Probing graphene grain boundaries with optical microscopy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-10

AUTHORS

Dinh Loc Duong, Gang Hee Han, Seung Mi Lee, Fethullah Gunes, Eun Sung Kim, Sung Tae Kim, Heetae Kim, Quang Huy Ta, Kang Pyo So, Seok Jun Yoon, Seung Jin Chae, Young Woo Jo, Min Ho Park, Sang Hoon Chae, Seong Chu Lim, Jae Young Choi, Young Hee Lee

ABSTRACT

Grain boundaries in graphene are formed by the joining of islands during the initial growth stage, and these boundaries govern transport properties and related device performance. Although information on the atomic rearrangement at graphene grain boundaries can be obtained using transmission electron microscopy and scanning tunnelling microscopy, large-scale information regarding the distribution of graphene grain boundaries is not easily accessible. Here we use optical microscopy to observe the grain boundaries of large-area graphene (grown on copper foil) directly, without transfer of the graphene. This imaging technique was realized by selectively oxidizing the underlying copper foil through graphene grain boundaries functionalized with O and OH radicals generated by ultraviolet irradiation under moisture-rich ambient conditions: selective diffusion of oxygen radicals through OH-functionalized defect sites was demonstrated by density functional calculations. The sheet resistance of large-area graphene decreased as the graphene grain sizes increased, but no strong correlation with the grain size of the copper was revealed, in contrast to a previous report. Furthermore, the influence of graphene grain boundaries on crack propagation (initialized by bending) and termination was clearly visualized using our technique. Our approach can be used as a simple protocol for evaluating the grain boundaries of other two-dimensional layered structures, such as boron nitride and exfoliated clays. More... »

PAGES

235

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature11562

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11562

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006751950

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23034653


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea", 
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Duong", 
        "givenName": "Dinh Loc", 
        "id": "sg:person.01370133420.00", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01370133420.00"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Han", 
        "givenName": "Gang Hee", 
        "id": "sg:person.0752674353.19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752674353.19"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410883.6", 
          "name": [
            "Center for Nanocharacterization, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-340, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lee", 
        "givenName": "Seung Mi", 
        "id": "sg:person.01141644711.71", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01141644711.71"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gunes", 
        "givenName": "Fethullah", 
        "id": "sg:person.01024541051.11", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01024541051.11"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kim", 
        "givenName": "Eun Sung", 
        "id": "sg:person.01255110040.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01255110040.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kim", 
        "givenName": "Sung Tae", 
        "id": "sg:person.01027374360.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01027374360.59"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kim", 
        "givenName": "Heetae", 
        "id": "sg:person.01075507560.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01075507560.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ta", 
        "givenName": "Quang Huy", 
        "id": "sg:person.01143622760.81", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143622760.81"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "So", 
        "givenName": "Kang Pyo", 
        "id": "sg:person.0752154735.97", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752154735.97"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yoon", 
        "givenName": "Seok Jun", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea", 
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chae", 
        "givenName": "Seung Jin", 
        "id": "sg:person.01326164560.34", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01326164560.34"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jo", 
        "givenName": "Young Woo", 
        "id": "sg:person.01167215775.85", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01167215775.85"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Park", 
        "givenName": "Min Ho", 
        "id": "sg:person.01277215402.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277215402.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chae", 
        "givenName": "Sang Hoon", 
        "id": "sg:person.0717007060.05", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0717007060.05"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lim", 
        "givenName": "Seong Chu", 
        "id": "sg:person.0765122260.53", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0765122260.53"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea", 
            "Graphene Center at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT), PO Box 111, Suwon 440-600, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Choi", 
        "givenName": "Jae Young", 
        "id": "sg:person.01012652721.91", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01012652721.91"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
          "name": [
            "Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea", 
            "Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lee", 
        "givenName": "Young Hee", 
        "id": "sg:person.0710401264.22", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0710401264.22"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.102.073005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001357972"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.102.073005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001357972"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1016706", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003397206"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1016706", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003397206"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1171245", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006821145"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1171245", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006821145"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2830", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013560949", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2830"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2830", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013560949", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2830"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.458452", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014331737"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat3010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018038957", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3010"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2768624", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021602424"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(77)80574-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021785500"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1383-5866(99)00078-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024256103"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm201131v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028115595"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm201131v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028115595"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2009.02.