Genetics and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-06-15

AUTHORS

Bernard Khor, Agnès Gardet, Ramnik J. Xavier

ABSTRACT

Recent advances have provided substantial insight into the maintenance of mucosal immunity and the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Cellular programs responsible for intestinal homeostasis use diverse intracellular and intercellular networks to promote immune tolerance, inflammation or epithelial restitution. Complex interfaces integrate local host and microbial signals to activate appropriate effector programs selectively and even drive plasticity between these programs. In addition, genetic studies and mouse models have emphasized the role of genetic predispositions and how they affect interactions with microbial and environmental factors, leading to pro-colitogenic perturbations of the host–commensal relationship. More... »

PAGES

307-317

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