A low level of extragalactic background light as revealed by γ-rays from blazars View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-04

AUTHORS

F. Aharonian, A. G. Akhperjanian, A. R. Bazer-Bachi, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, D. Berge, K. Bernlöhr, C. Boisson, O. Bolz, V. Borrel, I. Braun, F. Breitling, A. M. Brown, P. M. Chadwick, L.-M. Chounet, R. Cornils, L. Costamante, B. Degrange, H. J. Dickinson, A. Djannati-Ataï, L. O'C. Drury, G. Dubus, D. Emmanoulopoulos, P. Espigat, F. Feinstein, G. Fontaine, Y. Fuchs, S. Funk, Y. A. Gallant, B. Giebels, S. Gillessen, J. F. Glicenstein, P. Goret, C. Hadjichristidis, D. Hauser, M. Hauser, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, M. Holleran, D. Horns, A. Jacholkowska, O. C. de Jager, B. Khélifi, S. Klages, Nu. Komin, A. Konopelko, I. J. Latham, R. Le Gallou, A. Lemière, M. Lemoine-Goumard, N. Leroy, T. Lohse, J. M. Martin, O. Martineau-Huynh, A. Marcowith, C. Masterson, T. J. L. McComb, M. de Naurois, S. J. Nolan, A. Noutsos, K. J. Orford, J. L. Osborne, M. Ouchrif, M. Panter, G. Pelletier, S. Pita, G. Pühlhofer, M. Punch, B. C. Raubenheimer, M. Raue, J. Raux, S. M. Rayner, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, J. Ripken, L. Rob, L. Rolland, G. Rowell, V. Sahakian, L. Saugé, S. Schlenker, R. Schlickeiser, C. Schuster, U. Schwanke, M. Siewert, H. Sol, D. Spangler, R. Steenkamp, C. Stegmann, J.-P. Tavernet, R. Terrier, C. G. Théoret, M. Tluczykont, C. van Eldik, G. Vasileiadis, C. Venter, P. Vincent, H. J. Völk, S. J. Wagner

ABSTRACT

The diffuse extragalactic background light consists of the sum of the starlight emitted by galaxies through the history of the Universe, and it could also have an important contribution from the 'first stars', which may have formed before galaxy formation began. Direct measurements are difficult and not yet conclusive, owing to the large uncertainties caused by the bright foreground emission associated with zodiacal light. An alternative approach is to study the absorption features imprinted on the gamma-ray spectra of distant extragalactic objects by interactions of those photons with the background light photons. Here we report the discovery of gamma-ray emission from the blazars H 2356 - 309 and 1ES 1101 - 232, at redshifts z = 0.165 and z = 0.186, respectively. Their unexpectedly hard spectra provide an upper limit on the background light at optical/near-infrared wavelengths that appears to be very close to the lower limit given by the integrated light of resolved galaxies. The background flux at these wavelengths accordingly seems to be strongly dominated by the direct starlight from galaxies, thus excluding a large contribution from other sources-in particular from the first stars formed. This result also indicates that intergalactic space is more transparent to gamma-rays than previously thought. More... »

PAGES

1018

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature04680

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04680

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006300646

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16625189


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0201", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Astronomical and Space Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Aharonian", 
        "givenName": "F.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01354457257.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01354457257.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Alikhanyan National Laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.48507.3e", 
          "name": [
            "Yerevan Physics Institute, 2 Alikhanian Brothers Street, 375036 Yerevan, Armenia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Akhperjanian", 
        "givenName": "A. G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013115641443.81", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013115641443.81"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS/UPS, 9 avenue du Colonel Roche, BP 4346, F-31029 Toulouse cedex 4, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bazer-Bachi", 
        "givenName": "A. R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01043751211.35", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01043751211.35"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hamburg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d", 
          "name": [
            "Universit\u00e4t Hamburg, Institut f\u00fcr Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, D 22761 Hamburg, Gemany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Beilicke", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016614747013.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016614747013.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Benbow", 
        "givenName": "W.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01060006672.23", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060006672.23"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Berge", 
        "givenName": "D.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Humboldt University of Berlin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany", 
            "Institut f\u00fcr Physik, Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bernl\u00f6hr", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010602034211.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010602034211.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratory Universe and Theories", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464187.8", 
          "name": [
            "LUTH, UMR 8102 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, F-92195 Meudon cedex, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Boisson", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015446040615.30", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015446040615.30"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bolz", 
        "givenName": "O.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01351261147.74", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01351261147.74"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS/UPS, 9 avenue du Colonel Roche, BP 4346, F-31029 Toulouse cedex 4, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Borrel", 
        "givenName": "V.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01075532052.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01075532052.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Braun", 
        "givenName": "I.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Humboldt University of Berlin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Physik, Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Breitling", 
        "givenName": "F.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Brown", 
        "givenName": "A. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010700260554.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010700260554.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chadwick", 
        "givenName": "P. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01113367710.23", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01113367710.23"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Leprince Ringuet laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chounet", 
        "givenName": "L.-M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015364747021.72", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015364747021.72"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hamburg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d", 
          "name": [
            "Universit\u00e4t Hamburg, Institut f\u00fcr Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, D 22761 Hamburg, Gemany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cornils", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0714067475.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0714067475.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany", 
            "European Associated Laboratory for Gamma-Ray Astronomy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Costamante", 
        "givenName": "L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011070751367.06", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011070751367.06"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Leprince Ringuet laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Degrange", 
        "givenName": "B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0626637511.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626637511.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dickinson", 
        "givenName": "H. J.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Djannati-Ata\u00ef", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01011201311.93", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011201311.93"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Dublin Institute For Advanced Studies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.55940.3d", 
          "name": [
            "Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 5 Merrion Square, Dublin 2, Ireland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Drury", 
        "givenName": "L. O'C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012353406224.66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012353406224.66"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Leprince Ringuet laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dubus", 
        "givenName": "G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012104731376.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012104731376.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Landessternwarte, K\u00f6nigstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Emmanoulopoulos", 
        "givenName": "D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0632500611.00", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0632500611.00"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Espigat", 
        "givenName": "P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0700614011.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0700614011.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Montpellier", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.121334.6", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Physique Th\u00e9orique et Astroparticules, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9 Montpellier II, CC 70, Place Eug\u00e8ne Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Feinstein", 
        "givenName": "F.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0664261452.49", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664261452.49"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Leprince Ringuet laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fontaine", 
        "givenName": "G.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Joseph Fourier University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, INSU/CNRS, Universit\u00e9 Joseph Fourier, BP 53, F-38041 Grenoble cedex 9, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fuchs", 
        "givenName": "Y.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01360763347.14", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01360763347.14"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Funk", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012267716771.21", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012267716771.21"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Montpellier", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.121334.6", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Physique Th\u00e9orique et Astroparticules, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9 Montpellier II, CC 70, Place Eug\u00e8ne Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gallant", 
        "givenName": "Y. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07722026071.29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07722026071.29"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Leprince Ringuet laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Giebels", 
        "givenName": "B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015102221635.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015102221635.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gillessen", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016573273465.57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016573273465.57"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "DAPNIA/DSM/CEA, CE Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Glicenstein", 
        "givenName": "J. F.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "DAPNIA/DSM/CEA, CE Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Goret", 
        "givenName": "P.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hadjichristidis", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01135132111.18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01135132111.18"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hauser", 
        "givenName": "D.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Landessternwarte, K\u00f6nigstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hauser", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hamburg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d", 
          "name": [
            "Universit\u00e4t Hamburg, Institut f\u00fcr Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, D 22761 Hamburg, Gemany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Heinzelmann", 
        "givenName": "G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01365607111.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01365607111.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Joseph Fourier University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, INSU/CNRS, Universit\u00e9 Joseph Fourier, BP 53, F-38041 Grenoble cedex 9, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Henri", 
        "givenName": "G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0642203011.44", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0642203011.44"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hermann", 
        "givenName": "G.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hinton", 
        "givenName": "J. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01150403603.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01150403603.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hofmann", 
        "givenName": "W.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "North-West University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36", 
          "name": [
            "Unit for Space Physics, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Holleran", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01140773211.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01140773211.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Horns", 
        "givenName": "D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011772261753.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011772261753.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Montpellier", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.121334.6", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Physique Th\u00e9orique et Astroparticules, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9 Montpellier II, CC 70, Place Eug\u00e8ne Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jacholkowska", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016417562474.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016417562474.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "North-West University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36", 
