Rapid fucosylation of intestinal epithelium sustains host-commensal symbiosis in sickness View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-10-01

AUTHORS

Joseph M Pickard, Corinne F Maurice, Melissa A Kinnebrew, Michael C Abt, Dominik Schenten, Tatyana V Golovkina, Said R Bogatyrev, Rustem F Ismagilov, Eric G Pamer, Peter J Turnbaugh, Alexander V Chervonsky

ABSTRACT

Systemic infection induces conserved physiological responses that include both resistance and 'tolerance of infection' mechanisms. Temporary anorexia associated with an infection is often beneficial, reallocating energy from food foraging towards resistance to infection or depriving pathogens of nutrients. However, it imposes a stress on intestinal commensals, as they also experience reduced substrate availability; this affects host fitness owing to the loss of caloric intake and colonization resistance (protection from additional infections). We hypothesized that the host might utilize internal resources to support the gut microbiota during the acute phase of the disease. Here we show that systemic exposure to Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands causes rapid α(1,2)-fucosylation of small intestine epithelial cells (IECs) in mice, which requires the sensing of TLR agonists, as well as the production of interleukin (IL)-23 by dendritic cells, activation of innate lymphoid cells and expression of fucosyltransferase 2 (Fut2) by IL-22-stimulated IECs. Fucosylated proteins are shed into the lumen and fucose is liberated and metabolized by the gut microbiota, as shown by reporter bacteria and community-wide analysis of microbial gene expression. Fucose affects the expression of microbial metabolic pathways and reduces the expression of bacterial virulence genes. It also improves host tolerance of the mild pathogen Citrobacter rodentium. Thus, rapid IEC fucosylation appears to be a protective mechanism that utilizes the host's resources to maintain host-microbial interactions during pathogen-induced stress. More... »

PAGES

638-641

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature13823

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13823

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051058671

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25274297


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422 grid-institutes:grid.51462.34 schema:alternateName Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, USA.
423 schema:name Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, USA.
424 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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