Follicular regulatory T cells can be specific for the immunizing antigen and derive from naive T cells View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-01-28

AUTHORS

Meryem Aloulou, Edward J. Carr, Mylène Gador, Alexandre Bignon, Roland S. Liblau, Nicolas Fazilleau, Michelle A. Linterman

ABSTRACT

T follicular regulatory (Tfr) cells are a subset of Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells that form in response to immunization or infection, which localize to the germinal centre where they control the magnitude of the response. Despite an increased interest in the role of Tfr cells in humoral immunity, many fundamental aspects of their biology remain unknown, including whether they recognize self- or foreign antigen. Here we show that Tfr cells can be specific for the immunizing antigen, irrespective of whether it is a self- or foreign antigen. We show that, in addition to developing from thymic derived Treg cells, Tfr cells can also arise from Foxp3(-) precursors in a PD-L1-dependent manner, if the adjuvant used is one that supports T-cell plasticity. These findings have important implications for Tfr cell biology and for improving vaccine efficacy by formulating vaccines that modify the Tfr:Tfh cell ratio. More... »

PAGES

10579

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ncomms10579

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10579

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037495431

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26818004


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44 schema:description T follicular regulatory (Tfr) cells are a subset of Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells that form in response to immunization or infection, which localize to the germinal centre where they control the magnitude of the response. Despite an increased interest in the role of Tfr cells in humoral immunity, many fundamental aspects of their biology remain unknown, including whether they recognize self- or foreign antigen. Here we show that Tfr cells can be specific for the immunizing antigen, irrespective of whether it is a self- or foreign antigen. We show that, in addition to developing from thymic derived Treg cells, Tfr cells can also arise from Foxp3(-) precursors in a PD-L1-dependent manner, if the adjuvant used is one that supports T-cell plasticity. These findings have important implications for Tfr cell biology and for improving vaccine efficacy by formulating vaccines that modify the Tfr:Tfh cell ratio.
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