          "name": [
            "Unit for Space Physics, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "de Jager", 
        "givenName": "O. C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010267003523.17", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010267003523.17"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kh\u00e9lifi", 
        "givenName": "B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01145137551.60", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01145137551.60"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Klages", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Humboldt University of Berlin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Physik, Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Komin", 
        "givenName": "Nu.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012265202603.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012265202603.15"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Humboldt University of Berlin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Physik, Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Konopelko", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013070676401.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013070676401.15"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Latham", 
        "givenName": "I. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0577251507.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0577251507.50"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Le Gallou", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01226223175.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01226223175.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lemi\u00e8re", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01274336375.65", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01274336375.65"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Leprince Ringuet laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lemoine-Goumard", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016212272663.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016212272663.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Leprince Ringuet laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Leroy", 
        "givenName": "N.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Humboldt University of Berlin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Physik, Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lohse", 
        "givenName": "T.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratory Universe and Theories", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464187.8", 
          "name": [
            "LUTH, UMR 8102 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, F-92195 Meudon cedex, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Martin", 
        "givenName": "J. M.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire Physique nucl\u00e9aire et Hautes Energies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Physique Nucl\u00e9aire et de Hautes Energies, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9s Paris VI & VII, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Martineau-Huynh", 
        "givenName": "O.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013236053423.29", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013236053423.29"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS/UPS, 9 avenue du Colonel Roche, BP 4346, F-31029 Toulouse cedex 4, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Marcowith", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01151000651.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01151000651.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany", 
            "European Associated Laboratory for Gamma-Ray Astronomy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Masterson", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0676622046.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0676622046.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "McComb", 
        "givenName": "T. J. L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014253642461.21", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014253642461.21"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire Physique nucl\u00e9aire et Hautes Energies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Physique Nucl\u00e9aire et de Hautes Energies, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9s Paris VI & VII, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "de Naurois", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01267415703.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01267415703.50"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nolan", 
        "givenName": "S. J.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Noutsos", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01050525554.84", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01050525554.84"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Orford", 
        "givenName": "K. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012727014661.79", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012727014661.79"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Osborne", 
        "givenName": "J. L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire Physique nucl\u00e9aire et Hautes Energies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e", 
          "name": [
            "European Associated Laboratory for Gamma-Ray Astronomy", 
            "Laboratoire de Physique Nucl\u00e9aire et de Hautes Energies, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9s Paris VI & VII, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ouchrif", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0672351224.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0672351224.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Panter", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01363262356.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01363262356.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Joseph Fourier University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, INSU/CNRS, Universit\u00e9 Joseph Fourier, BP 53, F-38041 Grenoble cedex 9, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Pelletier", 
        "givenName": "G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01053363575.37", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01053363575.37"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Pita", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Landessternwarte, K\u00f6nigstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "P\u00fchlhofer", 
        "givenName": "G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07524101163.47", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07524101163.47"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Punch", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010034117773.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010034117773.56"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "North-West University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36", 
          "name": [
            "Unit for Space Physics, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Raubenheimer", 
        "givenName": "B. C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07727450751.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07727450751.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hamburg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d", 
          "name": [
            "Universit\u00e4t Hamburg, Institut f\u00fcr Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, D 22761 Hamburg, Gemany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Raue", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07417526071.61", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07417526071.61"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire Physique nucl\u00e9aire et Hautes Energies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Physique Nucl\u00e9aire et de Hautes Energies, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9s Paris VI & VII, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Raux", 
        "givenName": "J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01247366546.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01247366546.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rayner", 
        "givenName": "S. M.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universit\u00e4t Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Reimer", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universit\u00e4t Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Reimer", 
        "givenName": "O.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07655172424.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07655172424.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Hamburg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d", 
          "name": [
            "Universit\u00e4t Hamburg, Institut f\u00fcr Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, D 22761 Hamburg, Gemany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ripken", 
        "givenName": "J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015002056735.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015002056735.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Charles University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4491.8", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Charles University, V Holesovickach 2, 180 00 Prague 8, Czech Republic"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rob", 
        "givenName": "L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012426726617.61", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012426726617.61"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire Physique nucl\u00e9aire et Hautes Energies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Physique Nucl\u00e9aire et de Hautes Energies, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9s Paris VI & VII, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rolland", 
        "givenName": "L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0612615007.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612615007.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rowell", 
        "givenName": "G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015122625535.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015122625535.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Alikhanyan National Laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.48507.3e", 
          "name": [
            "Yerevan Physics Institute, 2 Alikhanian Brothers Street, 375036 Yerevan, Armenia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sahakian", 
        "givenName": "V.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014734251162.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014734251162.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Joseph Fourier University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, INSU/CNRS, Universit\u00e9 Joseph Fourier, BP 53, F-38041 Grenoble cedex 9, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saug\u00e9", 
        "givenName": "L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010220421221.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010220421221.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Humboldt University of Berlin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Physik, Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schlenker", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universit\u00e4t Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schlickeiser", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01325633045.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01325633045.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universit\u00e4t Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schuster", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Humboldt University of Berlin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Physik, Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schwanke", 
        "givenName": "U.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universit\u00e4t Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Siewert", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01347242404.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01347242404.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratory Universe and Theories", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464187.8", 
          "name": [
            "LUTH, UMR 8102 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, F-92195 Meudon cedex, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sol", 
        "givenName": "H.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013533472736.72", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013533472736.72"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Durham University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f", 
          "name": [
            "University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Spangler", 
        "givenName": "D.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Namibia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10598.35", 
          "name": [
            "University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Steenkamp", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011072523550.03", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011072523550.03"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Humboldt University of Berlin", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d", 
          "name": [
            "Institut f\u00fcr Physik, Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Stegmann", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011166770201.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011166770201.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire Physique nucl\u00e9aire et Hautes Energies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Physique Nucl\u00e9aire et de Hautes Energies, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9s Paris VI & VII, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tavernet", 
        "givenName": "J.-P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0633004051.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0633004051.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Terrier", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015657543407.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015657543407.28"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Th\u00e9oret", 
        "givenName": "C. G.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Leprince Ringuet laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France", 
