Brevetoxicosis: Red tides and marine mammal mortalities View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2005-06

AUTHORS

Leanne J. Flewelling, Jerome P. Naar, Jay P. Abbott, Daniel G. Baden, Nélio B. Barros, Gregory D. Bossart, Marie-Yasmine D. Bottein, Daniel G. Hammond, Elsa M. Haubold, Cynthia A. Heil, Michael S. Henry, Henry M. Jacocks, Tod A. Leighfield, Richard H. Pierce, Thomas D. Pitchford, Sentiel A. Rommel, Paula S. Scott, Karen A. Steidinger, Earnest W. Truby, Frances M. Van Dolah, Jan H. Landsberg

ABSTRACT

Potent marine neurotoxins known as brevetoxins are produced by the 'red tide' dinoflagellate Karenia brevis. They kill large numbers of fish and cause illness in humans who ingest toxic filter-feeding shellfish or inhale toxic aerosols. The toxins are also suspected of having been involved in events in which many manatees and dolphins died, but this has usually not been verified owing to limited confirmation of toxin exposure, unexplained intoxication mechanisms and complicating pathologies. Here we show that fish and seagrass can accumulate high concentrations of brevetoxins and that these have acted as toxin vectors during recent deaths of dolphins and manatees, respectively. Our results challenge claims that the deleterious effects of a brevetoxin on fish (ichthyotoxicity) preclude its accumulation in live fish, and they reveal a new vector mechanism for brevetoxin spread through food webs that poses a threat to upper trophic levels. More... »

PAGES

755

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature435755a

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature435755a

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000991111

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15944690


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