Diversity, structure and convergent evolution of the global sponge microbiome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-06-16

AUTHORS

Torsten Thomas, Lucas Moitinho-Silva, Miguel Lurgi, Johannes R. Björk, Cole Easson, Carmen Astudillo-García, Julie B. Olson, Patrick M. Erwin, Susanna López-Legentil, Heidi Luter, Andia Chaves-Fonnegra, Rodrigo Costa, Peter J. Schupp, Laura Steindler, Dirk Erpenbeck, Jack Gilbert, Rob Knight, Gail Ackermann, Jose Victor Lopez, Michael W. Taylor, Robert W. Thacker, Jose M. Montoya, Ute Hentschel, Nicole S. Webster

ABSTRACT

Sponges (phylum Porifera) are early-diverging metazoa renowned for establishing complex microbial symbioses. Here we present a global Porifera microbiome survey, set out to establish the ecological and evolutionary drivers of these host–microbe interactions. We show that sponges are a reservoir of exceptional microbial diversity and major contributors to the total microbial diversity of the world’s oceans. Little commonality in species composition or structure is evident across the phylum, although symbiont communities are characterized by specialists and generalists rather than opportunists. Core sponge microbiomes are stable and characterized by generalist symbionts exhibiting amensal and/or commensal interactions. Symbionts that are phylogenetically unique to sponges do not disproportionally contribute to the core microbiome, and host phylogeny impacts complexity rather than composition of the symbiont community. Our findings support a model of independent assembly and evolution in symbiont communities across the entire host phylum, with convergent forces resulting in analogous community organization and interactions. More... »

PAGES

11870

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature Communications

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    7

    Author Affiliations

  • School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Centre for Marine Bio-Innovation and School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, 2052, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • The Environment Institute and School of Biological Sciences, University of Adelaide, 5005, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • Institute of Marine Sciences, CSIC, 08003, Barcelona, Spain
  • Department of Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35487, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
  • School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, 1010, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, 35487, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
  • Department of Biology and Marine Biology, and Center for Marine Science. University of North Carolina Wilmington, 5600 Marvin K. Moss Lane, 28409, Wilmington, North Carolina, USA
  • NAMRA and the Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods, Charles Darwin University, 0810, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Halmos College of Natural Sciences and Oceanography, Guy Harvey Oceanographic Center, Nova Southeastern University, 33004, Dania Beach, Florida, USA
  • Microbial Ecology and Evolution Research Group, Centre of Marine Sciences, Algarve University, 8005-139, Faro, Portugal
  • Institute of Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, ICBM, University of Oldenburg, 26111, Oldenburg, Germany
  • Department of Marine Biology, Leon Charney School of Marine Sciences, University of Haifa, 3498838, Haifa, Israel
  • Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences and GeoBio-CenterLMU, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, 80539, Munich, Germany
  • Argonne National Laboratory, 60439, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • Departments of Pediatrics and Computer Science and Engineering and Center for Microbiome Innovation, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 92093, La Jolla, California, USA
  • Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, 11794, Stony Brook, New York, USA
  • Ecological Networks and Global Change Group, Experimental and Theoretical Ecology Station, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 09200, Moulis, France
  • GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, 24105, Kiel, Germany
  • Australian Institute of Marine Science, 4816, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms11870

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11870

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016982186

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27306690


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