            "European Associated Laboratory for Gamma-Ray Astronomy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tluczykont", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0676300005.67", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0676300005.67"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "van Eldik", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013750721171.53", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013750721171.53"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Montpellier", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.121334.6", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Physique Th\u00e9orique et Astroparticules, IN2P3/CNRS, Universit\u00e9 Montpellier II, CC 70, Place Eug\u00e8ne Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Vasileiadis", 
        "givenName": "G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01066727075.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01066727075.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "North-West University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36", 
          "name": [
            "Unit for Space Physics, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Venter", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07741645725.35", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07741645725.35"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "North-West University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36", 
          "name": [
            "Unit for Space Physics, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Vincent", 
        "givenName": "P.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e", 
          "name": [
            "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "V\u00f6lk", 
        "givenName": "H. J.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Landessternwarte, K\u00f6nigstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wagner", 
        "givenName": "S. J.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/426010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003323861"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.astro.39.1.249", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005798424"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/422585", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008345274"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/320942", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009909407"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/64/4/201", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012807271"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.2000.03268.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012855129"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/321470", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014927428"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/339422", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019763121"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/375182", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020173380"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/342700", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023536248"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.05895.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026853679"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/319646", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037770467"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1878394", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042231971"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2004.12.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042251564"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/497569", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046043530"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0370-2693(00)01113-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046093966"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1370813", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047141826"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011749", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056928189"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030326", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056930447"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041853", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056933956"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/186369", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058515878"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/311714", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058619193"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/429383", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058716157"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/429383", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058716157"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.252", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060768738"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.252", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060768738"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.479", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060768831"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.479", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060768831"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2006-04", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2006-04-01", 
    "description": "The diffuse extragalactic background light consists of the sum of the starlight emitted by galaxies through the history of the Universe, and it could also have an important contribution from the 'first stars', which may have formed before galaxy formation began. Direct measurements are difficult and not yet conclusive, owing to the large uncertainties caused by the bright foreground emission associated with zodiacal light. An alternative approach is to study the absorption features imprinted on the gamma-ray spectra of distant extragalactic objects by interactions of those photons with the background light photons. Here we report the discovery of gamma-ray emission from the blazars H 2356 - 309 and 1ES 1101 - 232, at redshifts z = 0.165 and z = 0.186, respectively. Their unexpectedly hard spectra provide an upper limit on the background light at optical/near-infrared wavelengths that appears to be very close to the lower limit given by the integrated light of resolved galaxies. The background flux at these wavelengths accordingly seems to be strongly dominated by the direct starlight from galaxies, thus excluding a large contribution from other sources-in particular from the first stars formed. This result also indicates that intergalactic space is more transparent to gamma-rays than previously thought.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04680", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0090-0028", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "7087", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "440"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "A low level of extragalactic background light as revealed by \u03b3-rays from blazars", 
    "pagination": "1018", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "1e0322dd5f404eeebe0b511ce5c2f176a3428947f36c10dbc2015ffa6687c166"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "16625189"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0410462"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/nature04680"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1006300646"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04680", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006300646"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T12:59", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000365_0000000365/records_71692_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/nature04680"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature04680'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature04680'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature04680'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature04680'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

908 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      54 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04680 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
2 anzsrc-for:0201
3 schema:author Nf42f8e59970347f9a1957b79c26c7843
4 schema:citation https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2004.12.005
5 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0370-2693(00)01113-8
6 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.2000.03268.x
7 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.05895.x
8 https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011749
9 https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030326
10 https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041853
11 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1370813
12 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1878394
13 https://doi.org/10.1086/186369
14 https://doi.org/10.1086/311714
15 https://doi.org/10.1086/319646
16 https://doi.org/10.1086/320942
17 https://doi.org/10.1086/321470
18 https://doi.org/10.1086/339422
19 https://doi.org/10.1086/342700
20 https://doi.org/10.1086/375182
21 https://doi.org/10.1086/422585
22 https://doi.org/10.1086/426010
23 https://doi.org/10.1086/429383
24 https://doi.org/10.1086/497569
25 https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/64/4/201
26 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.252
27 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.479
28 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.astro.39.1.249
29 schema:datePublished 2006-04
30 schema:datePublishedReg 2006-04-01
31 schema:description The diffuse extragalactic background light consists of the sum of the starlight emitted by galaxies through the history of the Universe, and it could also have an important contribution from the 'first stars', which may have formed before galaxy formation began. Direct measurements are difficult and not yet conclusive, owing to the large uncertainties caused by the bright foreground emission associated with zodiacal light. An alternative approach is to study the absorption features imprinted on the gamma-ray spectra of distant extragalactic objects by interactions of those photons with the background light photons. Here we report the discovery of gamma-ray emission from the blazars H 2356 - 309 and 1ES 1101 - 232, at redshifts z = 0.165 and z = 0.186, respectively. Their unexpectedly hard spectra provide an upper limit on the background light at optical/near-infrared wavelengths that appears to be very close to the lower limit given by the integrated light of resolved galaxies. The background flux at these wavelengths accordingly seems to be strongly dominated by the direct starlight from galaxies, thus excluding a large contribution from other sources-in particular from the first stars formed. This result also indicates that intergalactic space is more transparent to gamma-rays than previously thought.
32 schema:genre research_article
33 schema:inLanguage en
34 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
35 schema:isPartOf N35a18f41dee745a3b62f582ce85c259c
36 N5cbdc0e60e7445a8ab589bd68a9ebc9f
37 sg:journal.1018957
38 schema:name A low level of extragalactic background light as revealed by γ-rays from blazars
39 schema:pagination 1018
40 schema:productId N8b30c790cdcf45678cd0e91b613c785e
41 Nc3b51212e2024a57a1e0cf45f22e5b39
42 Nc643491f68f4447381755555cce5e8f7
43 Ncbdc0f7d2e2744c9b36c311f798d4695
44 Nd77d162f05754435a2c70ab5c26bd8a7
45 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006300646
46 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04680
47 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T12:59
48 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
49 schema:sdPublisher N5f89133aa5a348e6a472a6ebd074cf7a
50 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/nature04680
51 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
52 sgo:sdDataset articles
53 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
54 N020be4a7dc4c471d888b8ec6bb63a241 rdf:first sg:person.01365607111.25
55 rdf:rest Naef2d0444f954d20ae4e05c405819229
56 N0288b259995a404f843ba9c9cd6ee1a4 rdf:first sg:person.01113367710.23
57 rdf:rest N739b813306f143c08c9da3991bcc962c
58 N082eb70990874ebea648c6cff4cd3459 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c
59 schema:familyName Fontaine
60 schema:givenName G.
61 rdf:type schema:Person
62 N087050391f884f389535d0d814e8a6ae schema:name Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
63 rdf:type schema:Organization
64 N0922d0aff54443ac9020d0f2ed35647f rdf:first Nfd4031351a14404280bcd66f5eb29267
65 rdf:rest N787c32ead5304ec4a8194527328ab840
66 N092f73b228f545a18edbad387e05f522 schema:name Landessternwarte, Königstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
67 rdf:type schema:Organization
68 N0b71ca257b4e4f778275cae9158328e6 schema:affiliation N7958c7574a694337837aa8a7f5da24b4
69 schema:familyName Wagner
70 schema:givenName S. J.
71 rdf:type schema:Person
72 N0cba4a1ecfa649389748cee97c350884 schema:name APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France
73 rdf:type schema:Organization
74 N11a881fbf83b4bd7b5e63e948eda767e schema:name APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France
75 rdf:type schema:Organization
76 N14f209f77fb34d799eec0b3126dafc03 rdf:first N4a28627e356245a7b79d1c3fc1a2c892
77 rdf:rest N98ecdbc5f5a04684808d0d366d81b716
78 N1548e262cf2f4afb8b6a930d28445320 rdf:first sg:person.015657543407.28
79 rdf:rest N7bf5b1c64d8647449e9e21c70d76f112
80 N15bc28c6a2bb48f3b25d0cfcfeb045bf rdf:first sg:person.013533472736.72
81 rdf:rest Nfeae6b917ca84d769c625ebc308bffe0
82 N1757575b349e4810ad88b2434e382dfc rdf:first Nc7d5d004550747ef99eaf4bf5ecc342b
83 rdf:rest Nadf69042c2394be9b7706b710ec56b58
84 N1a1cdda21e7e425b81e2779eb2ecd893 schema:affiliation N5a8c56763aa94f27a2398156c8a34f3a
85 schema:familyName Glicenstein
86 schema:givenName J. F.
87 rdf:type schema:Person
88 N1d054d3132f6407fa36d42ae624c77ee schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
89 schema:familyName Spangler
90 schema:givenName D.
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 N1eac1420dea2468b8c25eb4c12fab544 rdf:first N082eb70990874ebea648c6cff4cd3459
93 rdf:rest N591563b09ecb439bbec4d6c76bfc43ec
94 N1f5fa2494df348ac8bd4a5ed77d1d0cd schema:name Landessternwarte, Königstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
95 rdf:type schema:Organization
96 N200bc139965640a689b3f1e63d7ca95a schema:name APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France
97 rdf:type schema:Organization
98 N21d15096284544caadb96c53a80c70c1 schema:name Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
99 rdf:type schema:Organization
100 N225f27c4e17e420db6f33d18ad528f4d schema:name APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France
101 rdf:type schema:Organization
102 N2365827408f74066b110e0a19ec32a0f rdf:first N6989303db14a4bbd8b3d71d71e08ae8e
103 rdf:rest N7ca4d16f71e3434c81aca21834786570
104 N23e0a984a9d24e75ad7bcb577aefddac rdf:first sg:person.07741645725.35
105 rdf:rest N0922d0aff54443ac9020d0f2ed35647f
106 N26af60205c8a4093b5d2b93ffd80810a rdf:first sg:person.01060006672.23
107 rdf:rest N757e9607bfc54318a23e04627019ad7a
108 N26bff67a153b4c43b5f7bf364845b383 rdf:first sg:person.01247366546.39
109 rdf:rest Nc2c34494ab2244238f447b5d70efa2a9
110 N271d707f1cd84cd8819946649c9de8bb rdf:first sg:person.014734251162.43
111 rdf:rest Nead4bd4af6cb4f7287fb1d54e02a9dd8
112 N2be674db41464073929c5984631670f4 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d
113 schema:familyName Lohse
114 schema:givenName T.
