Quantifying underestimates of long-term upper-ocean warming View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-11

AUTHORS

Paul J. Durack, Peter J. Gleckler, Felix W. Landerer, Karl E. Taylor

ABSTRACT

The global ocean stores more than 90% of the heat associated with observed greenhouse-gas-attributed global warming1,2,3,4. Using satellite altimetry observations and a large suite of climate models, we conclude that observed estimates of 0–700 dbar global ocean warming since 1970 are likely biased low. This underestimation is attributed to poor sampling of the Southern Hemisphere, and limitations of the analysis methods that conservatively estimate temperature changes in data-sparse regions5,6,7. We find that the partitioning of northern and southern hemispheric simulated sea surface height changes are consistent with precise altimeter observations, whereas the hemispheric partitioning of simulated upper-ocean warming is inconsistent with observed in-situ-based ocean heat content estimates. Relying on the close correspondence between hemispheric-scale ocean heat content and steric changes, we adjust the poorly constrained Southern Hemisphere observed warming estimates so that hemispheric ratios are consistent with the broad range of modelled results. These adjustments yield large increases (2.2–7.1 × 1022 J 35 yr−1) to current global upper-ocean heat content change estimates, and have important implications for sea level, the planetary energy budget and climate sensitivity assessments. More... »

PAGES

999-1005

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nclimate2389

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2389

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018784141


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