The feeder system of the Toba supervolcano from the slab to the shallow reservoir View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-07-19

AUTHORS

Ivan Koulakov, Ekaterina Kasatkina, Nikolai M. Shapiro, Claude Jaupart, Alexander Vasilevsky, Sami El Khrepy, Nassir Al-Arifi, Sergey Smirnov

ABSTRACT

The Toba Caldera has been the site of several large explosive eruptions in the recent geological past, including the world's largest Pleistocene eruption 74,000 years ago. The major cause of this particular behaviour may be the subduction of the fluid-rich Investigator Fracture Zone directly beneath the continental crust of Sumatra and possible tear of the slab. Here we show a new seismic tomography model, which clearly reveals a complex multilevel plumbing system beneath Toba. Large amounts of volatiles originate in the subducting slab at a depth of ∼150 km, migrate upward and cause active melting in the mantle wedge. The volatile-rich basic magmas accumulate at the base of the crust in a ∼50,000 km(3) reservoir. The overheated volatiles continue ascending through the crust and cause melting of the upper crust rocks. This leads to the formation of a shallow crustal reservoir that is directly responsible for the supereruptions. More... »

PAGES

12228

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms12228

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12228

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031457033

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27433784


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193 schema:name Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS, Prospekt Koptyuga, 3, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
194 Tomsk State University, 36 Lenin Avenue, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
195 rdf:type schema:Organization
196 grid-institutes:grid.9489.c schema:alternateName Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS (UMR 7154), 1 rue Jussieu, 75238 Paris, Cedex 5, France
197 schema:name Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS (UMR 7154), 1 rue Jussieu, 75238 Paris, Cedex 5, France
198 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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