Mammalian Y chromosomes retain widely expressed dosage-sensitive regulators View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-04

AUTHORS

Daniel W. Bellott, Jennifer F. Hughes, Helen Skaletsky, Laura G. Brown, Tatyana Pyntikova, Ting-Jan Cho, Natalia Koutseva, Sara Zaghlul, Tina Graves, Susie Rock, Colin Kremitzki, Robert S. Fulton, Shannon Dugan, Yan Ding, Donna Morton, Ziad Khan, Lora Lewis, Christian Buhay, Qiaoyan Wang, Jennifer Watt, Michael Holder, Sandy Lee, Lynne Nazareth, Jessica Alföldi, Steve Rozen, Donna M. Muzny, Wesley C. Warren, Richard A. Gibbs, Richard K. Wilson, David C. Page

ABSTRACT

The human X and Y chromosomes evolved from an ordinary pair of autosomes, but millions of years ago genetic decay ravaged the Y chromosome, and only three per cent of its ancestral genes survived. We reconstructed the evolution of the Y chromosome across eight mammals to identify biases in gene content and the selective pressures that preserved the surviving ancestral genes. Our findings indicate that survival was nonrandom, and in two cases, convergent across placental and marsupial mammals. We conclude that the gene content of the Y chromosome became specialized through selection to maintain the ancestral dosage of homologous X-Y gene pairs that function as broadly expressed regulators of transcription, translation and protein stability. We propose that beyond its roles in testis determination and spermatogenesis, the Y chromosome is essential for male viability, and has unappreciated roles in Turner's syndrome and in phenotypic differences between the sexes in health and disease. More... »

PAGES

494

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature13206

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13206

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001655907

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24759411


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