Global variation in copy number in the human genome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-11

AUTHORS

Richard Redon, Shumpei Ishikawa, Karen R. Fitch, Lars Feuk, George H. Perry, T. Daniel Andrews, Heike Fiegler, Michael H. Shapero, Andrew R. Carson, Wenwei Chen, Eun Kyung Cho, Stephanie Dallaire, Jennifer L. Freeman, Juan R. González, Mònica Gratacòs, Jing Huang, Dimitrios Kalaitzopoulos, Daisuke Komura, Jeffrey R. MacDonald, Christian R. Marshall, Rui Mei, Lyndal Montgomery, Kunihiro Nishimura, Kohji Okamura, Fan Shen, Martin J. Somerville, Joelle Tchinda, Armand Valsesia, Cara Woodwark, Fengtang Yang, Junjun Zhang, Tatiana Zerjal, Jane Zhang, Lluis Armengol, Donald F. Conrad, Xavier Estivill, Chris Tyler-Smith, Nigel P. Carter, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Charles Lee, Keith W. Jones, Stephen W. Scherer, Matthew E. Hurles

ABSTRACT

Copy number variation (CNV) of DNA sequences is functionally significant but has yet to be fully ascertained. We have constructed a first-generation CNV map of the human genome through the study of 270 individuals from four populations with ancestry in Europe, Africa or Asia (the HapMap collection). DNA from these individuals was screened for CNV using two complementary technologies: single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping arrays, and clone-based comparative genomic hybridization. A total of 1,447 copy number variable regions (CNVRs), which can encompass overlapping or adjacent gains or losses, covering 360 megabases (12% of the genome) were identified in these populations. These CNVRs contained hundreds of genes, disease loci, functional elements and segmental duplications. Notably, the CNVRs encompassed more nucleotide content per genome than SNPs, underscoring the importance of CNV in genetic diversity and evolution. The data obtained delineate linkage disequilibrium patterns for many CNVs, and reveal marked variation in copy number among populations. We also demonstrate the utility of this resource for genetic disease studies. More... »

PAGES

444-454

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature

    ISSUE

    7118

    VOLUME

    444

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature05329

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature05329

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052925490

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17122850


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