Observation of the spin Seebeck effect View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-10

AUTHORS

K. Uchida, S. Takahashi, K. Harii, J. Ieda, W. Koshibae, K. Ando, S. Maekawa, E. Saitoh

ABSTRACT

Thermospintronics: spintronics just got hotterIn 1821, Thomas Johann Seebeck found that electricity is generated from heat: the thermoelectric or Seebeck effect is used to generate electric power and also in the thermocouple, commonly used for temperature sensing. In the thermocouple two pieces of metal with different Seebeck coefficients, which determine the ratio of generated voltage to the temperature difference, are connected to each other. In theory there should be a 'spintronic' equivalent of the thermocouple — and now there is one in practice. Uchida et al. used a recently developed spin detection technique based on the spin Hall effect to demonstrate the spin-Seebeck effect for the first time, using it to obtain pure spin currents, a flow of spins without electric currents, over millimetre distances. The spin-Seebeck effect can generate the 'spin power' to drive spintronic devices, opening the way to the development of thermospintronics. More... »

PAGES

778-781

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07321

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature07321

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047234331

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18843364


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26091.3c", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Uchida", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01254703356.13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01254703356.13"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6", 
          "name": [
            "Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan", 
            "CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Takahashi", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014507330771.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014507330771.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26091.3c", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Harii", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011127063202.75", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011127063202.75"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6", 
          "name": [
            "Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan", 
            "CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ieda", 
        "givenName": "J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01032735614.30", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01032735614.30"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Cross-Correlated Materials Research Group, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7597.c", 
          "name": [
            "Cross-Correlated Materials Research Group, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Koshibae", 
        "givenName": "W.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01021461033.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01021461033.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26091.3c", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ando", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01000407555.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01000407555.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6", 
          "name": [
            "Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan", 
            "CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Maekawa", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01325141510.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01325141510.10"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419082.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan", 
            "PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saitoh", 
        "givenName": "E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01204022633.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01204022633.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35066533", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006965625", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35066533"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2098", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010789187", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2098"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2024", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002220407", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2024"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-09298-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010521988", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-09298-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04937", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024306812", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04937"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2008-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2008-10-01", 
    "description": "Thermospintronics: spintronics just got hotterIn 1821, Thomas Johann Seebeck found that electricity is generated from heat: the thermoelectric or Seebeck effect is used to generate electric power and also in the thermocouple, commonly used for temperature sensing. In the thermocouple two pieces of metal with different Seebeck coefficients, which determine the ratio of generated voltage to the temperature difference, are connected to each other. In theory there should be a 'spintronic' equivalent of the thermocouple \u2014 and now there is one in practice. Uchida et al. used a recently developed spin detection technique based on the spin Hall effect to demonstrate the spin-Seebeck effect for the first time, using it to obtain pure spin currents, a flow of spins without electric currents, over millimetre distances. The spin-Seebeck effect can generate the 'spin power' to drive spintronic devices, opening the way to the development of thermospintronics.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature07321", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.6537063", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.6536978", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0028-0836", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "7214", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "455"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "spin Seebeck effect", 
      "flow of spins", 
      "Seebeck effect", 
      "pure spin current", 
      "different Seebeck coefficients", 
      "spin Hall effect", 
      "spin current", 
      "spintronic devices", 
      "electric power", 
      "Hall effect", 
      "temperature difference", 
      "Seebeck coefficient", 
      "electric current", 
      "piece of metal", 
      "thermocouples", 
      "spintronics", 
      "current", 
      "spin", 
      "electricity", 
      "thermoelectrics", 
      "voltage", 
      "Seebeck", 
      "power", 
      "theory", 
      "detection techniques", 
      "heat", 
      "devices", 
      "temperature", 
      "flow", 
      "metals", 
      "coefficient", 
      "first time", 
      "effect", 
      "technique", 
      "distance", 
      "ratio", 
      "observations", 
      "time", 
      "way", 
      "pieces", 
      "development", 
      "equivalent", 
      "differences", 
      "practice"
    ], 
    "name": "Observation of the spin Seebeck effect", 
    "pagination": "778-781", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1047234331"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/nature07321"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "18843364"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07321", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047234331"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:27", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_464.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07321"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07321'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07321'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07321'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature07321'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

