Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-10

AUTHORS

Bradley J. Cardinale, Diane S. Srivastava, J. Emmett Duffy, Justin P. Wright, Amy L. Downing, Mahesh Sankaran, Claire Jouseau

ABSTRACT

Over the past decade, accelerating rates of species extinction have prompted an increasing number of studies to reduce species diversity experimentally and examine how this alters the efficiency by which communities capture resources and convert those into biomass. So far, the generality of patterns and processes observed in individual studies have been the subjects of considerable debate. Here we present a formal meta-analysis of studies that have experimentally manipulated species diversity to examine how it affects the functioning of numerous trophic groups in multiple types of ecosystem. We show that the average effect of decreasing species richness is to decrease the abundance or biomass of the focal trophic group, leading to less complete depletion of resources used by that group. At the same time, analyses reveal that the standing stock of, and resource depletion by, the most species-rich polyculture tends to be no different from that of the single most productive species used in an experiment. Of the known mechanisms that might explain these trends, results are most consistent with what is called the 'sampling effect', which occurs when diverse communities are more likely to contain and become dominated by the most productive species. Whether this mechanism is widespread in natural communities is currently controversial. Patterns we report are remarkably consistent for four different trophic groups (producers, herbivores, detritivores and predators) and two major ecosystem types (aquatic and terrestrial). Collectively, our analyses suggest that the average species loss does indeed affect the functioning of a wide variety of organisms and ecosystems, but the magnitude of these effects is ultimately determined by the identity of species that are going extinct. More... »

PAGES

989

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature05202

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature05202

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009873707

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17066035


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Ecology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Animals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Biodiversity", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Biomass", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Ecosystem", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Extinction, Biological", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Food Chain", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Models, Biological", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Population Density", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of California, Santa Barbara", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.133342.4", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cardinale", 
        "givenName": "Bradley J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0732466171.68", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0732466171.68"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of British Columbia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17091.3e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Srivastava", 
        "givenName": "Diane S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01173434436.11", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01173434436.11"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "College of William & Mary", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264889.9", 
          "name": [
            "Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, Virginia 23062, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Duffy", 
        "givenName": "J. Emmett", 
        "id": "sg:person.01105010553.65", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01105010553.65"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Duke University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26009.3d", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wright", 
        "givenName": "Justin P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01012447741.47", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01012447741.47"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ohio Wesleyan University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261343.1", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Zoology, Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio 43015, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Downing", 
        "givenName": "Amy L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0656323575.57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0656323575.57"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Leeds", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9909.9", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Integrative & Comparative Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sankaran", 
        "givenName": "Mahesh", 
        "id": "sg:person.0644754701.27", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0644754701.27"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Columbia University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jouseau", 
        "givenName": "Claire", 
        "id": "sg:person.0632372136.31", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0632372136.31"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050180", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007976911", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050180"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1999)080[1150:tmaorr]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008402657"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35075055", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009627320", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35075055"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35075055", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009627320", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35075055"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/368734a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009699829", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/368734a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.94.5.1857", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011327521"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/47023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012871550", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/47023"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/47023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012871550", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/47023"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/416837a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017066546", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/416837a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/416837a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017066546", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/416837a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.13254.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019485205"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193602000-00018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020280197"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193602000-00018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020280197"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193602000-00018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020280197"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1064088", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021435857"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(1999)009[0893:eeobac]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022482316"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152636", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027212011"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02554", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029953539", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02554"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02554", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029953539", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02554"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2003.00494.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030044093"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/379718a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031128116", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/379718a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5325.500", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032328102"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/04-0922", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032535936"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0767:trobit]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037498533"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-002-0965-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042927170", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-002-0965-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2002.00337.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043397963"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35083573", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045116489", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35083573"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35083573", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045116489", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35083573"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.287.5459.1770", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047570197"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050035", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050654350", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050035"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.286.5442.1123", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051466816"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/sqb.1957.022.01.039", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060403275"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.269.5222.347", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062550555"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5325.494", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062557462"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/3546010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070367902"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2006-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2006-10-01", 
    "description": "Over the past decade, accelerating rates of species extinction have prompted an increasing number of studies to reduce species diversity experimentally and examine how this alters the efficiency by which communities capture resources and convert those into biomass. So far, the generality of patterns and processes observed in individual studies have been the subjects of considerable debate. Here we present a formal meta-analysis of studies that have experimentally manipulated species diversity to examine how it affects the functioning of numerous trophic groups in multiple types of ecosystem. We show that the average effect of decreasing species richness is to decrease the abundance or biomass of the focal trophic group, leading to less complete depletion of resources used by that group. At the same time, analyses reveal that the standing stock of, and resource depletion by, the most species-rich polyculture tends to be no different from that of the single most productive species used in an experiment. Of the known mechanisms that might explain these trends, results are most consistent with what is called the 'sampling effect', which occurs when diverse communities are more likely to contain and become dominated by the most productive species. Whether this mechanism is widespread in natural communities is currently controversial. Patterns we report are remarkably consistent for four different trophic groups (producers, herbivores, detritivores and predators) and two major ecosystem types (aquatic and terrestrial). Collectively, our analyses suggest that the average species loss does indeed affect the functioning of a wide variety of organisms and ecosystems, but the magnitude of these effects is ultimately determined by the identity of species that are going extinct.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05202", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0090-0028", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "7114", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "443"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems", 
    "pagination": "989", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "2f0985f731cb93ab20fe4a878f8b895ce46341553c398d5c715ec729f4085467"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "17066035"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0410462"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/nature05202"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1009873707"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05202", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009873707"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:01", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000365_0000000365/records_71710_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/nature05202"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature05202'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature05202'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature05202'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature05202'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