115 rdf:type schema:Person
116 N31c7911d75b54efdbd53c5847a27562c rdf:first sg:person.012104731376.41
117 rdf:rest Nc1918fb11fda46c2b44f94a6c6f9b716
118 N32b7b49f9b504304b80cf2594fb086c6 rdf:first Na5d43e24f5004ed5968790f8a17032d1
119 rdf:rest N5f2e57753ed540ff9255ba1646f22edd
120 N33720c5bcecb433880ca0076781534ef schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d
121 schema:familyName Breitling
122 schema:givenName F.
123 rdf:type schema:Person
124 N33e8479967e3428197d707066883bc00 schema:name Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
125 rdf:type schema:Organization
126 N34cc867e44d143778bdfb59941c6dabf rdf:first Nc5baa7963f8d43e8b7f48d703f5b7109
127 rdf:rest N7e454848acd445b28d968e07be2f6056
128 N34fdd5fafc684c2abfecfbe31c392a5f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
129 schema:familyName Rayner
130 schema:givenName S. M.
131 rdf:type schema:Person
132 N35a18f41dee745a3b62f582ce85c259c schema:volumeNumber 440
133 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
134 N35a19d2356a6442d84d6e7c4a7d65d17 rdf:first sg:person.015446040615.30
135 rdf:rest Ne0d6b9cebd07435181278c395f18443f
136 N3964302488bf448da7c676db11f9ae5a schema:name APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France
137 rdf:type schema:Organization
138 N3bfe834c08d149aaa2d945a65438d5cc rdf:first sg:person.01053363575.37
139 rdf:rest N32b7b49f9b504304b80cf2594fb086c6
140 N3c7ae347e43a4fb0a257829e7cf606b5 schema:name Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS/UPS, 9 avenue du Colonel Roche, BP 4346, F-31029 Toulouse cedex 4, France
141 rdf:type schema:Organization
142 N3e0366fa406b4270b3a78c8fbc3906a3 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
143 schema:familyName Klages
144 schema:givenName S.
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 N4119a2284e01408288ad8c2350e91a12 rdf:first sg:person.013750721171.53
147 rdf:rest N72982eff29b940868574377c0146d3e9
148 N43eb985defd64826b985ccb98701b745 rdf:first sg:person.016614747013.96
149 rdf:rest N26af60205c8a4093b5d2b93ffd80810a
150 N4550b9166d8a41c588b02239809fe478 rdf:first sg:person.0626637511.07
151 rdf:rest Nb1f8b03dd38f4f9fad249dd3cb495615
152 N468213667321497f8ba0b8b7cb7646e5 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
153 schema:familyName Völk
154 schema:givenName H. J.
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 N4a28627e356245a7b79d1c3fc1a2c892 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d
157 schema:familyName Schlenker
158 schema:givenName S.
159 rdf:type schema:Person
160 N4df6ead51f554624afaa8e494c561a57 rdf:first N57af082e8f36449e9e4e664a1f015a23
161 rdf:rest Nd075a5340b2349e891678fd4ce304917
162 N505013d29aed478ea9e8abbe289244df rdf:first sg:person.012267716771.21
163 rdf:rest Na77620967ba94d9ebf2da18fb6ee4da0
164 N554df6b751f94c5c8a5420260e6a1648 rdf:first N3e0366fa406b4270b3a78c8fbc3906a3
165 rdf:rest Ne21fe413788e4535bafe65da0de4079f
166 N57af082e8f36449e9e4e664a1f015a23 schema:affiliation N85f8179f95224317874315346605c3e2
167 schema:familyName Goret
168 schema:givenName P.
169 rdf:type schema:Person
170 N589ec454513844268dd9300c2c69a6c6 rdf:first Nbe085e79bf504593b06a3bd9612a693c
171 rdf:rest Nb813e22c470242eebca6da11a2a34ea6
172 N591563b09ecb439bbec4d6c76bfc43ec rdf:first sg:person.01360763347.14
173 rdf:rest N505013d29aed478ea9e8abbe289244df
174 N59a06cb59bd74f948d5923498100be10 rdf:first sg:person.0664261452.49
175 rdf:rest N1eac1420dea2468b8c25eb4c12fab544
176 N5a613f7507e241e1a0d0793acb540dad rdf:first sg:person.011070751367.06
177 rdf:rest N4550b9166d8a41c588b02239809fe478
178 N5a8c56763aa94f27a2398156c8a34f3a schema:name DAPNIA/DSM/CEA, CE Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France
179 rdf:type schema:Organization
180 N5bc6fb6948db44cfaa42fde3a381bec2 rdf:first sg:person.01140773211.01
181 rdf:rest N8b0d1a08e9234e2dbd25ec7dc9fb51cd
182 N5cbdc0e60e7445a8ab589bd68a9ebc9f schema:issueNumber 7087
183 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
184 N5f2e57753ed540ff9255ba1646f22edd rdf:first sg:person.07524101163.47
185 rdf:rest Na67af86039d843b79c0a42f697d34d48
186 N5f89133aa5a348e6a472a6ebd074cf7a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
187 rdf:type schema:Organization
188 N6564c8055e7b4822ac8e882459f861bb schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
189 schema:familyName Osborne
190 schema:givenName J. L.
191 rdf:type schema:Person
192 N673a1578e37e4118afba4e31f4c275d7 rdf:first sg:person.0714067475.73
193 rdf:rest N5a613f7507e241e1a0d0793acb540dad
194 N6989303db14a4bbd8b3d71d71e08ae8e schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464187.8
195 schema:familyName Martin
196 schema:givenName J. M.
197 rdf:type schema:Person
198 N6b922fd5cfa4440588d3adfbba08ecd9 rdf:first sg:person.01226223175.45
199 rdf:rest Nb189184c55b84786885c86f63f9f6c33
200 N6c40cd51b24143b8bbd1f04153e2c823 rdf:first sg:person.0612615007.96
201 rdf:rest N9300f4f2b77e41cdba1345c08dc890d3
202 N6cb10faa257f48f0a6b6b7ffe88049e9 rdf:first sg:person.01050525554.84
203 rdf:rest N8245f8b48626450a82b56f426ad8538e
204 N7151ea593a6141048f41ecaf74b74084 rdf:first sg:person.01145137551.60
205 rdf:rest N554df6b751f94c5c8a5420260e6a1648
206 N72982eff29b940868574377c0146d3e9 rdf:first sg:person.01066727075.38
207 rdf:rest N23e0a984a9d24e75ad7bcb577aefddac
208 N72bf2e15bf2745dd8d81c94b488e1295 rdf:first sg:person.07655172424.07
209 rdf:rest Nc36287838b3a43aeb4c5ff0e3fc879b6
210 N72f97292202d4b868983b478202615ed schema:name Landessternwarte, Königstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
211 rdf:type schema:Organization
212 N739b813306f143c08c9da3991bcc962c rdf:first sg:person.015364747021.72
213 rdf:rest N673a1578e37e4118afba4e31f4c275d7
214 N73a1b85564ae44bc989db03fd4fc253f rdf:first sg:person.0700614011.73
215 rdf:rest N59a06cb59bd74f948d5923498100be10
216 N744dc10442e547ba8cb42190e0c041a8 rdf:first sg:person.010602034211.38
217 rdf:rest N35a19d2356a6442d84d6e7c4a7d65d17
218 N757e9607bfc54318a23e04627019ad7a rdf:first Nd586fb2efd1b4453905282eb398f864b
219 rdf:rest N744dc10442e547ba8cb42190e0c041a8
220 N75b9d02a9f3248d694a3345bfc64f663 rdf:first sg:person.0672351224.89
221 rdf:rest Nad03ff8567d64d81b89ab657644e81a6
222 N787c32ead5304ec4a8194527328ab840 rdf:first N468213667321497f8ba0b8b7cb7646e5
223 rdf:rest N8b588c219ee447c787680511a15516c9
224 N7958c7574a694337837aa8a7f5da24b4 schema:name Landessternwarte, Königstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
225 rdf:type schema:Organization
226 N7a911a187057484683a1e7738b25d1eb rdf:first sg:person.01043751211.35
227 rdf:rest N43eb985defd64826b985ccb98701b745
228 N7bf5b1c64d8647449e9e21c70d76f112 rdf:first N872798b3ae7440f898bd18af26980a7b
229 rdf:rest Nb69285fc2f154601aeedcfccdbb8ca9c
230 N7ca4d16f71e3434c81aca21834786570 rdf:first sg:person.013236053423.29
231 rdf:rest N8802e379087740a38a5fe6cded5485fc
232 N7e454848acd445b28d968e07be2f6056 rdf:first sg:person.01150403603.78
233 rdf:rest N7f93f8288a9e4fae9c30f46e82dc9a6d
234 N7f93f8288a9e4fae9c30f46e82dc9a6d rdf:first N9e80dcb220bf49cab824f04b625896ff
235 rdf:rest N5bc6fb6948db44cfaa42fde3a381bec2
236 N80911589b0fd4dfd9be1ed80a1534c6f rdf:first sg:person.013115641443.81
237 rdf:rest N7a911a187057484683a1e7738b25d1eb
238 N81008fc7909e4c77a8cda48d3e7659a9 rdf:first sg:person.012426726617.61
239 rdf:rest N6c40cd51b24143b8bbd1f04153e2c823
240 N82113eaea62d4cbf9819bc3850377cdd rdf:first sg:person.01267415703.50
241 rdf:rest Nc473f503ab7c4552ac6cb1d9bc3a148e
242 N8245f8b48626450a82b56f426ad8538e rdf:first sg:person.012727014661.79
243 rdf:rest N938b39c24ff04f15aa1ed0207cd3e37d
244 N84fd9ccc1d88450cb96ac392bc4a36af schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
245 schema:familyName Braun
246 schema:givenName I.