188 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      75 URIs      62 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/nature07321 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author N0663f7eaf6f740b88a1a68b27b974739
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-09298-9
5 sg:pub.10.1038/35066533
6 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04937
7 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2024
8 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2098
9 schema:datePublished 2008-10
10 schema:datePublishedReg 2008-10-01
11 schema:description Thermospintronics: spintronics just got hotterIn 1821, Thomas Johann Seebeck found that electricity is generated from heat: the thermoelectric or Seebeck effect is used to generate electric power and also in the thermocouple, commonly used for temperature sensing. In the thermocouple two pieces of metal with different Seebeck coefficients, which determine the ratio of generated voltage to the temperature difference, are connected to each other. In theory there should be a 'spintronic' equivalent of the thermocouple — and now there is one in practice. Uchida et al. used a recently developed spin detection technique based on the spin Hall effect to demonstrate the spin-Seebeck effect for the first time, using it to obtain pure spin currents, a flow of spins without electric currents, over millimetre distances. The spin-Seebeck effect can generate the 'spin power' to drive spintronic devices, opening the way to the development of thermospintronics.
12 schema:genre article
13 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
14 schema:isPartOf N222278592efc4fe0a1e2afd103a632c0
15 N3560bf6ea9674baf9d7668254eaa1dc9
16 sg:journal.1018957
17 schema:keywords Hall effect
18 Seebeck
19 Seebeck coefficient
20 Seebeck effect
21 coefficient
22 current
23 detection techniques
24 development
25 devices
26 differences
27 different Seebeck coefficients
28 distance
29 effect
30 electric current
31 electric power
32 electricity
33 equivalent
34 first time
35 flow
36 flow of spins
37 heat
38 metals
39 observations
40 piece of metal
41 pieces
42 power
43 practice
44 pure spin current
45 ratio
46 spin
47 spin Hall effect
48 spin Seebeck effect
49 spin current
50 spintronic devices
51 spintronics
52 technique
53 temperature
54 temperature difference
55 theory
56 thermocouples
57 thermoelectrics
58 time
59 voltage
60 way
61 schema:name Observation of the spin Seebeck effect
62 schema:pagination 778-781
63 schema:productId N490b0d03a354458a9729d88027024f09
64 N974e026ad1004d69b10a0315f36b38ab
65 Nf150051b1b814ae482d13d6ef522e811
66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047234331
67 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07321
68 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:27
69 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
70 schema:sdPublisher Nb54a9995a3ad4ff5947a280865a19b2c
71 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07321
72 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
73 sgo:sdDataset articles
74 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
75 N00eee668299140058370946731b17d70 rdf:first sg:person.01325141510.10
76 rdf:rest N7f6769d475bf4bc689c106025157375d
77 N0663f7eaf6f740b88a1a68b27b974739 rdf:first sg:person.01254703356.13
78 rdf:rest N3702ea3f7a504032a1b1d997ce58ea3f
79 N222278592efc4fe0a1e2afd103a632c0 schema:issueNumber 7214
80 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
81 N3560bf6ea9674baf9d7668254eaa1dc9 schema:volumeNumber 455
82 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
83 N35cb6dff75524501ab65b3a728692986 rdf:first sg:person.01021461033.88
84 rdf:rest N3731e6dd64ef4d459307588ccd842b82
85 N3702ea3f7a504032a1b1d997ce58ea3f rdf:first sg:person.014507330771.36
86 rdf:rest Nd43d4eb907984e98bd52279ea40600c1
87 N3731e6dd64ef4d459307588ccd842b82 rdf:first sg:person.01000407555.45
88 rdf:rest N00eee668299140058370946731b17d70
89 N490b0d03a354458a9729d88027024f09 schema:name dimensions_id
90 schema:value pub.1047234331
91 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
92 N7f6769d475bf4bc689c106025157375d rdf:first sg:person.01204022633.36
93 rdf:rest rdf:nil
94 N974e026ad1004d69b10a0315f36b38ab schema:name pubmed_id
95 schema:value 18843364
96 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
97 Nb54a9995a3ad4ff5947a280865a19b2c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
98 rdf:type schema:Organization
99 Nd43d4eb907984e98bd52279ea40600c1 rdf:first sg:person.011127063202.75
100 rdf:rest Nfce5b895140d408db3438ab13ca04c8a
101 Nf150051b1b814ae482d13d6ef522e811 schema:name doi
102 schema:value 10.1038/nature07321
103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
104 Nfce5b895140d408db3438ab13ca04c8a rdf:first sg:person.01032735614.30
105 rdf:rest N35cb6dff75524501ab65b3a728692986
106 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
107 schema:name Engineering
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
110 schema:name Materials Engineering
111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
112 sg:grant.6536978 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/nature07321
113 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
114 sg:grant.6537063 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/nature07321
115 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
116 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0028-0836
117 1476-4687
118 schema:name Nature
119 schema:publisher Springer Nature
120 rdf:type schema:Periodical
121 sg:person.01000407555.45 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.26091.3c
122 schema:familyName Ando
123 schema:givenName K.
124 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01000407555.45
125 rdf:type schema:Person
126 sg:person.01021461033.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.7597.c
127 schema:familyName Koshibae
128 schema:givenName W.
129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01021461033.88
130 rdf:type schema:Person
131 sg:person.01032735614.30 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419082.6
132 schema:familyName Ieda
133 schema:givenName J.
134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01032735614.30
135 rdf:type schema:Person
136 sg:person.011127063202.75 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.26091.3c
137 schema:familyName Harii
138 schema:givenName K.
139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011127063202.75
140 rdf:type schema:Person
141 sg:person.01204022633.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419082.6
142 schema:familyName Saitoh
143 schema:givenName E.
144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01204022633.36
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 sg:person.01254703356.13 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.26091.3c
147 schema:familyName Uchida
148 schema:givenName K.
149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01254703356.13
150 rdf:type schema:Person
151 sg:person.01325141510.10 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419082.6
152 schema:familyName Maekawa
153 schema:givenName S.
154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01325141510.10
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 sg:person.014507330771.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419082.6
157 schema:familyName Takahashi
158 schema:givenName S.
159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014507330771.36
160 rdf:type schema:Person
161 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-09298-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010521988
162 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-09298-9
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 sg:pub.10.1038/35066533 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006965625
165 https://doi.org/10.1038/35066533
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04937 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024306812
168 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04937
169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
170 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002220407
171 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2024
172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
173 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2098 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010789187
174 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2098
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 grid-institutes:grid.26091.3c schema:alternateName Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan
177 schema:name Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan
178 rdf:type schema:Organization
179 grid-institutes:grid.419082.6 schema:alternateName CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan
180 PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan
181 schema:name CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan
182 Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan
183 Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan
184 PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan
185 rdf:type schema:Organization
186 grid-institutes:grid.7597.c schema:alternateName Cross-Correlated Materials Research Group, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
187 schema:name Cross-Correlated Materials Research Group, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
188 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...