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029913597"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1354(02)00140-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031827227"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0811754106", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036456288"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.58", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037553678", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.58"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature09718", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043756216", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09718"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn300167t", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045235007"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3337091", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046596414"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2011.198", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051727578", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2011.198"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200803016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051914089"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200803016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051914089"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja200245p", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055849376"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja200245p", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055849376"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp904321n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056115602"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp904321n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056115602"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl100988r", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056217925"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl100988r", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056217925"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1036403", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218306"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1036403", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218306"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl201590f", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218668"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl201590f", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218668"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl201980p", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218732"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl201980p", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218732"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl203041n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218926"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl203041n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218926"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nn1033423", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056223168"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.13.5188", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060521190"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.13.5188", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060521190"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.3865", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060814179"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.3865", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060814179"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1142/s1793292011002780", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063021063"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2012-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2012-10-01", 
    "description": "Grain boundaries in graphene are formed by the joining of islands during the initial growth stage, and these boundaries govern transport properties and related device performance. Although information on the atomic rearrangement at graphene grain boundaries can be obtained using transmission electron microscopy and scanning tunnelling microscopy, large-scale information regarding the distribution of graphene grain boundaries is not easily accessible. Here we use optical microscopy to observe the grain boundaries of large-area graphene (grown on copper foil) directly, without transfer of the graphene. This imaging technique was realized by selectively oxidizing the underlying copper foil through graphene grain boundaries functionalized with O and OH radicals generated by ultraviolet irradiation under moisture-rich ambient conditions: selective diffusion of oxygen radicals through OH-functionalized defect sites was demonstrated by density functional calculations. The sheet resistance of large-area graphene decreased as the graphene grain sizes increased, but no strong correlation with the grain size of the copper was revealed, in contrast to a previous report. Furthermore, the influence of graphene grain boundaries on crack propagation (initialized by bending) and termination was clearly visualized using our technique. Our approach can be used as a simple protocol for evaluating the grain boundaries of other two-dimensional layered structures, such as boron nitride and exfoliated clays.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature11562", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0090-0028", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "7419", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "490"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Probing graphene grain boundaries with optical microscopy", 
    "pagination": "235", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "20296589e199f4d33ee54b3923115134b51fc7d5139f72696de4b3bb80ea26eb"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "23034653"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0410462"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/nature11562"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1006751950"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11562", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006751950"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T22:20", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8690_00000435.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/nature11562"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature11562'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature11562'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature11562'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature11562'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

