Uncertainty in predictions of the climate response to rising levels of greenhouse gases View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2005-01

AUTHORS

D. A. Stainforth, T. Aina, C. Christensen, M. Collins, N. Faull, D. J. Frame, J. A. Kettleborough, S. Knight, A. Martin, J. M. Murphy, C. Piani, D. Sexton, L. A. Smith, R. A. Spicer, A. J. Thorpe, M. R. Allen

ABSTRACT

Climate models: net gainsIn the climateprediction.net project, thousands of individuals have volunteered spare computing capacity on their PCs to help quantify uncertainty in the way our climate responds to increasing levels of greenhouse gases. By running a state-of-the-art climate model thousands of times, it is possible to find out how the model responds to slight changes in the approximations of physical processes that cannot be calculated explicitly. The first batch of results has now been analysed, and surface temperature changes in simulations that capture the climate realistically are ranging from below 2 °C to more than 11 °C. These represent the possible long-term change, averaged over the whole planet, as a result of doubling the levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide in the model. This is the first time that complex models have been found with such a wide range of responses. Their existence will help in quantifying the risks associated with climate change on a regional level. More... »

PAGES

403-406

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature03301

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature03301

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030001284

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15674288


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0401", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Atmospheric Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Stainforth", 
        "givenName": "D. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01357463170.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01357463170.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Aina", 
        "givenName": "T.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0660566464.57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0660566464.57"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3QD, Oxford, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3QD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Christensen", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0714660552.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0714660552.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Met Office, EX1 3PB, Exeter, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37", 
          "name": [
            "Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Met Office, EX1 3PB, Exeter, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Collins", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013273650700.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013273650700.59"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Faull", 
        "givenName": "N.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0775015064.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0775015064.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Frame", 
        "givenName": "D. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0612453264.08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612453264.08"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, OX11 0QX, Chilton, Oxfordshire, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37", 
          "name": [
            "Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, OX11 0QX, Chilton, Oxfordshire, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kettleborough", 
        "givenName": "J. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016335101543.46", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016335101543.46"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Knight", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01213450752.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01213450752.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3QD, Oxford, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3QD, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Martin", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01007107550.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01007107550.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Met Office, EX1 3PB, Exeter, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37", 
          "name": [
            "Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Met Office, EX1 3PB, Exeter, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Murphy", 
        "givenName": "J. M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.07573103435.16", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07573103435.16"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Piani", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016370414215.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016370414215.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Met Office, EX1 3PB, Exeter, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37", 
          "name": [
            "Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Met Office, EX1 3PB, Exeter, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sexton", 
        "givenName": "D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014153746435.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014153746435.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "London School of Economics, WC2A 2AE, London, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13063.37", 
          "name": [
            "London School of Economics, WC2A 2AE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Smith", 
        "givenName": "L. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01311107650.87", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01311107650.87"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, MK7 6AA, Milton Keynes, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10837.3d", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, MK7 6AA, Milton Keynes, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Spicer", 
        "givenName": "R. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014375172605.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014375172605.56"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, RG6 6BB, Reading, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9435.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, RG6 6BB, Reading, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Thorpe", 
        "givenName": "A. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014730304435.09", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014730304435.09"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4991.5", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Allen", 
        "givenName": "M. R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0600474550.17", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0600474550.17"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s003820050009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002170907", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s003820050009"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35075167", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050710036", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35075167"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35036559", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016303772", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35036559"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044980256", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01092a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/416723a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022821020", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/416723a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/415512a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016943344", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/415512a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/416719a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016686487", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/416719a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/44266", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034790274", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/44266"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02771", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036499414", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02771"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046916950", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01092"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2005-01", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2005-01-01", 
    "description": "Climate models: net gainsIn the climateprediction.net project, thousands of individuals have volunteered spare computing capacity on their PCs to help quantify uncertainty in the way our climate responds to increasing levels of greenhouse gases. By running a state-of-the-art climate model thousands of times, it is possible to find out how the model responds to slight changes in the approximations of physical processes that cannot be calculated explicitly. The first batch of results has now been analysed, and surface temperature changes in simulations that capture the climate realistically are ranging from below 2 \u00b0C to more than 11 \u00b0C. These represent the possible long-term change, averaged over the whole planet, as a result of doubling the levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide in the model. This is the first time that complex models have been found with such a wide range of responses. Their existence will help in quantifying the risks associated with climate change on a regional level.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature03301", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0028-0836", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "7024", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "433"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "greenhouse gases", 
      "surface temperature changes", 
      "atmospheric carbon dioxide", 
      "possible long-term changes", 
      "long-term changes", 
      "climate response", 
      "climate change", 
      "whole planet", 
      "physical processes", 
      "temperature changes", 
      "climate", 
      "carbon dioxide", 
      "gases", 
      "uncertainty", 
      "planets", 
      "complex models", 
      "changes", 
      "slight changes", 
      "regional level", 
      "thousands", 
      "model", 
      "dioxide", 
      "first time", 
      "wide range", 
      "prediction", 
      "simulations", 
      "time", 
      "range", 
      "process", 
      "results", 
      "project", 
      "levels", 
      "existence", 
      "response", 
      "batch", 
      "computing capacity", 
      "state", 
      "first batch", 
      "capacity", 
      "approximation", 
      "way", 
      "risk", 
      "thousands of individuals", 
      "PC", 
      "individuals", 
      "net gainsIn", 
      "gainsIn", 
      "spare computing capacity", 
      "art climate model thousands", 
      "climate model thousands", 
      "model thousands"
    ], 
    "name": "Uncertainty in predictions of the climate response to rising levels of greenhouse gases", 
    "pagination": "403-406", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1030001284"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/nature03301"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "15674288"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03301", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030001284"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:14", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_395.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03301"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature03301'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature03301'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature03301'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature03301'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

