Rate of de novo mutations and the importance of father’s age to disease risk View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-08

AUTHORS

Augustine Kong, Michael L. Frigge, Gisli Masson, Soren Besenbacher, Patrick Sulem, Gisli Magnusson, Sigurjon A. Gudjonsson, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Aslaug Jonasdottir, Adalbjorg Jonasdottir, Wendy S. W. Wong, Gunnar Sigurdsson, G. Bragi Walters, Stacy Steinberg, Hannes Helgason, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Daniel F. Gudbjartsson, Agnar Helgason, Olafur Th. Magnusson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Kari Stefansson

ABSTRACT

Mutations generate sequence diversity and provide a substrate for selection. The rate of de novo mutations is therefore of major importance to evolution. Here we conduct a study of genome-wide mutation rates by sequencing the entire genomes of 78 Icelandic parent-offspring trios at high coverage. We show that in our samples, with an average father's age of 29.7, the average de novo mutation rate is 1.20 × 10(-8) per nucleotide per generation. Most notably, the diversity in mutation rate of single nucleotide polymorphisms is dominated by the age of the father at conception of the child. The effect is an increase of about two mutations per year. An exponential model estimates paternal mutations doubling every 16.5 years. After accounting for random Poisson variation, father's age is estimated to explain nearly all of the remaining variation in the de novo mutation counts. These observations shed light on the importance of the father's age on the risk of diseases such as schizophrenia and autism. More... »

PAGES

471

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature11396

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11396

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029300076

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22914163


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