Van der Waals heterostructures View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-07

AUTHORS

A. K. Geim, I. V. Grigorieva

ABSTRACT

Research on graphene and other two-dimensional atomic crystals is intense and is likely to remain one of the leading topics in condensed matter physics and materials science for many years. Looking beyond this field, isolated atomic planes can also be reassembled into designer heterostructures made layer by layer in a precisely chosen sequence. The first, already remarkably complex, such heterostructures (often referred to as 'van der Waals') have recently been fabricated and investigated, revealing unusual properties and new phenomena. Here we review this emerging research area and identify possible future directions. With steady improvement in fabrication techniques and using graphene's springboard, van der Waals heterostructures should develop into a large field of their own. More... »

PAGES

419

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012-05. Emergence of superlattice Dirac points in graphene on hexagonal boron nitride in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2012-11. Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2013-03. Measurement of mobility in dual-gated MoS2 transistors in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2004-12. Bose–Einstein condensation of excitons in bilayer electron systems in NATURE
  • 2012-10. A roadmap for graphene in NATURE
  • 2009-11. Ultraflat graphene in NATURE
  • 2011-11. A role for graphene in silicon-based semiconductor devices in NATURE
  • 2012-12. Strong Coulomb drag and broken symmetry in double-layer graphene in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2013-04. Electrically tunable transverse magnetic focusing in graphene in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2012-02. Chiral superconductivity from repulsive interactions in doped graphene in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2012-09. Cross-sectional imaging of individual layers and buried interfaces of graphene-based heterostructures and superlattices in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2011-03. Single-layer MoS2 transistors in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2011-12. Tunable metal–insulator transition in double-layer graphene heterostructures in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2013-02. Vertical field-effect transistor based on graphene–WS2 heterostructures for flexible and transparent electronics in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2012-05. Forming nanomaterials as layered functional structures toward materials nanoarchitectonics in NPG ASIA MATERIALS
  • 2004-06. Direct-bandgap properties and evidence for ultraviolet lasing of hexagonal boron nitride single crystal in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2005-10. Superconductivity in the intercalated graphite compounds C6Yb and C6Ca in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2012-08. Exciton condensation and perfect Coulomb drag in NATURE
  • 2010-02. Observation of Van Hove singularities in twisted graphene layers in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2010-05. Atomic layers of hybridized boron nitride and graphene domains in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 2012-02. Phonon-mediated superconductivity in graphene by lithium deposition in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 2013-05. Hofstadter’s butterfly and the fractal quantum Hall effect in moiré superlattices in NATURE
  • 2013-05. Cloning of Dirac fermions in graphene superlattices in NATURE
  • 2012-08. Control of valley polarization in monolayer MoS2 by optical helicity in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2013-01. Growth of a two-dimensional dielectric monolayer on quasi-freestanding graphene in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2010-10. Boron nitride substrates for high-quality graphene electronics in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2010-08. Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2012-08. Valley polarization in MoS2 monolayers by optical pumping in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2009-04. Chemical methods for the production of graphenes in NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature12385

