Ionic immune suppression within the tumour microenvironment limits T cell effector function View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-09-14

AUTHORS

Robert Eil, Suman K Vodnala, David Clever, Christopher A Klebanoff, Madhusudhanan Sukumar, Jenny H Pan, Douglas C Palmer, Alena Gros, Tori N Yamamoto, Shashank J Patel, Geoffrey C Guittard, Zhiya Yu, Valentina Carbonaro, Klaus Okkenhaug, David S Schrump, W Marston Linehan, Rahul Roychoudhuri, Nicholas P Restifo

ABSTRACT

Tumours progress despite being infiltrated by tumour-specific effector T cells. Tumours contain areas of cellular necrosis, which are associated with poor survival in a variety of cancers. Here, we show that necrosis releases intracellular potassium ions into the extracellular fluid of mouse and human tumours, causing profound suppression of T cell effector function. Elevation of the extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]e) impairs T cell receptor (TCR)-driven Akt-mTOR phosphorylation and effector programmes. Potassium-mediated suppression of Akt-mTOR signalling and T cell function is dependent upon the activity of the serine/threonine phosphatase PP2A. Although the suppressive effect mediated by elevated [K+]e is independent of changes in plasma membrane potential (Vm), it requires an increase in intracellular potassium ([K+]i). Accordingly, augmenting potassium efflux in tumour-specific T cells by overexpressing the potassium channel Kv1.3 lowers [K+]i and improves effector functions in vitro and in vivo and enhances tumour clearance and survival in melanoma-bearing mice. These results uncover an ionic checkpoint that blocks T cell function in tumours and identify potential new strategies for cancer immunotherapy. More... »

PAGES

539-543

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature19364

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature19364

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018334075

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27626381


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