A communal catalogue reveals Earth’s multiscale microbial diversity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-11-01

AUTHORS

Luke R. Thompson, Jon G. Sanders, Daniel McDonald, Amnon Amir, Joshua Ladau, Kenneth J. Locey, Robert J. Prill, Anupriya Tripathi, Sean M. Gibbons, Gail Ackermann, Jose A. Navas-Molina, Stefan Janssen, Evguenia Kopylova, Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza, Antonio González, James T. Morton, Siavash Mirarab, Zhenjiang Zech Xu, Lingjing Jiang, Mohamed F. Haroon, Jad Kanbar, Qiyun Zhu, Se Jin Song, Tomasz Kosciolek, Nicholas A. Bokulich, Joshua Lefler, Colin J. Brislawn, Gregory Humphrey, Sarah M. Owens, Jarrad Hampton-Marcell, Donna Berg-Lyons, Valerie McKenzie, Noah Fierer, Jed A. Fuhrman, Aaron Clauset, Rick L. Stevens, Ashley Shade, Katherine S. Pollard, Kelly D. Goodwin, Janet K. Jansson, Jack A. Gilbert, Rob Knight

ABSTRACT

Our growing awareness of the microbial world’s importance and diversity contrasts starkly with our limited understanding of its fundamental structure. Despite recent advances in DNA sequencing, a lack of standardized protocols and common analytical frameworks impedes comparisons among studies, hindering the development of global inferences about microbial life on Earth. Here we present a meta-analysis of microbial community samples collected by hundreds of researchers for the Earth Microbiome Project. Coordinated protocols and new analytical methods, particularly the use of exact sequences instead of clustered operational taxonomic units, enable bacterial and archaeal ribosomal RNA gene sequences to be followed across multiple studies and allow us to explore patterns of diversity at an unprecedented scale. The result is both a reference database giving global context to DNA sequence data and a framework for incorporating data from future studies, fostering increasingly complete characterization of Earth’s microbial diversity. More... »

PAGES

457-463

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature

    ISSUE

    7681

    VOLUME

    551

    Author Affiliations

  • Ocean Chemistry and Ecosystems Division, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, stationed at Southwest Fisheries Science Center, La Jolla, California, USA
  • Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
  • The Gladstone Institutes and University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
  • Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA
  • Industrial and Applied Genomics, IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, California, USA
  • Skaggs School of Pharmacy, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
  • The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  • Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
  • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
  • Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
  • Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  • Pathogen and Microbiome Institute, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
  • Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, USA
  • Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • BioFrontiers Institute, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • Department of Computer Science, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • Program in Ecology, Evolutionary Biology and Behavior, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • Center for Microbiome Innovation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature24621

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature24621

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092446313

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29088705


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