SAR11 bacteria linked to ocean anoxia and nitrogen loss View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-08-03

AUTHORS

Despina Tsementzi, Jieying Wu, Samuel Deutsch, Sangeeta Nath, Luis M Rodriguez-R, Andrew S. Burns, Piyush Ranjan, Neha Sarode, Rex R. Malmstrom, Cory C. Padilla, Benjamin K. Stone, Laura A. Bristow, Morten Larsen, Jennifer B. Glass, Bo Thamdrup, Tanja Woyke, Konstantinos T. Konstantinidis, Frank J. Stewart

ABSTRACT

Bacteria of the SAR11 clade constitute up to one half of all microbial cells in the oxygen-rich surface ocean. SAR11 bacteria are also abundant in oxygen minimum zones (OMZs), where oxygen falls below detection and anaerobic microbes have vital roles in converting bioavailable nitrogen to N2 gas. Anaerobic metabolism has not yet been observed in SAR11, and it remains unknown how these bacteria contribute to OMZ biogeochemical cycling. Here, genomic analysis of single cells from the world's largest OMZ revealed previously uncharacterized SAR11 lineages with adaptations for life without oxygen, including genes for respiratory nitrate reductases (Nar). SAR11 nar genes were experimentally verified to encode proteins catalysing the nitrite-producing first step of denitrification and constituted ~40% of OMZ nar transcripts, with transcription peaking in the anoxic zone of maximum nitrate reduction activity. These results link SAR11 to pathways of ocean nitrogen loss, redefining the ecological niche of Earth's most abundant organismal group. More... »

PAGES

179-183

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature

    ISSUE

    7615

    VOLUME

    536

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature19068

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature19068

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048465291

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27487207


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