Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-02-05

AUTHORS

Keun Soo Kim, Yue Zhao, Houk Jang, Sang Yoon Lee, Jong Min Kim, Kwang S. Kim, Jong-Hyun Ahn, Philip Kim, Jae-Young Choi, Byung Hee Hong

ABSTRACT

Problems associated with large-scale pattern growth of graphene constitute one of the main obstacles to using this material in device applications. Recently, macroscopic-scale graphene films were prepared by two-dimensional assembly of graphene sheets chemically derived from graphite crystals and graphene oxides. However, the sheet resistance of these films was found to be much larger than theoretically expected values. Here we report the direct synthesis of large-scale graphene films using chemical vapour deposition on thin nickel layers, and present two different methods of patterning the films and transferring them to arbitrary substrates. The transferred graphene films show very low sheet resistance of approximately 280 Omega per square, with approximately 80 per cent optical transparency. At low temperatures, the monolayers transferred to silicon dioxide substrates show electron mobility greater than 3,700 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) and exhibit the half-integer quantum Hall effect, implying that the quality of graphene grown by chemical vapour deposition is as high as mechanically cleaved graphene. Employing the outstanding mechanical properties of graphene, we also demonstrate the macroscopic use of these highly conducting and transparent electrodes in flexible, stretchable, foldable electronics. More... »