247 rdf:type schema:Person
248 N85f8179f95224317874315346605c3e2 schema:name DAPNIA/DSM/CEA, CE Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France
249 rdf:type schema:Organization
250 N872798b3ae7440f898bd18af26980a7b schema:affiliation N3964302488bf448da7c676db11f9ae5a
251 schema:familyName Théoret
252 schema:givenName C. G.
253 rdf:type schema:Person
254 N8802e379087740a38a5fe6cded5485fc rdf:first sg:person.01151000651.45
255 rdf:rest Nb4ff2d4af12146f79f010651855501b5
256 N89bc91b7b98a4043b65a235a82baf900 rdf:first N9e738b11b5574c69881a93290e61624c
257 rdf:rest N9385a836c23946178e0adc6e8fe9f070
258 N8b0d1a08e9234e2dbd25ec7dc9fb51cd rdf:first sg:person.011772261753.41
259 rdf:rest Ne2dfc74a3c40473497f8475bd2cd5fb7
260 N8b30c790cdcf45678cd0e91b613c785e schema:name doi
261 schema:value 10.1038/nature04680
262 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
263 N8b588c219ee447c787680511a15516c9 rdf:first N0b71ca257b4e4f778275cae9158328e6
264 rdf:rest rdf:nil
265 N91008edced9048169824f2f100b0439b schema:name Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS/UPS, 9 avenue du Colonel Roche, BP 4346, F-31029 Toulouse cedex 4, France
266 rdf:type schema:Organization
267 N9300f4f2b77e41cdba1345c08dc890d3 rdf:first sg:person.015122625535.39
268 rdf:rest N271d707f1cd84cd8819946649c9de8bb
269 N9385a836c23946178e0adc6e8fe9f070 rdf:first N9e9f4cc9f5254749a0d9d786915eafe4
270 rdf:rest N020be4a7dc4c471d888b8ec6bb63a241
271 N938b39c24ff04f15aa1ed0207cd3e37d rdf:first N6564c8055e7b4822ac8e882459f861bb
272 rdf:rest N75b9d02a9f3248d694a3345bfc64f663
273 N98ecdbc5f5a04684808d0d366d81b716 rdf:first sg:person.01325633045.01
274 rdf:rest N589ec454513844268dd9300c2c69a6c6
275 N9d584f924fdb4496a7d5c03530af3e83 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
276 schema:familyName Dickinson
277 schema:givenName H. J.
278 rdf:type schema:Person
279 N9e738b11b5574c69881a93290e61624c schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
280 schema:familyName Hauser
281 schema:givenName D.
282 rdf:type schema:Person
283 N9e80dcb220bf49cab824f04b625896ff schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
284 schema:familyName Hofmann
285 schema:givenName W.
286 rdf:type schema:Person
287 N9e9f4cc9f5254749a0d9d786915eafe4 schema:affiliation N1f5fa2494df348ac8bd4a5ed77d1d0cd
288 schema:familyName Hauser
289 schema:givenName M.
290 rdf:type schema:Person
291 Na1103128a2b34857b17315654c00eff8 rdf:first sg:person.016212272663.63
292 rdf:rest N1757575b349e4810ad88b2434e382dfc
293 Na58d95f038d4453783f05d325085b688 rdf:first sg:person.01075532052.41
294 rdf:rest Nc8959d0063b74989a66ee0e28cef3ef5
295 Na5d43e24f5004ed5968790f8a17032d1 schema:affiliation N200bc139965640a689b3f1e63d7ca95a
296 schema:familyName Pita
297 schema:givenName S.
298 rdf:type schema:Person
299 Na67af86039d843b79c0a42f697d34d48 rdf:first sg:person.010034117773.56
300 rdf:rest Nbd0e3cbd598d437f88778963564bebc7
301 Na74c8a18b5814b1aaf36cf919a2a2072 rdf:first sg:person.016573273465.57
302 rdf:rest Nbd4b5ffe8b9b4872bbca7f5dffc27e8f
303 Na77620967ba94d9ebf2da18fb6ee4da0 rdf:first sg:person.07722026071.29
304 rdf:rest Ncb36f715094546aca59c9b8e4892f223
305 Nad03ff8567d64d81b89ab657644e81a6 rdf:first sg:person.01363262356.52
306 rdf:rest N3bfe834c08d149aaa2d945a65438d5cc
307 Nada0ede95ead4b3e9e25c333f26567aa schema:name Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS/UPS, 9 avenue du Colonel Roche, BP 4346, F-31029 Toulouse cedex 4, France
308 rdf:type schema:Organization
309 Nadf69042c2394be9b7706b710ec56b58 rdf:first N2be674db41464073929c5984631670f4
310 rdf:rest N2365827408f74066b110e0a19ec32a0f
311 Nae3e684079cc46c5bd65faa5bd238d45 rdf:first sg:person.010267003523.17
312 rdf:rest N7151ea593a6141048f41ecaf74b74084
313 Naef2d0444f954d20ae4e05c405819229 rdf:first sg:person.0642203011.44
314 rdf:rest N34cc867e44d143778bdfb59941c6dabf
315 Naf12417b9aa846bc80eac926d06b3877 schema:name APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France
316 rdf:type schema:Organization
317 Nb189184c55b84786885c86f63f9f6c33 rdf:first sg:person.01274336375.65
318 rdf:rest Na1103128a2b34857b17315654c00eff8
319 Nb1b0038c23dc4db9a38ec1b1e7d270f1 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d
320 schema:familyName Schwanke
321 schema:givenName U.