255 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      65 URIs      29 LITERALS      17 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05202 schema:about N26745ba1768541fea324c3fd9efe1412
2 N2e250657164f428e92894155db26bffd
3 N3a66d1387caf4d8aadff8edc3f58d712
4 N51bd6c800770499ebb0570c36bfdfc59
5 N6f60a6896f7c4477b73c9b3c078fd2bd
6 Nf4bd52a96a374412bac3e21b31712f46
7 Nfb91dad0746c4b09afe596a60edc2029
8 Nff40d1e1f5cd45ad992bb30b32042bf6
9 anzsrc-for:06
10 anzsrc-for:0602
11 schema:author N1117292b60814d309f20a6d7421a0750
12 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-002-0965-x
13 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050035
14 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050180
15 sg:pub.10.1038/35075055
16 sg:pub.10.1038/35083573
17 sg:pub.10.1038/368734a0
18 sg:pub.10.1038/379718a0
19 sg:pub.10.1038/416837a
20 sg:pub.10.1038/47023
21 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02554
22 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2002.00337.x
23 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2003.00494.x
24 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.94.5.1857
25 https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193602000-00018
26 https://doi.org/10.1101/sqb.1957.022.01.039
27 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.13254.x
28 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1064088
29 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.269.5222.347
30 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5325.494
31 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5325.500
32 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.286.5442.1123
33 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.287.5459.1770
34 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152636
35 https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0767:trobit]2.0.co;2
36 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1999)080[1150:tmaorr]2.0.co;2
37 https://doi.org/10.1890/04-0922
38 https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(1999)009[0893:eeobac]2.0.co;2
39 https://doi.org/10.2307/3546010
40 schema:datePublished 2006-10
41 schema:datePublishedReg 2006-10-01
42 schema:description Over the past decade, accelerating rates of species extinction have prompted an increasing number of studies to reduce species diversity experimentally and examine how this alters the efficiency by which communities capture resources and convert those into biomass. So far, the generality of patterns and processes observed in individual studies have been the subjects of considerable debate. Here we present a formal meta-analysis of studies that have experimentally manipulated species diversity to examine how it affects the functioning of numerous trophic groups in multiple types of ecosystem. We show that the average effect of decreasing species richness is to decrease the abundance or biomass of the focal trophic group, leading to less complete depletion of resources used by that group. At the same time, analyses reveal that the standing stock of, and resource depletion by, the most species-rich polyculture tends to be no different from that of the single most productive species used in an experiment. Of the known mechanisms that might explain these trends, results are most consistent with what is called the 'sampling effect', which occurs when diverse communities are more likely to contain and become dominated by the most productive species. Whether this mechanism is widespread in natural communities is currently controversial. Patterns we report are remarkably consistent for four different trophic groups (producers, herbivores, detritivores and predators) and two major ecosystem types (aquatic and terrestrial). Collectively, our analyses suggest that the average species loss does indeed affect the functioning of a wide variety of organisms and ecosystems, but the magnitude of these effects is ultimately determined by the identity of species that are going extinct.
43 schema:genre research_article
44 schema:inLanguage en
45 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
46 schema:isPartOf N0323a6ef8f7243a981f90bbac45222ea
47 N6021e2194d9f4e9c9ec5d85be4588026
48 sg:journal.1018957
49 schema:name Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems
50 schema:pagination 989
51 schema:productId N386cfe8baef246c695a5c7b3bc452239
52 N533af645b305430f8c13a318a0f54a8d
53 N7ad8e36b804c4ed9ac829f60ff7d7535
54 Nab79ba7ea5e14c75aed37f40d4c2eb96
55 Nb03c3a9d8b6a4006b36922649621bafe
56 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009873707
57 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05202
58 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:01
59 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
60 schema:sdPublisher N3138b23533fd4b0ba93c14059548ea83
61 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/nature05202
62 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
63 sgo:sdDataset articles
64 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
65 N0323a6ef8f7243a981f90bbac45222ea schema:volumeNumber 443
66 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
67 N1117292b60814d309f20a6d7421a0750 rdf:first sg:person.0732466171.68
68 rdf:rest N51f84c18942649119cb69cee95174c4e
69 N26745ba1768541fea324c3fd9efe1412 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
70 schema:name Population Density
71 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