PAGES

706

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

7230

VOLUME

457

Related Patents

  • Direct And Sequential Formation Of Monolayers Of Boron Nitride And Graphene On Substrates
  • Material Trivial Transfer Graphene
  • Method For Preparing Graphene By Using Two-Dimensional Confined Space Between The Layers Of Inorganic Layered Materials
  • Large Area Deposition And Doping Of Graphene, And Products Including The Same
  • Nanostructures With Strain-Induced Resistance
  • Graphene Device And Method Of Fabricating A Graphene Device
  • Graphene Mounted On Aerogel
  • Scalable, Printable, Patterned Sheet Of High Mobility Graphene On Flexible Substrates
  • Method For Separating Graphene From The Liquid Forming Matrix
  • Graphene Mounted On Aerogel
  • Graphene Mounted On Aerogel
  • Glass-Ceramics Substrates For Graphene Growth
  • Large-Area Single- And Few-Layer Graphene On Arbitrary Substrates
  • Methods For Manufacturing Nonplanar Graphite-Based Devices Having Multiple Bandgaps
  • Fabrication Of Tunneling Junction For Nanopore Dna Sequencing
  • Two-Dimensional (2d) Material Element With In-Plane Metal Chalcogenide-Based Heterojunctions And Devices Including Said Element
  • Large Area Deposition And Doping Of Graphene, And Products Including The Same
  • Graphene-Based Nanodevices For Terahertz Electronics
  • Dna Sequencing Using Multiple Metal Layer Structure With Different Organic Coatings Forming Different Transient Bondings To Dna
  • Graphene Synthesis.
  • Electrical And Optical Devices Incorporating Topological Materials Including Topological Insulators
  • Method For Producing Graphene Film, Method For Manufacturing Electronic Element, And Method For Transferring Graphene Film To Substrate
  • Nanopore Based Device For Cutting Long Dna Molecules Into Fragments
  • Method For Preparing Graphene
  • Manufacture Of Graphene-Based Apparatus
  • Three-Dimensional (3d) Printing Of Graphene Materials
  • Fabrication Of Tunneling Junction For Nanopore Dna Sequencing
  • Dna Sequencing Using Multiple Metal Layer Structure With Organic Coatings Forming Transient Bonding To Dna Bases
  • Method For Synthesis Of High Quality Graphene
  • Direct Synthesis Of Patterned Graphene By Deposition
  • Method For Producing Graphene, Graphene Produced On Substrate, And Graphene On Substrate
  • Nanogap Device With Capped Nanowire Structures
  • Dna Sequence Using Multiple Metal Layer Structure With Different Organic Coatings Forming Different Transient Bondings To Dna
  • Graphene Structure, Method For Producing The Same, Electronic Device Element And Electronic Device
  • Graphene Protective Film Serving As A Gas And Moisture Barrier, Method For Forming Same, And Use Thereof
  • Piezoelectric Apparatuses, Systems And Methods Therefor
  • Graphene Prepared By Using Edge Functionalization Of Graphite
  • Graphene-Based Nanodevices For Terahertz Electronics
  • Roll-To-Roll Transfer Method Of Graphene, Graphene Roll Produced By The Method, And Roll-To-Roll Transfer Equipment For Graphene
  • Method Of Fabricating Display Apparatus And Display Apparatus Fabricated Thereby
  • Chemical Vapor Deposition Graphene Foam Electrodes For Pseudo-Capacitors
  • Method Of Manufacturing A Structure Comprising A Graphene Sheet Provided With Metal Pins, Structure Thus Obtained And Use Thereof
  • Large Area Deposition And Doping Of Graphene, And Products Including The Same
  • Method For Producing Graphene, Graphene Produced On Substrate, And Graphene On Substrate
  • Large Area Deposition And Doping Of Graphene, And Products Including The Same
  • Carbon-Based Semiconductors
  • Flexible, Expandable, Patterned Electrode With Non-Conducting Substrate
  • Direct Formation Of Graphene On Semiconductor Substrates
  • System And Method For Detecting Number Of Layers Of A Few-Layer Graphene
  • Method For Producing Graphene Film, Method For Manufacturing Electronic Element, And Method For Transferring Graphene Film To Substrate
  • Method Of Laser Direct Synthesis Of Graphene
  • Graphene-Based Photovoltaic Device
  • Large Area Deposition And Doping Of Graphene, And Products Including The Same
  • Large Area Deposition Of Graphene On Substrates, And Products Including The Same
  • Method For Preparing Graphene Using Photosensitizer
  • Methods Of Controllably Forming Bernal-Stacked Graphene Layers
