite suffices to trigger acoustic emissions, a laboratory-scale analogue of earthquakes. At 3.5 gigapascals, acoustic emissions are recorded from samples with up to 50 vol% of antigorite. Experimentally produced faults, observed post-mortem, are sealed by fluid-bearing micro-pseudotachylytes. Microstructural observations demonstrate that antigorite dehydration triggered dynamic shear failure of the olivine load-bearing network. These laboratory analogues of intermediate-depth earthquakes demonstrate that little dehydration is required to trigger embrittlement. We propose an alternative model to dehydration-embrittlement in which dehydration-driven stress transfer, rather than fluid overpressure, causes embrittlement. More... »

PAGES

15247

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms15247

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15247

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085410448

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28504263


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

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curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms15247'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms15247'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms15247'


 

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