72 N2e250657164f428e92894155db26bffd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
73 schema:name Biomass
74 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
75 N30e778e15c5f4f17be8c900ea24ac6f1 rdf:first sg:person.0644754701.27
76 rdf:rest Nabd26d5d2c1d42d0b2314aacaf096206
77 N3138b23533fd4b0ba93c14059548ea83 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
78 rdf:type schema:Organization
79 N386cfe8baef246c695a5c7b3bc452239 schema:name dimensions_id
80 schema:value pub.1009873707
81 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
82 N3a66d1387caf4d8aadff8edc3f58d712 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
83 schema:name Animals
84 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
85 N51bd6c800770499ebb0570c36bfdfc59 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
86 schema:name Food Chain
87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
88 N51f84c18942649119cb69cee95174c4e rdf:first sg:person.01173434436.11
89 rdf:rest Nc2a4884236f34500bd20a18141b9146c
90 N533af645b305430f8c13a318a0f54a8d schema:name doi
91 schema:value 10.1038/nature05202
92 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
93 N59de768c5f674b5593e654269e9cf446 rdf:first sg:person.01012447741.47
94 rdf:rest Nef5e47fa4f1b4a7a821252a396a13301
95 N6021e2194d9f4e9c9ec5d85be4588026 schema:issueNumber 7114
96 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
97 N6f60a6896f7c4477b73c9b3c078fd2bd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
98 schema:name Biodiversity
99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
100 N7ad8e36b804c4ed9ac829f60ff7d7535 schema:name readcube_id
101 schema:value 2f0985f731cb93ab20fe4a878f8b895ce46341553c398d5c715ec729f4085467
102 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
103 Nab79ba7ea5e14c75aed37f40d4c2eb96 schema:name pubmed_id
104 schema:value 17066035
105 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
106 Nabd26d5d2c1d42d0b2314aacaf096206 rdf:first sg:person.0632372136.31
107 rdf:rest rdf:nil
108 Nb03c3a9d8b6a4006b36922649621bafe schema:name nlm_unique_id
109 schema:value 0410462
110 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
111 Nc2a4884236f34500bd20a18141b9146c rdf:first sg:person.01105010553.65
112 rdf:rest N59de768c5f674b5593e654269e9cf446
113 Nef5e47fa4f1b4a7a821252a396a13301 rdf:first sg:person.0656323575.57
114 rdf:rest N30e778e15c5f4f17be8c900ea24ac6f1
115 Nf4bd52a96a374412bac3e21b31712f46 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
116 schema:name Extinction, Biological
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 Nfb91dad0746c4b09afe596a60edc2029 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
119 schema:name Models, Biological
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 Nff40d1e1f5cd45ad992bb30b32042bf6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
122 schema:name Ecosystem
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
125 schema:name Biological Sciences
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
128 schema:name Ecology
129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
130 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
131 1476-4687
132 schema:name Nature
133 rdf:type schema:Periodical
134 sg:person.01012447741.47 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26009.3d
135 schema:familyName Wright
136 schema:givenName Justin P.
137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01012447741.47
138 rdf:type schema:Person
139 sg:person.01105010553.65 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264889.9
140 schema:familyName Duffy
141 schema:givenName J. Emmett
142 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01105010553.65
143 rdf:type schema:Person
144 sg:person.01173434436.11 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17091.3e
145 schema:familyName Srivastava
146 schema:givenName Diane S.
147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01173434436.11
148 rdf:type schema:Person
149 sg:person.0632372136.31 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f
150 schema:familyName Jouseau
151 schema:givenName Claire
152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0632372136.31
153 rdf:type schema:Person
154 sg:person.0644754701.27 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9909.9
155 schema:familyName Sankaran
156 schema:givenName Mahesh
157 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0644754701.27
158 rdf:type schema:Person
159 sg:person.0656323575.57 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261343.1
160 schema:familyName Downing
161 schema:givenName Amy L.
162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0656323575.57
163 rdf:type schema:Person
164 sg:person.0732466171.68 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.133342.4
165 schema:familyName Cardinale
166 schema:givenName Bradley J.
167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0732466171.68
168 rdf:type schema:Person
169 sg:pub.10.1007/s00442-002-0965-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042927170
170 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-002-0965-x
171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
172 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050654350
173 https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050035
174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
175 sg:pub.10.1007/s004420050180 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007976911
176 https://doi.org/10.1007/s004420050180
