The complete genome sequence of a Neanderthal from the Altai Mountains View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12-18

AUTHORS

Kay Prüfer, Fernando Racimo, Nick Patterson, Flora Jay, Sriram Sankararaman, Susanna Sawyer, Anja Heinze, Gabriel Renaud, Peter H. Sudmant, Cesare de Filippo, Heng Li, Swapan Mallick, Michael Dannemann, Qiaomei Fu, Martin Kircher, Martin Kuhlwilm, Michael Lachmann, Matthias Meyer, Matthias Ongyerth, Michael Siebauer, Christoph Theunert, Arti Tandon, Priya Moorjani, Joseph Pickrell, James C. Mullikin, Samuel H. Vohr, Richard E. Green, Ines Hellmann, Philip L. F. Johnson, Hélène Blanche, Howard Cann, Jacob O. Kitzman, Jay Shendure, Evan E. Eichler, Ed S. Lein, Trygve E. Bakken, Liubov V. Golovanova, Vladimir B. Doronichev, Michael V. Shunkov, Anatoli P. Derevianko, Bence Viola, Montgomery Slatkin, David Reich, Janet Kelso, Svante Pääbo

ABSTRACT

We present a high-quality genome sequence of a Neanderthal woman from Siberia. We show that her parents were related at the level of half-siblings and that mating among close relatives was common among her recent ancestors. We also sequenced the genome of a Neanderthal from the Caucasus to low coverage. An analysis of the relationships and population history of available archaic genomes and 25 present-day human genomes shows that several gene flow events occurred among Neanderthals, Denisovans and early modern humans, possibly including gene flow into Denisovans from an unknown archaic group. Thus, interbreeding, albeit of low magnitude, occurred among many hominin groups in the Late Pleistocene. In addition, the high-quality Neanderthal genome allows us to establish a definitive list of substitutions that became fixed in modern humans after their separation from the ancestors of Neanderthals and Denisovans. More... »

PAGES

43-49

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature

    ISSUE

    7481

    VOLUME

    505

    Author Affiliations

  • Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
  • Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, 94720-3140, Berkeley, California, USA
  • Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, 02142, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  • Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, 02115, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, 98195, Seattle, Washington, USA
  • Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100044, Beijing, China
  • Genome Technology Branch and NIH Intramural Sequencing Center, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, 20892, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
  • Department of Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, 95064, Santa Cruz, California, USA
  • Present address: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Martinsried, 82152 Munich, Germany.
  • Department of Biology, Emory University, 30322, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  • Fondation Jean Dausset, Centre d'Étude du Polymorphisme Humain (CEPH), 75010 Paris, France
  • Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 98195, Seattle, Washington, USA
  • Allen Institute for Brain Science, 98103, Seattle, Washington, USA
  • ANO Laboratory of Prehistory 14 Linia 3-11, St. Petersburg 1990 34, Russia
  • Palaeolithic Department, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
  • Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
  • Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, 02115, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature12886

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12886

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016472358

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24352235


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