Symbiosis insights through metagenomic analysis of a microbial consortium View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-10

AUTHORS

Tanja Woyke, Hanno Teeling, Natalia N. Ivanova, Marcel Huntemann, Michael Richter, Frank Oliver Gloeckner, Dario Boffelli, Iain J. Anderson, Kerrie W. Barry, Harris J. Shapiro, Ernest Szeto, Nikos C. Kyrpides, Marc Mussmann, Rudolf Amann, Claudia Bergin, Caroline Ruehland, Edward M. Rubin, Nicole Dubilier

ABSTRACT

Symbioses between bacteria and eukaryotes are ubiquitous, yet our understanding of the interactions driving these associations is hampered by our inability to cultivate most host-associated microbes. Here we use a metagenomic approach to describe four co-occurring symbionts from the marine oligochaete Olavius algarvensis, a worm lacking a mouth, gut and nephridia. Shotgun sequencing and metabolic pathway reconstruction revealed that the symbionts are sulphur-oxidizing and sulphate-reducing bacteria, all of which are capable of carbon fixation, thus providing the host with multiple sources of nutrition. Molecular evidence for the uptake and recycling of worm waste products by the symbionts suggests how the worm could eliminate its excretory system, an adaptation unique among annelid worms. We propose a model that describes how the versatile metabolism within this symbiotic consortium provides the host with an optimal energy supply as it shuttles between the upper oxic and lower anoxic coastal sediments that it inhabits. More... »

PAGES

950

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature05192

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature05192

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037896124

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16980956


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