  • Large Area Deposition Of Graphene Hetero-Epitaxial Growth, And Products Including The Same
  • Transparent And Flexible Neural Electrode Arrays
  • Method For Transferring A Graphene Layer
  • Methods And Apparatus Concerning Multi-Tactile Sensitive (E-Skin) Pressure Sensors
  • Silicon-Graphene Waveguide Photodetectors, Optically Active Elements And Microelectromechanical Devices
  • High-Throughput Imaging Of Graphene Based Sheets By Fluorescence Quenching Microscopy And Applications Of Same
  • Graphene-Encapsulated Nanoparticle-Based Biosensor For The Selective Detection Of Biomarkers
  • Large-Area Single- And Few-Layer Graphene On Arbitrary Substrates
  • Large Area Deposition Of Graphene Hetero-Epitaxial Growth, And Products Including The Same
  • Nanogap Device With Capped Nanowire Structures
  • Large Area Deposition Of Graphene On Substrates, And Products Including The Same
  • Doped Graphene Films With Reduced Sheet Resistance
  • Functionally Switchable Self-Assembled Coating Compound For Controlling Translocation Of Molecule Through Nanopores
  • Method For Transfering A Graphene Layer
  • Direct Formation Of Graphene On Semiconductor Substrates
  • Large Area Deposition And Doping Of Graphene, And Products Including The Same
  • Functionally Switchable Self-Assembled Coating Compound For Controlling Translocation Of Molecule Through Nanopores
  • Direct Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Graphene On Dielectric Surfaces
  • Method Of Preparing Carbon Thin Film, Electronics Comprising Carbon Thin Film, And Electrochemical Device Comprising Carbon Thin Film
  • Synthesis And Applications Of Graphene Based Nanomaterials
  • Doped Graphene Electronic Materials
  • Graphene Electrodes For Electronic Devices
  • Manufacturable Sub-3 Nanometer Palladium Gap Devices For Fixed Electrode Tunneling Recognition
  • Semiconductor-Graphene Hybrids Formed Using Solution Growth
  • Graphene-Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Materials And Use As Electrodes
  • Direct And Sequential Formation Of Monolayers Of Boron Nitride And Graphene On Substrates
  • Method Of Producing Graphene
  • Method For The Controlled Growth Of A Graphene Film
  • Graphene Protective Film Serving As A Gas And Moisture Barrier, Method For Forming Same, And Use Thereof
  • Manufacture Of Graphene-Based Apparatus
  • Electrical And Optical Devices Incorporating Topological Materials Including Topological Insulators
  • Imaging Devices For Measuring The Structure Of A Surface
  • Large Area Deposition Of Graphene Hetero-Epitaxial Growth, And Products Including The Same
  • Debonding And Transfer Techniques For Hetero-Epitaxially Grown Graphene, And Products Including The Same
  • Edge-Functionalized Graphitic Material Through Mechanochemical Process And Manufacturing Method Thereof
  • Methods For Production Of Single-Crystal Graphenes
  • Method Of Manufacturing A Flexible And/Or Stretchable Electronic Device
  • Electromechanical Devices And Methods For Fabrication Of The Same
  • Nanopore Based Device For Cutting Long Dna Molecules Into Fragments
  • Graphene-Based Nanodevices For Terahertz Electronics
  • Doped Graphene Films With Reduced Sheet Resistance
  • Doped Graphene Films With Reduced Sheet Resistance
  • Electron Beam Sculpting Of Tunneling Junction For Nanopore Dna Sequencing
  • Graphene Mounted On Aerogel
  • Method For The Controlled Growth Of A Graphene Film
  • Vapor-Trapping Growth Of Single-Crystalline Graphene Flowers
  • Electromechanical Devices And Methods For Fabrication Of The Same
  • Large Area Deposition And Doping Of Graphene, And Products Including The Same
  • Graphene Mounted On Aerogel
  • Material Trivial Transfer Graphene
  • Graphene-Based Gas And Bio Sensor With High Sensitivity And Selectivity
  • Electron Beam Sculpting Of Tunneling Junction For Nanopore Dna Sequencing
  • Manufacturable Sub-3 Nanometer Palladium Gap Devices For Fixed Electrode Tunneling Recognition
  • Dna Sequencing Using Multiple Metal Layer Structure With Different Organic Coatings Forming Different Transient Bondings To Dna
  • Graphene Mounted On Aerogel
  • Surface Area-Based Pressure Sensing
  • Conductive Polymer On A Textured Or Plastic Substrate
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07719

