An optical supernova associated with the X-ray flash XRF 060218 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-08

AUTHORS

E. Pian, P. A. Mazzali, N. Masetti, P. Ferrero, S. Klose, E. Palazzi, E. Ramirez-Ruiz, S. E. Woosley, C. Kouveliotou, J. Deng, A. V. Filippenko, R. J. Foley, J. P. U. Fynbo, D. A. Kann, W. Li, J. Hjorth, K. Nomoto, F. Patat, D. N. Sauer, J. Sollerman, P. M. Vreeswijk, E. W. Guenther, A. Levan, P. O'Brien, N. R. Tanvir, R. A. M. J. Wijers, C. Dumas, O. Hainaut, D. S. Wong, D. Baade, L. Wang, L. Amati, E. Cappellaro, A. J. Castro-Tirado, S. Ellison, F. Frontera, A. S. Fruchter, J. Greiner, K. Kawabata, C. Ledoux, K. Maeda, P. Møller, L. Nicastro, E. Rol, R. Starling

ABSTRACT

X-Rated SupernovaA link between long γ-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae has been established, but whether there is a similar relationship between the weaker and softer X-ray flashes and supernovae is unclear. GRB/XRF 060218, spotted by the Swift satellite on 18 February this year, may supply that missing link. In the first of four papers on this novel burster, Campana et al. report the sighting of the X-ray signature of a shock break-out, possible evidence of a supernova in progress. Pian et al. report the optical discovery of a type Ic supernova 2006aj associated with GRB/XRF 060218. Soderberg et al. report radio and X-ray observations that show that XRF 060218 is 100 times less energetic than, but of a type that is ten times more common than cosmological GRBs. Mazzali et al. modelled the spectra and light curve of SN 2006aj to show that it had a much smaller explosion energy and ejected much less mass than other GRB-supernovae, suggesting that it was produced by a star with a mass was only about 20 times that of the Sun, leaving behind a neutron star, rather than a black hole. More... »

PAGES

1011-1013

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

7106

VOLUME

442

Author Affiliations

  • Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, 93106-4030, Santa Barbara, California, USA
  • Research Center for the Early Universe, School of Science, University of Tokyo, 113-0033, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan
  • Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, IASF, Bologna, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129, Bologna, Italy
  • Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, D-07778, Tautenburg, Germany
  • Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, 95064, Santa Cruz, California, USA
  • NASA/MSFC, NSSTC, VP62, 320 Sparkman Drive, 35805, Huntsville, Alabama, USA
  • National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, 100012, Beijing, China
  • Department of Astronomy, University of California, 94720-3411, Berkeley, California, USA
  • Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
  • European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748, Garching bei München, Germany
  • Stockholm Observatory, Department of Astronomy, AlbaNova, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden
  • European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, 19001 19, Santiago, Casilla, Chile
  • Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, AL10 9AB, Hatfield, UK
  • X-Ray and Observational Astronomy Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, LE1 7RH, Leicester, UK
  • Astronomical Institute ‘Anton Pannekoek’, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 403, 1098 SJ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2 Beijing Xi Lu, 210008, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
  • Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Padova Astronomical Observatory, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122, Padova, Italy
  • Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (IAA-CSIC), Apartado de Correos 3004, 18080, Granada, Spain
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, V8P 1A1, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
  • Department of Physics, University of Ferrara, Polo Scientifico e Tecnologico, Edificio C, via Saragat 1, I-44100, Ferrara, Italy
  • Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, 21218, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  • Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85741, Garching, Germany
  • Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 739-8526, Hiroshima, Japan
  • Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Komaba 3-8-1, 153-8902, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, Japan
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature05082

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature05082

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034953941

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16943831


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