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12385

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024857999

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23887427


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Manchester", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5379.8", 
              "name": [
                "School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK", 
                "Centre for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Geim", 
            "givenName": "A. K.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0721730631.45", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0721730631.45"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Manchester", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5379.8", 
              "name": [
                "School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Grigorieva", 
            "givenName": "I. V.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0767105504.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0767105504.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2181", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000430612", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2181"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1300599110", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000469728"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1220527", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001029963"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.84.1067", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001293825"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.84.1067", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001293825"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1218461", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001321657"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2012.04.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002015660"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl3002205", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002874697"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl204562j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003665798"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.136805", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004648868"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.136805", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004648868"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.155501", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004704728"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.155501", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004704728"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201103241", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006072513"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn200766e", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006354437"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1171245", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006821145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1171245", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006821145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.102.206603", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008965041"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.102.206603", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008965041"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.235502", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009306567"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.235502", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009306567"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0808684", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009356162"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0808684", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009356162"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl200464j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009481872"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl200464j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009481872"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2549", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009764639", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2549"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat3386", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010322308", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3386"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn3059136", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011019636"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1237240", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011524156"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167130", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012080142"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.110.146803", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012423162"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.110.146803", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012423162"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205978109", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013379722"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2114", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013804181", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2114"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.224", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014580392", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.224"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.83.407", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015873393"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.83.407", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015873393"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.172", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018587379", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.172"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.172", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018587379", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.172"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2441", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019327475", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2441"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1211694", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019671910"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2272", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021097156", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2272"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.132", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022328266", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.132"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.132", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022328266", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.132"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr300263a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022830330"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03081", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022927560", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03081"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03081", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022927560", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03081"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.245501", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023244161"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.245501", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023244161"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature11458", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024564800", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11458"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1134", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025956058", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1134"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1134", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025956058", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1134"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1022139", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026133255"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1022139", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026133255"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature12187", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026408867", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12187"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl301702r", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026665612"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2013.30", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027027650", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2013.30"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(92)90872-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027147564"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(92)90872-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027147564"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027952436", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.95"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.193", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028219354", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.193"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.05.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029252816"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl903868w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031417418"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl903868w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031417418"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn4009406", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031669957"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature08569", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033393773", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08569"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature08569", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033393773", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08569"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.58", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034387569", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2009.58"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.58", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034387569", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2009.58"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn305275h", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034441910"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2711", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034820877", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2711"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2711", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034820877", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2711"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0502848102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036398807"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.83.851", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037590929"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.83.851", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037590929"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201001555", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037829715"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201001555", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037829715"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2012.04.021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038054303"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn400280c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038090434"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1194975", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038176521"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.96", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038550073", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.96"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature12186", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039071679", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12186"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl801827v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040491531"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl801827v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040491531"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.217", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040814583", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.217"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys0010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041281578", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys0010"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys0010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041281578", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys0010"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.78.121401", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042023020"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.78.121401", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042023020"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.86.134521", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042033682"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.86.134521", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042033682"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3665405", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042732051"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature11302", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042873839", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11302"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/am.2012.30", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043207973", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/am.2012.30"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn202829y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045492405"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys1463", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045564126", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys1463"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.87.075451", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045625722"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.87.075451", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045625722"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature10680", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046488380", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10680"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl203249a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046545446"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2208", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047312131", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2208"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl200758b", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047611399"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl200758b", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047611399"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.279", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047704758", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.279"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/c0nr00323a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052744844"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/j150531a020", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055693229"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl2005115", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218510"