Discovery of lost diversity of paternal horse lineages using ancient DNA View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-09

AUTHORS

Sebastian Lippold, Michael Knapp, Tatyana Kuznetsova, Jennifer A. Leonard, Norbert Benecke, Arne Ludwig, Morten Rasmussen, Alan Cooper, Jaco Weinstock, Eske Willerslev, Beth Shapiro, Michael Hofreiter

ABSTRACT

Modern domestic horses display abundant genetic diversity within female-inherited mitochondrial DNA, but practically no sequence diversity on the male-inherited Y chromosome. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain this discrepancy, but can only be tested through knowledge of the diversity in both the ancestral (pre-domestication) maternal and paternal lineages. As wild horses are practically extinct, ancient DNA studies offer the only means to assess this ancestral diversity. Here we show considerable ancestral diversity in ancient male horses by sequencing 4 kb of Y chromosomal DNA from eight ancient wild horses and one 2,800-year-old domesticated horse. Both ancient and modern domestic horses form a separate branch from the ancient wild horses, with the Przewalski horse at its base. Our methodology establishes the feasibility of re-sequencing long ancient nuclear DNA fragments and demonstrates the power of ancient Y chromosome DNA sequence data to provide insights into the evolutionary history of populations. More... »

PAGES

450

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms1447

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1447

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005134815

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21863017


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