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature07719

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010521124

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19145232


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemistry,", 
                "SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology,", 
                "Center for Nanotubes and Nanostructured Composites, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Keun Soo", 
            "id": "sg:person.01270131634.33", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01270131634.33"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Columbia University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhao", 
            "givenName": "Yue", 
            "id": "sg:person.01011714101.46", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011714101.46"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering,"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Jang", 
            "givenName": "Houk", 
            "id": "sg:person.0612640734.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612640734.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Samsung (South Korea)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419666.a", 
              "name": [
                "Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, PO Box 111, Suwon 440-600, Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lee", 
            "givenName": "Sang Yoon", 
            "id": "sg:person.016247372347.63", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016247372347.63"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Samsung (South Korea)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419666.a", 
              "name": [
                "Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, PO Box 111, Suwon 440-600, Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Jong Min", 
            "id": "sg:person.0644250746.96", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0644250746.96"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Pohang University of Science and Technology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.49100.3c", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemistry, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Kwang S.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01027766100.35", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01027766100.35"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering,", 
                "SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology,"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ahn", 
            "givenName": "Jong-Hyun", 
            "id": "sg:person.01043315734.62", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01043315734.62"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Columbia University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f", 
              "name": [
                "SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology,", 
                "Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Philip", 
            "id": "sg:person.0722660612.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0722660612.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Samsung (South Korea)", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419666.a", 
              "name": [
                "Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, PO Box 111, Suwon 440-600, Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Choi", 
            "givenName": "Jae-Young", 
            "id": "sg:person.01012652721.91", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01012652721.91"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Sungkyunkwan University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemistry,", 
                "SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology,", 
                "Center for Nanotubes and Nanostructured Composites, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hong", 
            "givenName": "Byung Hee", 
            "id": "sg:person.01256100673.61", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256100673.61"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.210", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001026324", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.210"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061831", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04233"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061831", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04233"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061831", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04233"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.97.187401", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001174697"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.97.187401", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001174697"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2982585", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003048201"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.98.206805", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008582960"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.98.206805", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008582960"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009714128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04235"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009714128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04235"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009714128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04235"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2006.131", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010301980", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2006.131"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2006.131", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010301980", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2006.131"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1369-7021(06)71446-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012267371"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1157996", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015876496"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1150878", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017724475"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1102896", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019008412"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1156965", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019630779"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature06016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021073448", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06016"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2007.451", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025138385", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2007.451"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.83", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027154969", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.83"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029345003", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029345003", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029345003", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121401", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029543079"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1130681", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030731383"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1154367", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033721949"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2008.02.024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034642959"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2166", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036191349", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2166"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl801827v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040491531"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl801827v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040491531"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1125925", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040736915"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1160309", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043695413"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1136836", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044176639"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature07113", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046213418", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07113"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2007.05.028", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048551375"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1849", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052791836", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1849"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl072203s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056217484"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl072203s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056217484"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.287.5452.465", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062568080"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2009-02-05", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2009-02-05", 