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl2005115", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218510"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl301922d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056219497"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn300996t", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056224299"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3662043", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057994326"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.65.125407", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060602590"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.65.125407", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060602590"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.104.136803", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060756784"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.104.136803", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060756784"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.037002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060757230"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.037002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060757230"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.99.026102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060834313"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.99.026102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060834313"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.70.897", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060839434"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.70.897", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060839434"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.174.4008.493", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062503751"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.288.5465.468", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062569222"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1142/s0218625x03005529", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062979844"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.21.004908", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065202909"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/iedm.2010.5703419", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094754303"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2013-07", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2013-07-01", 
        "description": "Research on graphene and other two-dimensional atomic crystals is intense and is likely to remain one of the leading topics in condensed matter physics and materials science for many years. Looking beyond this field, isolated atomic planes can also be reassembled into designer heterostructures made layer by layer in a precisely chosen sequence. The first, already remarkably complex, such heterostructures (often referred to as 'van der Waals') have recently been fabricated and investigated, revealing unusual properties and new phenomena. Here we review this emerging research area and identify possible future directions. With steady improvement in fabrication techniques and using graphene's springboard, van der Waals heterostructures should develop into a large field of their own. ", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature12385", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2764659", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2785497", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
            "issn": [
              "0090-0028", 
              "1476-4687"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "7459", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "499"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Van der Waals heterostructures", 
        "pagination": "419", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "766cbaabcf6950e00c8a057ac1707ced56a4a10bdbe4f4246b4325dbceece75f"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "23887427"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "0410462"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/nature12385"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1024857999"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12385", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024857999"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T18:08", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8675_00000424.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/nature12385"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature12385'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature12385'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature12385'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature12385'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    383 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      120 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12385 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author Nba28217a306544798051ec08c5f77a29
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/am.2012.30
    5 sg:pub.10.1038/nature03081
    6 sg:pub.10.1038/nature08569
    7 sg:pub.10.1038/nature10680
    8 sg:pub.10.1038/nature11302
    9 sg:pub.10.1038/nature11458
    10 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12186
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12187
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1134
    13 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2711
    14 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat3386
    15 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.58
    16 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.132
    17 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.172
    18 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.279
    19 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.193
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.217
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.224
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.95
    23 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.96
    24 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2013.30
    25 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys0010
    26 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys1463
    27 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2114
    28 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2181
    29 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2208
    30 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2272
    31 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2441
    32 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2549
    33 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201103241
    34 https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201001555
    35 https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(92)90872-9
    36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.05.005
    37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2012.04.005
    38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2012.04.021
    39 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr300263a
    40 https://doi.org/10.1021/j150531a020
    41 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0808684
    42 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1022139
    43 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl200464j
    44 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl2005115
    45 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl200758b
    46 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl203249a
    47 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl204562j
    48 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl3002205
    49 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl301702r
    50 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl301922d
    51 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl801827v
    52 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl903868w
    53 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn200766e
    54 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn202829y
    55 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn300996t
    56 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn305275h
    57 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn3059136
    58 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn400280c
    59 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn4009406
    60 https://doi.org/10.1039/c0nr00323a
    61 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3662043
    62 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3665405
    63 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0502848102
    64 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205978109
    65 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1300599110
    66 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.65.125407
    67 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.78.121401
    68 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.86.134521
    69 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.87.075451
    70 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.102.206603
    71 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.104.136803
    72 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.037002
    73 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.136805
    74 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.155501
    75 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.235502
    76 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.245501
    77 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.110.146803
    78 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.99.026102
    79 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.70.897
    80 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.83.407
    81 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.83.851
    82 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.84.1067
    83 https://doi.org/10.1109/iedm.2010.5703419
    84 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167130
    85 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1171245
    86 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1194975
    87 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1211694
    88 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1218461
    89 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1220527
    90 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1237240
    91 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.174.4008.493
    92 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.288.5465.468
    93 https://doi.org/10.1142/s0218625x03005529
    94 https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.21.004908
    95 schema:datePublished 2013-07
    96 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-07-01
    97 schema:description Research on graphene and other two-dimensional atomic crystals is intense and is likely to remain one of the leading topics in condensed matter physics and materials science for many years. Looking beyond this field, isolated atomic planes can also be reassembled into designer heterostructures made layer by layer in a precisely chosen sequence. The first, already remarkably complex, such heterostructures (often referred to as 'van der Waals') have recently been fabricated and investigated, revealing unusual properties and new phenomena. Here we review this emerging research area and identify possible future directions. With steady improvement in fabrication techniques and using graphene's springboard, van der Waals heterostructures should develop into a large field of their own.
    98 schema:genre research_article
    99 schema:inLanguage en
    100 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    101 schema:isPartOf N1507350033fa48309a7ab8e77e4017f9
    102 Nf57e42c1855e459f8c3a5360fc41a340
    103 sg:journal.1018957
    104 schema:name Van der Waals heterostructures
    105 schema:pagination 419
    106 schema:productId N1d765f4ceb3f47b4b74dc9ed32b68813
    107 N2a6315d3c7d241d59926cd5c5d1ab8df
    108 Na5dbabf2cd3c45da9cb94fd609da9f08
    109 Nd817d495b85b4179a220b3707f2584f6
    110 Nfe52d7cfa5f143bca847cbef43689619
    111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024857999
    112 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12385
    113 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T18:08
    114 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    115 schema:sdPublisher N430c9f2e9cad47f1bdd5f0a6632b416a
    116 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/nature12385
    117 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    118 sgo:sdDataset articles
    119 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    120 N1507350033fa48309a7ab8e77e4017f9 schema:volumeNumber 499
    121 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    122 N1d765f4ceb3f47b4b74dc9ed32b68813 schema:name readcube_id
    123 schema:value 766cbaabcf6950e00c8a057ac1707ced56a4a10bdbe4f4246b4325dbceece75f
    124 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    125 N2a6315d3c7d241d59926cd5c5d1ab8df schema:name doi
    126 schema:value 10.1038/nature12385
    127 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    128 N430c9f2e9cad47f1bdd5f0a6632b416a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    129 rdf:type schema:Organization
    130 N70b6724e69674848b73b9cc8bd8baf34 rdf:first sg:person.0767105504.29
    131 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    132 Na5dbabf2cd3c45da9cb94fd609da9f08 schema:name pubmed_id
    133 schema:value 23887427
    134 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    135 Nba28217a306544798051ec08c5f77a29 rdf:first sg:person.0721730631.45
    136 rdf:rest N70b6724e69674848b73b9cc8bd8baf34
    137 Nd817d495b85b4179a220b3707f2584f6 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    138 schema:value 0410462
    139 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    140 Nf57e42c1855e459f8c3a5360fc41a340 schema:issueNumber 7459
    141 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    142 Nfe52d7cfa5f143bca847cbef43689619 schema:name dimensions_id
    143 schema:value pub.1024857999
    144 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    145 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    146 schema:name Engineering
    147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    148 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    149 schema:name Materials Engineering
    150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    151 sg:grant.2764659 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/nature12385
    152 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    153 sg:grant.2785497 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/nature12385
    154 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    155 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
    156 1476-4687
    157 schema:name Nature
    158 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    159 sg:person.0721730631.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5379.8
    160 schema:familyName Geim
    161 schema:givenName A. K.
    162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0721730631.45
    163 rdf:type schema:Person
    164 sg:person.0767105504.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5379.8
    165 schema:familyName Grigorieva
    166 schema:givenName I. V.
    167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0767105504.29
    168 rdf:type schema:Person
    169 sg:pub.10.1038/am.2012.30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043207973
    170 https://doi.org/10.1038/am.2012.30
    171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    172 sg:pub.10.1038/nature03081 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022927560
    173 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03081
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 sg:pub.10.1038/nature08569 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033393773
    176 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08569
    177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    178 sg:pub.10.1038/nature10680 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046488380