281 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      59 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/nature11562 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author Ncb53578a6d4143c7a3b068af713e4440
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/nature09718
5 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2830
6 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat3010
7 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.58
8 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2011.198
9 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200803016
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(77)80574-5
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2009.02.003
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1354(02)00140-9
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1383-5866(99)00078-7
14 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm201131v
15 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja200245p
16 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp904321n
17 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl100988r
18 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1016706
19 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1036403
20 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl201590f
21 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl201980p
22 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl203041n
23 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn1033423
24 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn300167t
25 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2768624
26 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3337091
27 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.458452
28 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0811754106
29 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.13.5188
30 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.102.073005
31 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.3865
32 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1171245
33 https://doi.org/10.1142/s1793292011002780
34 schema:datePublished 2012-10
35 schema:datePublishedReg 2012-10-01
36 schema:description Grain boundaries in graphene are formed by the joining of islands during the initial growth stage, and these boundaries govern transport properties and related device performance. Although information on the atomic rearrangement at graphene grain boundaries can be obtained using transmission electron microscopy and scanning tunnelling microscopy, large-scale information regarding the distribution of graphene grain boundaries is not easily accessible. Here we use optical microscopy to observe the grain boundaries of large-area graphene (grown on copper foil) directly, without transfer of the graphene. This imaging technique was realized by selectively oxidizing the underlying copper foil through graphene grain boundaries functionalized with O and OH radicals generated by ultraviolet irradiation under moisture-rich ambient conditions: selective diffusion of oxygen radicals through OH-functionalized defect sites was demonstrated by density functional calculations. The sheet resistance of large-area graphene decreased as the graphene grain sizes increased, but no strong correlation with the grain size of the copper was revealed, in contrast to a previous report. Furthermore, the influence of graphene grain boundaries on crack propagation (initialized by bending) and termination was clearly visualized using our technique. Our approach can be used as a simple protocol for evaluating the grain boundaries of other two-dimensional layered structures, such as boron nitride and exfoliated clays.
37 schema:genre research_article
38 schema:inLanguage en
39 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
40 schema:isPartOf N3b1f10e4c8854e79a50a4fab06d31ee4
41 N61598f95fcd24212b887e6d567e709d5
42 sg:journal.1018957
43 schema:name Probing graphene grain boundaries with optical microscopy
44 schema:pagination 235
45 schema:productId N26a93acfb4a14236a272e8072eb38397
46 N592cf31f469a4e28a9bf241d356bb2db
47 Na6ea5a7a3550489fadc13aaec5d48105
48 Nc34873fdcb1e4f7a954551bdcbafa2d4
49 Ne66d293284424f5daded8646c10efaba
50 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006751950
51 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11562
52 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T22:20
53 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
54 schema:sdPublisher Ncfe01736161843dfa2382ca3a79bc3e4
55 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/nature11562
56 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
57 sgo:sdDataset articles
58 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
59 N1f458a83a18d47aa8e7f916d9b887c0e schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
60 schema:familyName Yoon
61 schema:givenName Seok Jun
62 rdf:type schema:Person
63 N26a93acfb4a14236a272e8072eb38397 schema:name doi
64 schema:value 10.1038/nature11562
65 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
66 N2724d031631c459c9af1d575273bc583 rdf:first sg:person.0765122260.53
67 rdf:rest N53bbcfcfcdd042a6b1c55d0d5e1b8f0c
68 N2786c12792d64353934e6b4193fc5bd6 rdf:first sg:person.01277215402.78
69 rdf:rest N8bbed173e73d42dca6d27829ccd9e01c
70 N2dafd1a038f34804b0f1ca795dd5fac4 rdf:first sg:person.0710401264.22
71 rdf:rest rdf:nil
72 N3b1f10e4c8854e79a50a4fab06d31ee4 schema:issueNumber 7419
73 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
74 N4f24eea756154edebf5f31d2109db6b9 rdf:first sg:person.01326164560.34
75 rdf:rest N71583bebe2924b83a0ec5be94ea38fd6
76 N50cfc0e07f7343fa8deadfa1a453d338 rdf:first sg:person.0752154735.97
77 rdf:rest Nacb5771c0780494ca318b7392003704e
78 N53bbcfcfcdd042a6b1c55d0d5e1b8f0c rdf:first sg:person.01012652721.91
79 rdf:rest N2dafd1a038f34804b0f1ca795dd5fac4
80 N55df216cee914a09b35225b18460ae76 rdf:first sg:person.01024541051.11
81 rdf:rest Ncf939ef4a2474d6683e76d5f850d9eeb
82 N592cf31f469a4e28a9bf241d356bb2db schema:name dimensions_id
83 schema:value pub.1006751950
84 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
85 N61598f95fcd24212b887e6d567e709d5 schema:volumeNumber 490
86 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
87 N71583bebe2924b83a0ec5be94ea38fd6 rdf:first sg:person.01167215775.85
88 rdf:rest N2786c12792d64353934e6b4193fc5bd6
89 N799c81e5af734bdca114e16ee604bec0 rdf:first sg:person.0752674353.19
90 rdf:rest Nfde479361d0b4897ab980cb53fcf5393
91 N8bbed173e73d42dca6d27829ccd9e01c rdf:first sg:person.0717007060.05
92 rdf:rest N2724d031631c459c9af1d575273bc583
93 Na6ea5a7a3550489fadc13aaec5d48105 schema:name nlm_unique_id
94 schema:value 0410462
95 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
96 Nacb5771c0780494ca318b7392003704e rdf:first N1f458a83a18d47aa8e7f916d9b887c0e
97 rdf:rest N4f24eea756154edebf5f31d2109db6b9
98 Nc34873fdcb1e4f7a954551bdcbafa2d4 schema:name pubmed_id
99 schema:value 23034653
100 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
101 Ncb53578a6d4143c7a3b068af713e4440 rdf:first sg:person.01370133420.00
102 rdf:rest N799c81e5af734bdca114e16ee604bec0
103 Ncf939ef4a2474d6683e76d5f850d9eeb rdf:first sg:person.01255110040.82
104 rdf:rest Nef0280f7b51d43469ee18d09adb21287
105 Ncfe01736161843dfa2382ca3a79bc3e4 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
106 rdf:type schema:Organization
107 Nd0bd5162e0ca47eaaa62f647920639c9 rdf:first sg:person.01075507560.04
108 rdf:rest Nf92e43eb40314a709acc577be214df86
109 Ne66d293284424f5daded8646c10efaba schema:name readcube_id
110 schema:value 20296589e199f4d33ee54b3923115134b51fc7d5139f72696de4b3bb80ea26eb
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 Nef0280f7b51d43469ee18d09adb21287 rdf:first sg:person.01027374360.59
113 rdf:rest Nd0bd5162e0ca47eaaa62f647920639c9
114 Nf92e43eb40314a709acc577be214df86 rdf:first sg:person.01143622760.81
115 rdf:rest N50cfc0e07f7343fa8deadfa1a453d338
116 Nfde479361d0b4897ab980cb53fcf5393 rdf:first sg:person.01141644711.71
117 rdf:rest N55df216cee914a09b35225b18460ae76
118 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
119 schema:name Engineering
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
122 schema:name Materials Engineering
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
125 1476-4687
126 schema:name Nature
127 rdf:type schema:Periodical
128 sg:person.01012652721.91 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
129 schema:familyName Choi
130 schema:givenName Jae Young
131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01012652721.91
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 sg:person.01024541051.11 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