        "description": "Problems associated with large-scale pattern growth of graphene constitute one of the main obstacles to using this material in device applications. Recently, macroscopic-scale graphene films were prepared by two-dimensional assembly of graphene sheets chemically derived from graphite crystals and graphene oxides. However, the sheet resistance of these films was found to be much larger than theoretically expected values. Here we report the direct synthesis of large-scale graphene films using chemical vapour deposition on thin nickel layers, and present two different methods of patterning the films and transferring them to arbitrary substrates. The transferred graphene films show very low sheet resistance of approximately 280 Omega per square, with approximately 80 per cent optical transparency. At low temperatures, the monolayers transferred to silicon dioxide substrates show electron mobility greater than 3,700 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) and exhibit the half-integer quantum Hall effect, implying that the quality of graphene grown by chemical vapour deposition is as high as mechanically cleaved graphene. Employing the outstanding mechanical properties of graphene, we also demonstrate the macroscopic use of these highly conducting and transparent electrodes in flexible, stretchable, foldable electronics.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature07719", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
            "issn": [
              "0090-0028", 
              "1476-4687"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "7230", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "457"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes", 
        "pagination": "706", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "321f8a3239342b525fa5772c6550a4c7b15cb66cdd97a10e03328204432a70eb"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "19145232"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "0410462"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/nature07719"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1010521124"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07719", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010521124"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T01:46", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8700_00000422.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/nature07719"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07719'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07719'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07719'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07719'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    250 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      58 URIs      20 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/nature07719 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author N8647fb937caa4836974209b3e94278be
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233
    5 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235
    6 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969
    7 sg:pub.10.1038/nature06016
    8 sg:pub.10.1038/nature07113
    9 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1849
    10 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2166
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2006.131
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2007.451
    13 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.210
    14 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.83
    15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2007.05.028
    16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2008.02.024
    17 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1369-7021(06)71446-8
    18 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl072203s
    19 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl801827v
    20 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2982585
    21 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.97.187401
    22 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.98.206805
    23 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1102896
    24 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121401
    25 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1125925
    26 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1130681
    27 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1136836
    28 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1150878
    29 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1154367
    30 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1156965
    31 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1157996
    32 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1160309
    33 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.287.5452.465
    34 schema:datePublished 2009-02-05
    35 schema:datePublishedReg 2009-02-05
    36 schema:description Problems associated with large-scale pattern growth of graphene constitute one of the main obstacles to using this material in device applications. Recently, macroscopic-scale graphene films were prepared by two-dimensional assembly of graphene sheets chemically derived from graphite crystals and graphene oxides. However, the sheet resistance of these films was found to be much larger than theoretically expected values. Here we report the direct synthesis of large-scale graphene films using chemical vapour deposition on thin nickel layers, and present two different methods of patterning the films and transferring them to arbitrary substrates. The transferred graphene films show very low sheet resistance of approximately 280 Omega per square, with approximately 80 per cent optical transparency. At low temperatures, the monolayers transferred to silicon dioxide substrates show electron mobility greater than 3,700 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) and exhibit the half-integer quantum Hall effect, implying that the quality of graphene grown by chemical vapour deposition is as high as mechanically cleaved graphene. Employing the outstanding mechanical properties of graphene, we also demonstrate the macroscopic use of these highly conducting and transparent electrodes in flexible, stretchable, foldable electronics.
    37 schema:genre research_article
    38 schema:inLanguage en
    39 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    40 schema:isPartOf N36f66fc78cba400aacb2566dbbd75b54
    41 Nd3d355a6000e47139303335baf108984
    42 sg:journal.1018957
    43 schema:name Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes
    44 schema:pagination 706
    45 schema:productId N20f816559db84af796fff1a235ba5451
    46 N6b323485c5f74944b1a2793d96241156
    47 N8c2c465a5c594c70b21b4dcdd5b6707d
    48 N93782b18d4ca4923ae2e120f4ab45094
    49 Nef13e4a6dbe4497a8895e0a1ef492a5d
    50 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010521124
    51 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07719
    52 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T01:46
    53 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    54 schema:sdPublisher N18bc4a9c210d49c2b4c7a1fbd2e3e3ea
    55 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/nature07719
    56 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    57 sgo:sdDataset articles
    58 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    59 N01a53e1858bf49e1ab61535b420c44fa rdf:first sg:person.01027766100.35
    60 rdf:rest N10daf67adcd74fbe823b2f2e732f3361
    61 N02441361f45647a7bf4129c5a9479940 schema:name School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering,
    62 rdf:type schema:Organization
    63 N10daf67adcd74fbe823b2f2e732f3361 rdf:first sg:person.01043315734.62
    64 rdf:rest Nb852628c8395414daa82a691a7e1efe9
    65 N18bc4a9c210d49c2b4c7a1fbd2e3e3ea schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    66 rdf:type schema:Organization
    67 N20f816559db84af796fff1a235ba5451 schema:name dimensions_id
    68 schema:value pub.1010521124
    69 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    70 N294d469560594c49b0f29552957caca8 rdf:first sg:person.0612640734.31
    71 rdf:rest N9166bc55fff84faa8fd6cf964f0c7f27
    72 N2d923c3efeb24c9e8fd3068a0665bc63 rdf:first sg:person.0644250746.96
    73 rdf:rest N01a53e1858bf49e1ab61535b420c44fa
    74 N36f66fc78cba400aacb2566dbbd75b54 schema:issueNumber 7230
    75 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    76 N64ef09e390dd4923a60e422df7614973 rdf:first sg:person.01012652721.91
    77 rdf:rest Ned87baba594344de97faf874aece7265
    78 N6b323485c5f74944b1a2793d96241156 schema:name pubmed_id
    79 schema:value 19145232
    80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    81 N8647fb937caa4836974209b3e94278be rdf:first sg:person.01270131634.33
    82 rdf:rest N9053a6dbda314a8084a744f230c00f1d
    83 N8c2c465a5c594c70b21b4dcdd5b6707d schema:name nlm_unique_id
    84 schema:value 0410462
    85 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    86 N9053a6dbda314a8084a744f230c00f1d rdf:first sg:person.01011714101.46
    87 rdf:rest N294d469560594c49b0f29552957caca8
    88 N9166bc55fff84faa8fd6cf964f0c7f27 rdf:first sg:person.016247372347.63
    89 rdf:rest N2d923c3efeb24c9e8fd3068a0665bc63
    90 N93782b18d4ca4923ae2e120f4ab45094 schema:name doi
    91 schema:value 10.1038/nature07719
    92 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    93 Nb852628c8395414daa82a691a7e1efe9 rdf:first sg:person.0722660612.29
    94 rdf:rest N64ef09e390dd4923a60e422df7614973
    95 Nc7280e6b733c464a9cc1a03c99add6ae schema:name SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology,
    96 School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering,
    97 rdf:type schema:Organization
    98 Nd3d355a6000e47139303335baf108984 schema:volumeNumber 457
    99 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    100 Ned87baba594344de97faf874aece7265 rdf:first sg:person.01256100673.61
    101 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    102 Nef13e4a6dbe4497a8895e0a1ef492a5d schema:name readcube_id