322 rdf:type schema:Person
323 Nb1f8b03dd38f4f9fad249dd3cb495615 rdf:first N9d584f924fdb4496a7d5c03530af3e83
324 rdf:rest Neb0c30118ccd417f87fa68d430212361
325 Nb35a891ce76e46ffb05cf5fb97b35136 rdf:first sg:person.07417526071.61
326 rdf:rest N26bff67a153b4c43b5f7bf364845b383
327 Nb4ff2d4af12146f79f010651855501b5 rdf:first sg:person.0676622046.12
328 rdf:rest Nf9c646fc3b5647bd84cad6b340b7711c
329 Nb538498d20704b44a1b673a9782edfaf schema:name Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
330 rdf:type schema:Organization
331 Nb69285fc2f154601aeedcfccdbb8ca9c rdf:first sg:person.0676300005.67
332 rdf:rest N4119a2284e01408288ad8c2350e91a12
333 Nb813e22c470242eebca6da11a2a34ea6 rdf:first Nb1b0038c23dc4db9a38ec1b1e7d270f1
334 rdf:rest Nc608fa6087594e88a881da8acfe2f2d5
335 Nb84a48515f73440785fd2bda0ad366f9 rdf:first sg:person.011072523550.03
336 rdf:rest Nec9f5d556e5445c9b07b36808a617b13
337 Nbb547dca27854f91a483a01a1ad6d6e8 rdf:first sg:person.0633004051.25
338 rdf:rest N1548e262cf2f4afb8b6a930d28445320
339 Nbd0e3cbd598d437f88778963564bebc7 rdf:first sg:person.07727450751.89
340 rdf:rest Nb35a891ce76e46ffb05cf5fb97b35136
341 Nbd4b5ffe8b9b4872bbca7f5dffc27e8f rdf:first N1a1cdda21e7e425b81e2779eb2ecd893
342 rdf:rest N4df6ead51f554624afaa8e494c561a57
343 Nbe085e79bf504593b06a3bd9612a693c schema:affiliation N21d15096284544caadb96c53a80c70c1
344 schema:familyName Schuster
345 schema:givenName C.
346 rdf:type schema:Person
347 Nc1918fb11fda46c2b44f94a6c6f9b716 rdf:first sg:person.0632500611.00
348 rdf:rest N73a1b85564ae44bc989db03fd4fc253f
349 Nc2c34494ab2244238f447b5d70efa2a9 rdf:first N34fdd5fafc684c2abfecfbe31c392a5f
350 rdf:rest Ndaa0c92167194c24a50408b345569a25
351 Nc36287838b3a43aeb4c5ff0e3fc879b6 rdf:first sg:person.015002056735.38
352 rdf:rest N81008fc7909e4c77a8cda48d3e7659a9
353 Nc3b51212e2024a57a1e0cf45f22e5b39 schema:name readcube_id
354 schema:value 1e0322dd5f404eeebe0b511ce5c2f176a3428947f36c10dbc2015ffa6687c166
355 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
356 Nc473f503ab7c4552ac6cb1d9bc3a148e rdf:first Ne0b142cfcab240ae9258a6b2b12f339b
357 rdf:rest N6cb10faa257f48f0a6b6b7ffe88049e9
358 Nc5baa7963f8d43e8b7f48d703f5b7109 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
359 schema:familyName Hermann
360 schema:givenName G.
361 rdf:type schema:Person
362 Nc608fa6087594e88a881da8acfe2f2d5 rdf:first sg:person.01347242404.41
363 rdf:rest N15bc28c6a2bb48f3b25d0cfcfeb045bf
364 Nc643491f68f4447381755555cce5e8f7 schema:name dimensions_id
365 schema:value pub.1006300646
366 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
367 Nc7d5d004550747ef99eaf4bf5ecc342b schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c
368 schema:familyName Leroy
369 schema:givenName N.
370 rdf:type schema:Person
371 Nc7fc16e0b0f543878144af9aafb0a25e schema:name APC, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, F-75231 Paris cedex 05, France
372 rdf:type schema:Organization
373 Nc8959d0063b74989a66ee0e28cef3ef5 rdf:first N84fd9ccc1d88450cb96ac392bc4a36af
374 rdf:rest Nef5362ae392d4766871a741ad42214b4
375 Ncb36f715094546aca59c9b8e4892f223 rdf:first sg:person.015102221635.24
376 rdf:rest Na74c8a18b5814b1aaf36cf919a2a2072
377 Ncbdc0f7d2e2744c9b36c311f798d4695 schema:name pubmed_id
378 schema:value 16625189
379 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
380 Nd075a5340b2349e891678fd4ce304917 rdf:first sg:person.01135132111.18
381 rdf:rest N89bc91b7b98a4043b65a235a82baf900
382 Nd586fb2efd1b4453905282eb398f864b schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
383 schema:familyName Berge
384 schema:givenName D.
385 rdf:type schema:Person
386 Nd77d162f05754435a2c70ab5c26bd8a7 schema:name nlm_unique_id
387 schema:value 0410462
388 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
389 Ndaa0c92167194c24a50408b345569a25 rdf:first Nfb36c5d05fdd489b89a0bb7ab772f594
390 rdf:rest N72bf2e15bf2745dd8d81c94b488e1295
391 Ndac25a0af0d640268aae0d53a346f5c5 rdf:first sg:person.0577251507.50
392 rdf:rest N6b922fd5cfa4440588d3adfbba08ecd9
393 Ne0b142cfcab240ae9258a6b2b12f339b schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
394 schema:familyName Nolan
395 schema:givenName S. J.
396 rdf:type schema:Person
397 Ne0d6b9cebd07435181278c395f18443f rdf:first sg:person.01351261147.74
398 rdf:rest Na58d95f038d4453783f05d325085b688
399 Ne1a905c1a7cb4fdaa695f03b791fb263 rdf:first sg:person.013070676401.15
400 rdf:rest Ndac25a0af0d640268aae0d53a346f5c5
401 Ne21fe413788e4535bafe65da0de4079f rdf:first sg:person.012265202603.15
402 rdf:rest Ne1a905c1a7cb4fdaa695f03b791fb263
403 Ne2dfc74a3c40473497f8475bd2cd5fb7 rdf:first sg:person.016417562474.43
404 rdf:rest Nae3e684079cc46c5bd65faa5bd238d45
405 Ne46e581164f2435188827f35bfa86e88 schema:name Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
406 rdf:type schema:Organization
407 Nead4bd4af6cb4f7287fb1d54e02a9dd8 rdf:first sg:person.010220421221.12
408 rdf:rest N14f209f77fb34d799eec0b3126dafc03
409 Neb0c30118ccd417f87fa68d430212361 rdf:first sg:person.01011201311.93
410 rdf:rest Nedfe8f5ebdd5489db132ec0294a4cf4e
411 Nec9f5d556e5445c9b07b36808a617b13 rdf:first sg:person.011166770201.01
412 rdf:rest Nbb547dca27854f91a483a01a1ad6d6e8
413 Nedfe8f5ebdd5489db132ec0294a4cf4e rdf:first sg:person.012353406224.66
414 rdf:rest N31c7911d75b54efdbd53c5847a27562c
415 Nef5362ae392d4766871a741ad42214b4 rdf:first N33720c5bcecb433880ca0076781534ef
416 rdf:rest Nfb97cfb179be400dbc0c348118269913
417 Nf42f8e59970347f9a1957b79c26c7843 rdf:first sg:person.01354457257.24
418 rdf:rest N80911589b0fd4dfd9be1ed80a1534c6f
419 Nf9c646fc3b5647bd84cad6b340b7711c rdf:first sg:person.014253642461.21
420 rdf:rest N82113eaea62d4cbf9819bc3850377cdd
421 Nfb36c5d05fdd489b89a0bb7ab772f594 schema:affiliation Nb538498d20704b44a1b673a9782edfaf
422 schema:familyName Reimer
423 schema:givenName A.
424 rdf:type schema:Person
425 Nfb97cfb179be400dbc0c348118269913 rdf:first sg:person.010700260554.07
426 rdf:rest N0288b259995a404f843ba9c9cd6ee1a4
427 Nfd4031351a14404280bcd66f5eb29267 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36
428 schema:familyName Vincent
429 schema:givenName P.
430 rdf:type schema:Person
431 Nfeae6b917ca84d769c625ebc308bffe0 rdf:first N1d054d3132f6407fa36d42ae624c77ee
432 rdf:rest Nb84a48515f73440785fd2bda0ad366f9
433 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
434 schema:name Physical Sciences
435 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
436 anzsrc-for:0201 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
437 schema:name Astronomical and Space Sciences
438 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
439 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
440 1476-4687
441 schema:name Nature
442 rdf:type schema:Periodical
443 sg:person.010034117773.56 schema:affiliation N225f27c4e17e420db6f33d18ad528f4d
444 schema:familyName Punch
445 schema:givenName M.
446 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010034117773.56
447 rdf:type schema:Person
448 sg:person.01011201311.93 schema:affiliation Naf12417b9aa846bc80eac926d06b3877
449 schema:familyName Djannati-Ataï
450 schema:givenName A.