275 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      88 URIs      70 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/nature03301 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
2 anzsrc-for:0401
3 schema:author Nb32feded036f4ee389a9b657c0ebab02
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s003820050009
5 sg:pub.10.1038/35036559
6 sg:pub.10.1038/35075167
7 sg:pub.10.1038/415512a
8 sg:pub.10.1038/416719a
9 sg:pub.10.1038/416723a
10 sg:pub.10.1038/44266
11 sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092
12 sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092a
13 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02771
14 schema:datePublished 2005-01
15 schema:datePublishedReg 2005-01-01
16 schema:description Climate models: net gainsIn the climateprediction.net project, thousands of individuals have volunteered spare computing capacity on their PCs to help quantify uncertainty in the way our climate responds to increasing levels of greenhouse gases. By running a state-of-the-art climate model thousands of times, it is possible to find out how the model responds to slight changes in the approximations of physical processes that cannot be calculated explicitly. The first batch of results has now been analysed, and surface temperature changes in simulations that capture the climate realistically are ranging from below 2 °C to more than 11 °C. These represent the possible long-term change, averaged over the whole planet, as a result of doubling the levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide in the model. This is the first time that complex models have been found with such a wide range of responses. Their existence will help in quantifying the risks associated with climate change on a regional level.
17 schema:genre article
18 schema:inLanguage en
19 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
20 schema:isPartOf Nd3b793108d7447e8b5d42335368ad76a
21 Nfb5d461f9fda4e2999c0fbc4eaec8a45
22 sg:journal.1018957
23 schema:keywords PC
24 approximation
25 art climate model thousands
26 atmospheric carbon dioxide
27 batch
28 capacity
29 carbon dioxide
30 changes
31 climate
32 climate change
33 climate model thousands
34 climate response
35 complex models
36 computing capacity
37 dioxide
38 existence
39 first batch
40 first time
41 gainsIn
42 gases
43 greenhouse gases
44 individuals
45 levels
46 long-term changes
47 model
48 model thousands
49 net gainsIn
50 physical processes
51 planets
52 possible long-term changes
53 prediction
54 process
55 project
56 range
57 regional level
58 response
59 results
60 risk
61 simulations
62 slight changes
63 spare computing capacity
64 state
65 surface temperature changes
66 temperature changes
67 thousands
68 thousands of individuals
69 time
70 uncertainty
71 way
72 whole planet
73 wide range
74 schema:name Uncertainty in predictions of the climate response to rising levels of greenhouse gases
75 schema:pagination 403-406
76 schema:productId N2f86ff3e97bf4890b1a88ab0aaa93c53
77 N4d1516a9ba9248c3bd5e9594e200cce3
78 Na7ed54f1f9314164b483f49e784b4ee4
79 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030001284
80 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03301
81 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:14
82 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
83 schema:sdPublisher Nb9d59a6979d143acb28316f0ea377a03
84 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03301
85 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
86 sgo:sdDataset articles
87 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
88 N128601795bf241d1bf21d545a96a95b8 rdf:first sg:person.0600474550.17
89 rdf:rest rdf:nil
90 N1573b7645a4644b09059b4080569184e rdf:first sg:person.016370414215.32