    103 schema:value 321f8a3239342b525fa5772c6550a4c7b15cb66cdd97a10e03328204432a70eb
    104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    105 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    106 schema:name Engineering
    107 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    108 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    109 schema:name Materials Engineering
    110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    111 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
    112 1476-4687
    113 schema:name Nature
    114 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    115 sg:person.01011714101.46 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f
    116 schema:familyName Zhao
    117 schema:givenName Yue
    118 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011714101.46
    119 rdf:type schema:Person
    120 sg:person.01012652721.91 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419666.a
    121 schema:familyName Choi
    122 schema:givenName Jae-Young
    123 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01012652721.91
    124 rdf:type schema:Person
    125 sg:person.01027766100.35 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.49100.3c
    126 schema:familyName Kim
    127 schema:givenName Kwang S.
    128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01027766100.35
    129 rdf:type schema:Person
    130 sg:person.01043315734.62 schema:affiliation Nc7280e6b733c464a9cc1a03c99add6ae
    131 schema:familyName Ahn
    132 schema:givenName Jong-Hyun
    133 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01043315734.62
    134 rdf:type schema:Person
    135 sg:person.01256100673.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
    136 schema:familyName Hong
    137 schema:givenName Byung Hee
    138 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256100673.61
    139 rdf:type schema:Person
    140 sg:person.01270131634.33 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a
    141 schema:familyName Kim
    142 schema:givenName Keun Soo
    143 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01270131634.33
    144 rdf:type schema:Person
    145 sg:person.016247372347.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419666.a
    146 schema:familyName Lee
    147 schema:givenName Sang Yoon
    148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016247372347.63
    149 rdf:type schema:Person
    150 sg:person.0612640734.31 schema:affiliation N02441361f45647a7bf4129c5a9479940
    151 schema:familyName Jang
    152 schema:givenName Houk
    153 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612640734.31
    154 rdf:type schema:Person
    155 sg:person.0644250746.96 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419666.a
    156 schema:familyName Kim
    157 schema:givenName Jong Min
    158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0644250746.96
    159 rdf:type schema:Person
    160 sg:person.0722660612.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f
    161 schema:familyName Kim
    162 schema:givenName Philip
    163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0722660612.29
    164 rdf:type schema:Person
    165 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061831
    166 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04233
    167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    168 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009714128
    169 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04235
    170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    171 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029345003
    172 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04969
    173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    174 sg:pub.10.1038/nature06016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021073448
    175 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06016
    176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    177 sg:pub.10.1038/nature07113 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046213418
    178 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07113
    179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    180 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1849 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052791836
    181 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1849
    182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    183 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036191349
    184 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2166
    185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    186 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2006.131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010301980
    187 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2006.131
    188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    189 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2007.451 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025138385
    190 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2007.451
    191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    192 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.210 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001026324
    193 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.210
    194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    195 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027154969
    196 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.83
    197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    198 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2007.05.028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048551375
    199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    200 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2008.02.024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034642959
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1369-7021(06)71446-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012267371
    203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    204 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl072203s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056217484
    205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    206 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl801827v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040491531
    207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    208 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2982585 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003048201
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.97.187401 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001174697
    211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    212 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.98.206805 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008582960
    213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    214 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1102896 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019008412
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121401 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029543079
    217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    218 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1125925 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040736915
    219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    220 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1130681 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030731383
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1136836 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044176639
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1150878 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017724475
    225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    226 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1154367 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033721949
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1156965 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019630779
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1157996 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015876496
    231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    232 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1160309 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043695413
    233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    234 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.287.5452.465 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062568080
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f schema:alternateName Columbia University
    237 schema:name Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    238 SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology,
    239 rdf:type schema:Organization
    240 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264381.a schema:alternateName Sungkyunkwan University
    241 schema:name Center for Nanotubes and Nanostructured Composites, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea
    242 Department of Chemistry,
    243 SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology,
    244 rdf:type schema:Organization
    245 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419666.a schema:alternateName Samsung (South Korea)
    246 schema:name Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, PO Box 111, Suwon 440-600, Korea
    247 rdf:type schema:Organization
    248 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.49100.3c schema:alternateName Pohang University of Science and Technology
    249 schema:name Department of Chemistry, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, Korea
    250 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...