134 schema:familyName Gunes
135 schema:givenName Fethullah
136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01024541051.11
137 rdf:type schema:Person
138 sg:person.01027374360.59 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
139 schema:familyName Kim
140 schema:givenName Sung Tae
141 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01027374360.59
142 rdf:type schema:Person
143 sg:person.01075507560.04 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
144 schema:familyName Kim
145 schema:givenName Heetae
146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01075507560.04
147 rdf:type schema:Person
148 sg:person.01141644711.71 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410883.6
149 schema:familyName Lee
150 schema:givenName Seung Mi
151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01141644711.71
152 rdf:type schema:Person
153 sg:person.01143622760.81 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
154 schema:familyName Ta
155 schema:givenName Quang Huy
156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143622760.81
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 sg:person.01167215775.85 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
159 schema:familyName Jo
160 schema:givenName Young Woo
161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01167215775.85
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 sg:person.01255110040.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
164 schema:familyName Kim
165 schema:givenName Eun Sung
166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01255110040.82
167 rdf:type schema:Person
168 sg:person.01277215402.78 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
169 schema:familyName Park
170 schema:givenName Min Ho
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277215402.78
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:person.01326164560.34 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
174 schema:familyName Chae
175 schema:givenName Seung Jin
176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01326164560.34
177 rdf:type schema:Person
178 sg:person.01370133420.00 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
179 schema:familyName Duong
180 schema:givenName Dinh Loc
181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01370133420.00
182 rdf:type schema:Person
183 sg:person.0710401264.22 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
184 schema:familyName Lee
185 schema:givenName Young Hee
186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0710401264.22
187 rdf:type schema:Person
188 sg:person.0717007060.05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
189 schema:familyName Chae
190 schema:givenName Sang Hoon
191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0717007060.05
192 rdf:type schema:Person
193 sg:person.0752154735.97 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
194 schema:familyName So
195 schema:givenName Kang Pyo
196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752154735.97
197 rdf:type schema:Person
198 sg:person.0752674353.19 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
199 schema:familyName Han
200 schema:givenName Gang Hee
201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752674353.19
202 rdf:type schema:Person
203 sg:person.0765122260.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
204 schema:familyName Lim
205 schema:givenName Seong Chu
206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0765122260.53
207 rdf:type schema:Person
208 sg:pub.10.1038/nature09718 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043756216
209 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09718
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2830 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013560949
212 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2830
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat3010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018038957
215 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat3010
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.58 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037553678
218 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.58
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2011.198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051727578
221 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2011.198
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200803016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051914089
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(77)80574-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021785500
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2009.02.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029913597
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1354(02)00140-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031827227
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1383-5866(99)00078-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024256103
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm201131v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028115595
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja200245p schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055849376
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp904321n schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056115602
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl100988r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056217925
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1016706 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003397206
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl1036403 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218306
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl201590f schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218668
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl201980p schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218732
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl203041n schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056218926
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn1033423 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056223168
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1021/nn300167t schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045235007
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2768624 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021602424
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3337091 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046596414
258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
259 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.458452 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014331737
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0811754106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036456288
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.13.5188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060521190
264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
265 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.102.073005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001357972
266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
267 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.3865 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060814179
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1171245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006821145
270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
271 https://doi.org/10.1142/s1793292011002780 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063021063
272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
273 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a schema:alternateName Sungkyunkwan University
274 schema:name Department of Energy Science, BK21 Physics Division, Graphene Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea
275 Graphene Center at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT), PO Box 111, Suwon 440-600, South Korea
276 School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea
277 Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, South Korea
278 rdf:type schema:Organization
279 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410883.6 schema:alternateName Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science
280 schema:name Center for Nanocharacterization, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-340, South Korea
281 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...