A human gut microbial gene catalogue established by metagenomic sequencing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-03

AUTHORS

Junjie Qin, Ruiqiang Li, Jeroen Raes, Manimozhiyan Arumugam, Kristoffer Solvsten Burgdorf, Chaysavanh Manichanh, Trine Nielsen, Nicolas Pons, Florence Levenez, Takuji Yamada, Daniel R. Mende, Junhua Li, Junming Xu, Shaochuan Li, Dongfang Li, Jianjun Cao, Bo Wang, Huiqing Liang, Huisong Zheng, Yinlong Xie, Julien Tap, Patricia Lepage, Marcelo Bertalan, Jean-Michel Batto, Torben Hansen, Denis Le Paslier, Allan Linneberg, H. Bjørn Nielsen, Eric Pelletier, Pierre Renault, Thomas Sicheritz-Ponten, Keith Turner, Hongmei Zhu, Chang Yu, Shengting Li, Min Jian, Yan Zhou, Yingrui Li, Xiuqing Zhang, Songgang Li, Nan Qin, Huanming Yang, Jian Wang, Søren Brunak, Joel Doré, Francisco Guarner, Karsten Kristiansen, Oluf Pedersen, Julian Parkhill, Jean Weissenbach, , Peer Bork, S. Dusko Ehrlich, Jun Wang

ABSTRACT

To understand the impact of gut microbes on human health and well-being it is crucial to assess their genetic potential. Here we describe the Illumina-based metagenomic sequencing, assembly and characterization of 3.3 million non-redundant microbial genes, derived from 576.7 gigabases of sequence, from faecal samples of 124 European individuals. The gene set, ∼150 times larger than the human gene complement, contains an overwhelming majority of the prevalent (more frequent) microbial genes of the cohort and probably includes a large proportion of the prevalent human intestinal microbial genes. The genes are largely shared among individuals of the cohort. Over 99% of the genes are bacterial, indicating that the entire cohort harbours between 1,000 and 1,150 prevalent bacterial species and each individual at least 160 such species, which are also largely shared. We define and describe the minimal gut metagenome and the minimal gut bacterial genome in terms of functions present in all individuals and most bacteria, respectively. More... »

PAGES

59-65

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

7285

VOLUME

464

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature08821

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature08821

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050498034

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20203603


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34 schema:description To understand the impact of gut microbes on human health and well-being it is crucial to assess their genetic potential. Here we describe the Illumina-based metagenomic sequencing, assembly and characterization of 3.3 million non-redundant microbial genes, derived from 576.7 gigabases of sequence, from faecal samples of 124 European individuals. The gene set, ∼150 times larger than the human gene complement, contains an overwhelming majority of the prevalent (more frequent) microbial genes of the cohort and probably includes a large proportion of the prevalent human intestinal microbial genes. The genes are largely shared among individuals of the cohort. Over 99% of the genes are bacterial, indicating that the entire cohort harbours between 1,000 and 1,150 prevalent bacterial species and each individual at least 160 such species, which are also largely shared. We define and describe the minimal gut metagenome and the minimal gut bacterial genome in terms of functions present in all individuals and most bacteria, respectively.
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43 Illumina
44 assembly
45 bacteria
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47 bacterial species
48 catalogue
49 characterization
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52 complement
53 entire cohort harbours
54 fecal samples
55 function
56 gene catalog
57 gene complement
58 genes
59 genetic potential
60 genome
61 gigabases
62 gigabases of sequence
63 gut bacterial genome
64 gut metagenomes
65 gut microbes
66 gut microbial gene catalogue
67 health
68 human gene complement
69 human gut microbial gene catalogue
70 human health
71 human intestinal microbial genes
72 impact
73 individuals
74 intestinal microbial genes
75 large proportion
76 majority
77 metagenomes
78 metagenomic sequencing
79 microbes
80 microbial gene catalogue
81 microbial genes
82 minimal gut bacterial genome
83 minimal gut metagenome
84 most bacteria
85 non-redundant microbial genes
86 overwhelming majority
87 potential
88 prevalent (more frequent) microbial genes
89 prevalent bacterial species
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91 proportion
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