The patterns and dynamics of genomic instability in metastatic pancreatic cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-10-28

AUTHORS

Peter J. Campbell, Shinichi Yachida, Laura J. Mudie, Philip J. Stephens, Erin D. Pleasance, Lucy A. Stebbings, Laura A. Morsberger, Calli Latimer, Stuart McLaren, Meng-Lay Lin, David J. McBride, Ignacio Varela, Serena A. Nik-Zainal, Catherine Leroy, Mingming Jia, Andrew Menzies, Adam P. Butler, Jon W. Teague, Constance A. Griffin, John Burton, Harold Swerdlow, Michael A. Quail, Michael R. Stratton, Christine Iacobuzio-Donahue, P. Andrew Futreal

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive malignancy with a five-year mortality of 97-98%, usually due to widespread metastatic disease. Previous studies indicate that this disease has a complex genomic landscape, with frequent copy number changes and point mutations, but genomic rearrangements have not been characterized in detail. Despite the clinical importance of metastasis, there remain fundamental questions about the clonal structures of metastatic tumours, including phylogenetic relationships among metastases, the scale of ongoing parallel evolution in metastatic and primary sites, and how the tumour disseminates. Here we harness advances in DNA sequencing to annotate genomic rearrangements in 13 patients with pancreatic cancer and explore clonal relationships among metastases. We find that pancreatic cancer acquires rearrangements indicative of telomere dysfunction and abnormal cell-cycle control, namely dysregulated G1-to-S-phase transition with intact G2-M checkpoint. These initiate amplification of cancer genes and occur predominantly in early cancer development rather than the later stages of the disease. Genomic instability frequently persists after cancer dissemination, resulting in ongoing, parallel and even convergent evolution among different metastases. We find evidence that there is genetic heterogeneity among metastasis-initiating cells, that seeding metastasis may require driver mutations beyond those required for primary tumours, and that phylogenetic trees across metastases show organ-specific branches. These data attest to the richness of genetic variation in cancer, brought about by the tandem forces of genomic instability and evolutionary selection. More... »

PAGES

1109

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature09460

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature09460

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022310913

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20981101


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