The Sorghum bicolor genome and the diversification of grasses View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-01

AUTHORS

Andrew H. Paterson, John E. Bowers, Rémy Bruggmann, Inna Dubchak, Jane Grimwood, Heidrun Gundlach, Georg Haberer, Uffe Hellsten, Therese Mitros, Alexander Poliakov, Jeremy Schmutz, Manuel Spannagl, Haibao Tang, Xiyin Wang, Thomas Wicker, Arvind K. Bharti, Jarrod Chapman, F. Alex Feltus, Udo Gowik, Igor V. Grigoriev, Eric Lyons, Christopher A. Maher, Mihaela Martis, Apurva Narechania, Robert P. Otillar, Bryan W. Penning, Asaf A. Salamov, Yu Wang, Lifang Zhang, Nicholas C. Carpita, Michael Freeling, Alan R. Gingle, C. Thomas Hash, Beat Keller, Patricia Klein, Stephen Kresovich, Maureen C. McCann, Ray Ming, Daniel G. Peterson, Mehboob-ur-Rahman, Doreen Ware, Peter Westhoff, Klaus F. X. Mayer, Joachim Messing, Daniel S. Rokhsar

ABSTRACT

Sorghum, an African grass related to sugar cane and maize, is grown for food, feed, fibre and fuel. We present an initial analysis of the ∼730-megabase Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench genome, placing ∼98% of genes in their chromosomal context using whole-genome shotgun sequence validated by genetic, physical and syntenic information. Genetic recombination is largely confined to about one-third of the sorghum genome with gene order and density similar to those of rice. Retrotransposon accumulation in recombinationally recalcitrant heterochromatin explains the ∼75% larger genome size of sorghum compared with rice. Although gene and repetitive DNA distributions have been preserved since palaeopolyploidization ∼70 million years ago, most duplicated gene sets lost one member before the sorghum–rice divergence. Concerted evolution makes one duplicated chromosomal segment appear to be only a few million years old. About 24% of genes are grass-specific and 7% are sorghum-specific. Recent gene and microRNA duplications may contribute to sorghum’s drought tolerance. More... »

PAGES

551-556

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

7229

VOLUME

457

Author Affiliations

  • Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
  • Waksman Institute for Microbiology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
  • DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California 94598, USA
  • Stanford Human Genome Center, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
  • MIPS/IBIS, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Inglostaedter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
  • Center for Integrative Genomics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
  • College of Sciences, Hebei Polytechnic University, Tangshan, Hebei 063000, China
  • Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
  • Department of Genetics and Biochemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29631, USA
  • Institut fur Entwicklungs und Molekularbiologie der Pflanzen, Heinrich-Heine-Universitat, Universitatsstrasse 1, D-40225 Dusseldorf, Germany
  • Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
  • Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA
  • Department of Biological Sciences,
  • Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
  • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru 502 324, India
  • Department of Horticulture and Institute for Plant Genomics and Biotechnology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
  • Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
  • Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
  • Mississippi Genome Exploration Laboratory, Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi 39762, USA
  • National Institute for Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering (NIBGE), Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • USDA NAA Robert Holley Center for Agriculture and Health, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
  • Related Patents

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07723

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature07723

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020371055

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19189423


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    33 schema:description Sorghum, an African grass related to sugar cane and maize, is grown for food, feed, fibre and fuel. We present an initial analysis of the ∼730-megabase Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench genome, placing ∼98% of genes in their chromosomal context using whole-genome shotgun sequence validated by genetic, physical and syntenic information. Genetic recombination is largely confined to about one-third of the sorghum genome with gene order and density similar to those of rice. Retrotransposon accumulation in recombinationally recalcitrant heterochromatin explains the ∼75% larger genome size of sorghum compared with rice. Although gene and repetitive DNA distributions have been preserved since palaeopolyploidization ∼70 million years ago, most duplicated gene sets lost one member before the sorghum–rice divergence. Concerted evolution makes one duplicated chromosomal segment appear to be only a few million years old. About 24% of genes are grass-specific and 7% are sorghum-specific. Recent gene and microRNA duplications may contribute to sorghum’s drought tolerance.
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