451 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011201311.93
452 rdf:type schema:Person
453 sg:person.010220421221.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c
454 schema:familyName Saugé
455 schema:givenName L.
456 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010220421221.12
457 rdf:type schema:Person
458 sg:person.010267003523.17 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36
459 schema:familyName de Jager
460 schema:givenName O. C.
461 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010267003523.17
462 rdf:type schema:Person
463 sg:person.01043751211.35 schema:affiliation Nada0ede95ead4b3e9e25c333f26567aa
464 schema:familyName Bazer-Bachi
465 schema:givenName A. R.
466 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01043751211.35
467 rdf:type schema:Person
468 sg:person.01050525554.84 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
469 schema:familyName Noutsos
470 schema:givenName A.
471 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01050525554.84
472 rdf:type schema:Person
473 sg:person.01053363575.37 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c
474 schema:familyName Pelletier
475 schema:givenName G.
476 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01053363575.37
477 rdf:type schema:Person
478 sg:person.01060006672.23 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
479 schema:familyName Benbow
480 schema:givenName W.
481 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060006672.23
482 rdf:type schema:Person
483 sg:person.010602034211.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d
484 schema:familyName Bernlöhr
485 schema:givenName K.
486 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010602034211.38
487 rdf:type schema:Person
488 sg:person.01066727075.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.121334.6
489 schema:familyName Vasileiadis
490 schema:givenName G.
491 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01066727075.38
492 rdf:type schema:Person
493 sg:person.010700260554.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
494 schema:familyName Brown
495 schema:givenName A. M.
496 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010700260554.07
497 rdf:type schema:Person
498 sg:person.01075532052.41 schema:affiliation N91008edced9048169824f2f100b0439b
499 schema:familyName Borrel
500 schema:givenName V.
501 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01075532052.41
502 rdf:type schema:Person
503 sg:person.011070751367.06 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
504 schema:familyName Costamante
505 schema:givenName L.
506 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011070751367.06
507 rdf:type schema:Person
508 sg:person.011072523550.03 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10598.35
509 schema:familyName Steenkamp
510 schema:givenName R.
511 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011072523550.03
512 rdf:type schema:Person
513 sg:person.01113367710.23 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
514 schema:familyName Chadwick
515 schema:givenName P. M.
516 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01113367710.23
517 rdf:type schema:Person
518 sg:person.011166770201.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d
519 schema:familyName Stegmann
520 schema:givenName C.
521 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011166770201.01
522 rdf:type schema:Person
523 sg:person.01135132111.18 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
524 schema:familyName Hadjichristidis
525 schema:givenName C.
526 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01135132111.18
527 rdf:type schema:Person
528 sg:person.01140773211.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36
529 schema:familyName Holleran
530 schema:givenName M.
531 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01140773211.01
532 rdf:type schema:Person
533 sg:person.01145137551.60 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
534 schema:familyName Khélifi
535 schema:givenName B.
536 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01145137551.60
537 rdf:type schema:Person
538 sg:person.01150403603.78 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
539 schema:familyName Hinton
540 schema:givenName J. A.
541 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01150403603.78
542 rdf:type schema:Person
543 sg:person.01151000651.45 schema:affiliation N3c7ae347e43a4fb0a257829e7cf606b5
544 schema:familyName Marcowith
545 schema:givenName A.
546 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01151000651.45
547 rdf:type schema:Person
548 sg:person.011772261753.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
549 schema:familyName Horns
550 schema:givenName D.
551 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011772261753.41
552 rdf:type schema:Person
553 sg:person.012104731376.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c
554 schema:familyName Dubus
555 schema:givenName G.
556 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012104731376.41
557 rdf:type schema:Person
558 sg:person.01226223175.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
559 schema:familyName Le Gallou
560 schema:givenName R.
561 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01226223175.45
562 rdf:type schema:Person
563 sg:person.012265202603.15 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d
564 schema:familyName Komin
565 schema:givenName Nu.
566 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012265202603.15
567 rdf:type schema:Person
568 sg:person.012267716771.21 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
569 schema:familyName Funk
570 schema:givenName S.
571 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012267716771.21
572 rdf:type schema:Person
573 sg:person.012353406224.66 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.55940.3d
574 schema:familyName Drury
575 schema:givenName L. O'C.
576 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012353406224.66
577 rdf:type schema:Person
578 sg:person.012426726617.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4491.8
579 schema:familyName Rob
580 schema:givenName L.
581 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012426726617.61
582 rdf:type schema:Person
583 sg:person.01247366546.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e
584 schema:familyName Raux
585 schema:givenName J.
586 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01247366546.39
587 rdf:type schema:Person
588 sg:person.01267415703.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e
589 schema:familyName de Naurois
590 schema:givenName M.
591 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01267415703.50
592 rdf:type schema:Person
593 sg:person.012727014661.79 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
594 schema:familyName Orford
595 schema:givenName K. J.
596 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012727014661.79
597 rdf:type schema:Person
598 sg:person.01274336375.65 schema:affiliation N0cba4a1ecfa649389748cee97c350884
599 schema:familyName Lemière
600 schema:givenName A.
601 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01274336375.65
602 rdf:type schema:Person
603 sg:person.013070676401.15 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d
604 schema:familyName Konopelko
605 schema:givenName A.
606 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013070676401.15
607 rdf:type schema:Person
608 sg:person.013115641443.81 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.48507.3e
609 schema:familyName Akhperjanian
610 schema:givenName A. G.
611 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013115641443.81
612 rdf:type schema:Person
613 sg:person.013236053423.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e
614 schema:familyName Martineau-Huynh
615 schema:givenName O.
616 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013236053423.29
617 rdf:type schema:Person
618 sg:person.01325633045.01 schema:affiliation Ne46e581164f2435188827f35bfa86e88
619 schema:familyName Schlickeiser
620 schema:givenName R.
621 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01325633045.01
622 rdf:type schema:Person
623 sg:person.01347242404.41 schema:affiliation N087050391f884f389535d0d814e8a6ae
624 schema:familyName Siewert
625 schema:givenName M.
626 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01347242404.41
627 rdf:type schema:Person
628 sg:person.01351261147.74 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
629 schema:familyName Bolz
630 schema:givenName O.
631 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01351261147.74
632 rdf:type schema:Person
633 sg:person.013533472736.72 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464187.8
634 schema:familyName Sol
635 schema:givenName H.
636 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013533472736.72
637 rdf:type schema:Person
638 sg:person.01354457257.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
639 schema:familyName Aharonian
640 schema:givenName F.
641 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01354457257.24
642 rdf:type schema:Person
643 sg:person.01360763347.14 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c
644 schema:familyName Fuchs
645 schema:givenName Y.
646 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01360763347.14
647 rdf:type schema:Person
648 sg:person.01363262356.52 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
649 schema:familyName Panter
650 schema:givenName M.
651 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01363262356.52
652 rdf:type schema:Person
653 sg:person.01365607111.25 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d
654 schema:familyName Heinzelmann
655 schema:givenName G.
656 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01365607111.25
657 rdf:type schema:Person
658 sg:person.013750721171.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
659 schema:familyName van Eldik
660 schema:givenName C.
661 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013750721171.53
662 rdf:type schema:Person
663 sg:person.014253642461.21 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
664 schema:familyName McComb
665 schema:givenName T. J. L.
666 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014253642461.21
667 rdf:type schema:Person
668 sg:person.014734251162.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.48507.3e
669 schema:familyName Sahakian
670 schema:givenName V.
671 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014734251162.43
672 rdf:type schema:Person
673 sg:person.015002056735.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d
674 schema:familyName Ripken
675 schema:givenName J.
676 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015002056735.38
677 rdf:type schema:Person
678 sg:person.015102221635.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c
679 schema:familyName Giebels
680 schema:givenName B.
681 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015102221635.24
682 rdf:type schema:Person
683 sg:person.015122625535.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
684 schema:familyName Rowell
685 schema:givenName G.
686 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015122625535.39
687 rdf:type schema:Person
688 sg:person.015364747021.72 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c
689 schema:familyName Chounet
690 schema:givenName L.-M.