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 sg:pub.10.1038/35075055 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009627320
179 https://doi.org/10.1038/35075055
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 sg:pub.10.1038/35083573 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045116489
182 https://doi.org/10.1038/35083573
183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
184 sg:pub.10.1038/368734a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009699829
185 https://doi.org/10.1038/368734a0
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 sg:pub.10.1038/379718a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031128116
188 https://doi.org/10.1038/379718a0
189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
190 sg:pub.10.1038/416837a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017066546
191 https://doi.org/10.1038/416837a
192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
193 sg:pub.10.1038/47023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012871550
194 https://doi.org/10.1038/47023
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02554 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029953539
197 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02554
198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
199 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2002.00337.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043397963
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2003.00494.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030044093
202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
203 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.94.5.1857 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011327521
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193602000-00018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020280197
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 https://doi.org/10.1101/sqb.1957.022.01.039 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060403275
208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
209 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.13254.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019485205
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1064088 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021435857
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.269.5222.347 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062550555
214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
215 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5325.494 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062557462
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5325.500 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032328102
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.286.5442.1123 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051466816
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.287.5459.1770 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047570197
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152636 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027212011
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0767:trobit]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037498533
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1999)080[1150:tmaorr]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008402657
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1890/04-0922 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032535936
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(1999)009[0893:eeobac]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022482316
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.2307/3546010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070367902
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.133342.4 schema:alternateName University of California, Santa Barbara
236 schema:name Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
237 rdf:type schema:Organization
238 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17091.3e schema:alternateName University of British Columbia
239 schema:name Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
240 rdf:type schema:Organization
241 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.21729.3f schema:alternateName Columbia University
242 schema:name Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
243 rdf:type schema:Organization
244 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26009.3d schema:alternateName Duke University
245 schema:name Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
246 rdf:type schema:Organization
247 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261343.1 schema:alternateName Ohio Wesleyan University
248 schema:name Department of Zoology, Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio 43015, USA
249 rdf:type schema:Organization
250 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264889.9 schema:alternateName College of William & Mary
251 schema:name Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, Virginia 23062, USA
252 rdf:type schema:Organization
253 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9909.9 schema:alternateName University of Leeds
254 schema:name Institute of Integrative & Comparative Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
255 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...