Environmental variation and the evolution of large brains in birds View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-12-22

AUTHORS

Ferran Sayol, Joan Maspons, Oriol Lapiedra, Andrew N Iwaniuk, Tamás Székely, Daniel Sol

ABSTRACT

Environmental variability has long been postulated as a major selective force in the evolution of large brains. However, assembling evidence for this hypothesis has proved difficult. Here, by combining brain size information for over 1,200 bird species with remote-sensing analyses to estimate temporal variation in ecosystem productivity, we show that larger brains (relative to body size) are more likely to occur in species exposed to larger environmental variation throughout their geographic range. Our reconstructions of evolutionary trajectories are consistent with the hypothesis that larger brains (relative to body size) evolved when the species invaded more seasonal regions. However, the alternative-that the species already possessed larger brains when they invaded more seasonal regions-cannot be completely ruled out. Regardless of the exact mechanism, our findings provide strong empirical support for the association between large brains and environmental variability. More... »

PAGES

13971

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms13971

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms13971

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038997894

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28004733


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