691 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015364747021.72
692 rdf:type schema:Person
693 sg:person.015446040615.30 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464187.8
694 schema:familyName Boisson
695 schema:givenName C.
696 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015446040615.30
697 rdf:type schema:Person
698 sg:person.015657543407.28 schema:affiliation Nc7fc16e0b0f543878144af9aafb0a25e
699 schema:familyName Terrier
700 schema:givenName R.
701 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015657543407.28
702 rdf:type schema:Person
703 sg:person.016212272663.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c
704 schema:familyName Lemoine-Goumard
705 schema:givenName M.
706 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016212272663.63
707 rdf:type schema:Person
708 sg:person.016417562474.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.121334.6
709 schema:familyName Jacholkowska
710 schema:givenName A.
711 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016417562474.43
712 rdf:type schema:Person
713 sg:person.016573273465.57 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
714 schema:familyName Gillessen
715 schema:givenName S.
716 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016573273465.57
717 rdf:type schema:Person
718 sg:person.016614747013.96 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d
719 schema:familyName Beilicke
720 schema:givenName M.
721 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016614747013.96
722 rdf:type schema:Person
723 sg:person.0577251507.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f
724 schema:familyName Latham
725 schema:givenName I. J.
726 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0577251507.50
727 rdf:type schema:Person
728 sg:person.0612615007.96 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e
729 schema:familyName Rolland
730 schema:givenName L.
731 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612615007.96
732 rdf:type schema:Person
733 sg:person.0626637511.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c
734 schema:familyName Degrange
735 schema:givenName B.
736 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626637511.07
737 rdf:type schema:Person
738 sg:person.0632500611.00 schema:affiliation N72f97292202d4b868983b478202615ed
739 schema:familyName Emmanoulopoulos
740 schema:givenName D.
741 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0632500611.00
742 rdf:type schema:Person
743 sg:person.0633004051.25 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e
744 schema:familyName Tavernet
745 schema:givenName J.-P.
746 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0633004051.25
747 rdf:type schema:Person
748 sg:person.0642203011.44 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c
749 schema:familyName Henri
750 schema:givenName G.
751 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0642203011.44
752 rdf:type schema:Person
753 sg:person.0664261452.49 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.121334.6
754 schema:familyName Feinstein
755 schema:givenName F.
756 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664261452.49
757 rdf:type schema:Person
758 sg:person.0672351224.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e
759 schema:familyName Ouchrif
760 schema:givenName M.
761 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0672351224.89
762 rdf:type schema:Person
763 sg:person.0676300005.67 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c
764 schema:familyName Tluczykont
765 schema:givenName M.
766 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0676300005.67
767 rdf:type schema:Person
768 sg:person.0676622046.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e
769 schema:familyName Masterson
770 schema:givenName C.
771 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0676622046.12
772 rdf:type schema:Person
773 sg:person.0700614011.73 schema:affiliation N11a881fbf83b4bd7b5e63e948eda767e
774 schema:familyName Espigat
775 schema:givenName P.
776 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0700614011.73
777 rdf:type schema:Person
778 sg:person.0714067475.73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d
779 schema:familyName Cornils
780 schema:givenName R.
781 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0714067475.73
782 rdf:type schema:Person
783 sg:person.07417526071.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d
784 schema:familyName Raue
785 schema:givenName M.
786 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07417526071.61
787 rdf:type schema:Person
788 sg:person.07524101163.47 schema:affiliation N092f73b228f545a18edbad387e05f522
789 schema:familyName Pühlhofer
790 schema:givenName G.
791 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07524101163.47
792 rdf:type schema:Person
793 sg:person.07655172424.07 schema:affiliation N33e8479967e3428197d707066883bc00
794 schema:familyName Reimer
795 schema:givenName O.
796 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07655172424.07
797 rdf:type schema:Person
798 sg:person.07722026071.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.121334.6
799 schema:familyName Gallant
800 schema:givenName Y. A.
801 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07722026071.29
802 rdf:type schema:Person
803 sg:person.07727450751.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36
804 schema:familyName Raubenheimer
805 schema:givenName B. C.
806 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07727450751.89
807 rdf:type schema:Person
808 sg:person.07741645725.35 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36
809 schema:familyName Venter
810 schema:givenName C.
811 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07741645725.35
812 rdf:type schema:Person
813 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physrep.2004.12.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042251564
814 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
815 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0370-2693(00)01113-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046093966
816 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
817 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.2000.03268.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012855129
818 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
819 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.05895.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026853679
820 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
821 https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011749 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056928189
822 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
823 https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20030326 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056930447
824 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
825 https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041853 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056933956
826 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
827 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1370813 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047141826
828 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
829 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1878394 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042231971
830 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
831 https://doi.org/10.1086/186369 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058515878
832 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
833 https://doi.org/10.1086/311714 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058619193
834 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
835 https://doi.org/10.1086/319646 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037770467
836 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
837 https://doi.org/10.1086/320942 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009909407
838 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
839 https://doi.org/10.1086/321470 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014927428
840 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
841 https://doi.org/10.1086/339422 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019763121
842 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
843 https://doi.org/10.1086/342700 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023536248
844 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
845 https://doi.org/10.1086/375182 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020173380
846 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
847 https://doi.org/10.1086/422585 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008345274
848 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
849 https://doi.org/10.1086/426010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003323861
850 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
851 https://doi.org/10.1086/429383 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058716157
852 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
853 https://doi.org/10.1086/497569 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046043530
854 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
855 https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/64/4/201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012807271
856 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
857 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.252 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060768738
858 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
859 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.16.479 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060768831
860 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
861 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.astro.39.1.249 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005798424
862 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
863 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10598.35 schema:alternateName University of Namibia
864 schema:name University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
865 rdf:type schema:Organization
866 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.121334.6 schema:alternateName University of Montpellier
867 schema:name Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Astroparticules, IN2P3/CNRS, Université Montpellier II, CC 70, Place Eugène Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
868 rdf:type schema:Organization
869 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25881.36 schema:alternateName North-West University
870 schema:name Unit for Space Physics, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
871 rdf:type schema:Organization
872 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419604.e schema:alternateName Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics
873 schema:name European Associated Laboratory for Gamma-Ray Astronomy
874 Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany
875 rdf:type schema:Organization
876 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4491.8 schema:alternateName Charles University
877 schema:name Institute of Particle and Nuclear Physics, Charles University, V Holesovickach 2, 180 00 Prague 8, Czech Republic
878 rdf:type schema:Organization
879 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463805.c schema:alternateName Leprince Ringuet laboratory
880 schema:name European Associated Laboratory for Gamma-Ray Astronomy
881 Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, IN2P3/CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, F-91128 Palaiseau, France
882 rdf:type schema:Organization
883 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463935.e schema:alternateName Laboratoire Physique nucléaire et Hautes Energies
884 schema:name European Associated Laboratory for Gamma-Ray Astronomy
885 Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies, IN2P3/CNRS, Universités Paris VI & VII, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris cedex 5, France
886 rdf:type schema:Organization
887 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464187.8 schema:alternateName Laboratory Universe and Theories
888 schema:name LUTH, UMR 8102 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Section de Meudon, F-92195 Meudon cedex, France
889 rdf:type schema:Organization
890 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.48507.3e schema:alternateName Alikhanyan National Laboratory
891 schema:name Yerevan Physics Institute, 2 Alikhanian Brothers Street, 375036 Yerevan, Armenia
892 rdf:type schema:Organization
893 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.55940.3d schema:alternateName Dublin Institute For Advanced Studies
894 schema:name Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 5 Merrion Square, Dublin 2, Ireland
895 rdf:type schema:Organization
896 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7468.d schema:alternateName Humboldt University of Berlin
897 schema:name Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D 12489 Berlin, Germany
898 Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, PO Box 103980, D 69029 Heidelberg, Germany
899 rdf:type schema:Organization
900 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8250.f schema:alternateName Durham University
901 schema:name University of Durham, Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
902 rdf:type schema:Organization
903 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9026.d schema:alternateName University of Hamburg
904 schema:name Universität Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, D 22761 Hamburg, Gemany
905 rdf:type schema:Organization
906 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c schema:alternateName Joseph Fourier University
907 schema:name Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, INSU/CNRS, Université Joseph Fourier, BP 53, F-38041 Grenoble cedex 9, France
908 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...