    179 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10680
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 sg:pub.10.1038/nature11302 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042873839
    182 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11302
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 sg:pub.10.1038/nature11458 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024564800
    185 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11458
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039071679
    188 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12186
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12187 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026408867
    191 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12187
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025956058
    194 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1134
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2711 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034820877
    197 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2711
    198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    199 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat3386 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010322308
    200 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3386
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.58 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034387569
    203 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2009.58
    204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    205 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022328266
    206 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.132
    207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    208 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018587379
    209 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.172
    210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    211 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2010.279 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047704758
    212 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.279
    213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    214 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.193 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028219354
    215 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.193
    216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    217 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040814583
    218 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.217
    219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    220 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.224 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014580392
    221 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.224
    222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    223 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027952436
    224 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.95
    225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    226 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2012.96 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038550073
    227 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2012.96
    228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    229 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2013.30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027027650
    230 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2013.30
    231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    232 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys0010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041281578
    233 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys0010
    234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    235 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys1463 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045564126
    236 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys1463
    237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    238 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013804181
    239 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2114
    240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    241 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000430612
    242 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2181
    243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    244 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2208 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047312131
    245 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2208
    246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    247 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2272 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021097156
    248 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2272
    249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    250 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2441 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019327475
    251 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2441
    252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    253 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys2549 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009764639
    254 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2549
    255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    256 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201103241 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006072513
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201001555 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037829715
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(92)90872-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027147564
    261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    262 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.05.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029252816
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2012.04.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002015660
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2012.04.021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038054303
    267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr300263a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022830330
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://doi.org/10.1021/j150531a020 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055693229
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0808684 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009356162
    273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1022139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026133255
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl200464j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009481872
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl2005115 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218510
    279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl200758b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047611399
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl203249a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046545446
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl204562j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003665798
    285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl3002205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002874697
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl301702r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026665612
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl301922d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056219497
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl801827v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040491531
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl903868w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031417418
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn200766e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006354437
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn202829y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045492405
    299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    300 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn300996t schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056224299
    301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    302 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn305275h schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034441910
    303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    304 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn3059136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011019636
    305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    306 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn400280c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038090434
    307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    308 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn4009406 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031669957
    309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    310 https://doi.org/10.1039/c0nr00323a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052744844
    311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    312 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3662043 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057994326
    313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    314 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3665405 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042732051
    315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    316 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0502848102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036398807
    317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    318 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205978109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013379722
    319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    320 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1300599110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000469728
    321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    322 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.65.125407 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060602590
    323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    324 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.78.121401 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042023020
    325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    326 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.86.134521 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042033682
    327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    328 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.87.075451 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045625722
    329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    330 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.102.206603 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008965041
    331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    332 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.104.136803 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060756784
    333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    334 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.037002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060757230
    335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    336 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.136805 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004648868
    337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    338 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.155501 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004704728
    339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    340 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.235502 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009306567
    341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    342 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.108.245501 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023244161
    343 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    344 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.110.146803 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012423162
    345 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    346 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.99.026102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060834313
    347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    348 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.70.897 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060839434
    349 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    350 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.83.407 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015873393
    351 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    352 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.83.851 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037590929
    353 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    354 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.84.1067 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001293825
    355 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    356 https://doi.org/10.1109/iedm.2010.5703419 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094754303
    357 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    358 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1167130 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012080142
    359 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    360 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1171245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006821145
    361 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    362 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1194975 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038176521
    363 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    364 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1211694 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019671910
    365 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    366 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1218461 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001321657
    367 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    368 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1220527 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001029963
    369 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    370 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1237240 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011524156
    371 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    372 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.174.4008.493 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062503751
    373 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    374 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.288.5465.468 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062569222
    375 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    376 https://doi.org/10.1142/s0218625x03005529 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062979844
    377 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    378 https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.21.004908 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065202909
    379 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    380 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5379.8 schema:alternateName University of Manchester
    381 schema:name Centre for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    382 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    383 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...