91 rdf:rest N8e1441b30ffa43f6936ffdf257583f20
92 N248b2fb7b7b74e399056cb2aee2d7910 rdf:first sg:person.016335101543.46
93 rdf:rest Nf1ac6706d925412986b299d90c1227ff
94 N2f86ff3e97bf4890b1a88ab0aaa93c53 schema:name doi
95 schema:value 10.1038/nature03301
96 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
97 N472712f785704a758cb85e111186eb5d rdf:first sg:person.01311107650.87
98 rdf:rest Nc6ea27c7c3bd46f3b8afa070805a65cd
99 N4d1516a9ba9248c3bd5e9594e200cce3 schema:name pubmed_id
100 schema:value 15674288
101 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
102 N641c83aad328461a8d904fc8110725f3 rdf:first sg:person.013273650700.59
103 rdf:rest Ned009a50c17645449dd0d54f6f6ba98e
104 N6bfd8610afe94594973ce7df1d258ed9 rdf:first sg:person.014730304435.09
105 rdf:rest N128601795bf241d1bf21d545a96a95b8
106 N7dd9ed62f0ed4ef4b47efa56f55e0366 rdf:first sg:person.0714660552.88
107 rdf:rest N641c83aad328461a8d904fc8110725f3
108 N8e1441b30ffa43f6936ffdf257583f20 rdf:first sg:person.014153746435.96
109 rdf:rest N472712f785704a758cb85e111186eb5d
110 N9be324af20504eb1a416e6444016b190 rdf:first sg:person.01007107550.83
111 rdf:rest Nc052fba8210d4c87bbcaee57ac0c31b9
112 Na2c0871eeab54c6baf80f4b7558b283a rdf:first sg:person.0612453264.08
113 rdf:rest N248b2fb7b7b74e399056cb2aee2d7910
114 Na7ed54f1f9314164b483f49e784b4ee4 schema:name dimensions_id
115 schema:value pub.1030001284
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 Nb32feded036f4ee389a9b657c0ebab02 rdf:first sg:person.01357463170.43
118 rdf:rest Nd202077951e14d8faef9c1e80c17afab
119 Nb9d59a6979d143acb28316f0ea377a03 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
120 rdf:type schema:Organization
121 Nc052fba8210d4c87bbcaee57ac0c31b9 rdf:first sg:person.07573103435.16
122 rdf:rest N1573b7645a4644b09059b4080569184e
123 Nc6ea27c7c3bd46f3b8afa070805a65cd rdf:first sg:person.014375172605.56
124 rdf:rest N6bfd8610afe94594973ce7df1d258ed9
125 Nd202077951e14d8faef9c1e80c17afab rdf:first sg:person.0660566464.57
126 rdf:rest N7dd9ed62f0ed4ef4b47efa56f55e0366
127 Nd3b793108d7447e8b5d42335368ad76a schema:volumeNumber 433
128 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
129 Ned009a50c17645449dd0d54f6f6ba98e rdf:first sg:person.0775015064.01
130 rdf:rest Na2c0871eeab54c6baf80f4b7558b283a
131 Nf1ac6706d925412986b299d90c1227ff rdf:first sg:person.01213450752.12
132 rdf:rest N9be324af20504eb1a416e6444016b190
133 Nfb5d461f9fda4e2999c0fbc4eaec8a45 schema:issueNumber 7024
134 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
135 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
136 schema:name Earth Sciences
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 anzsrc-for:0401 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
139 schema:name Atmospheric Sciences
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0028-0836
142 1476-4687
143 schema:name Nature
144 schema:publisher Springer Nature
145 rdf:type schema:Periodical
146 sg:person.01007107550.83 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4991.5
147 schema:familyName Martin
148 schema:givenName A.
149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01007107550.83
150 rdf:type schema:Person
151 sg:person.01213450752.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4991.5
152 schema:familyName Knight
153 schema:givenName S.
154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01213450752.12
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 sg:person.01311107650.87 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.13063.37
157 schema:familyName Smith
158 schema:givenName L. A.
159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01311107650.87
160 rdf:type schema:Person
161 sg:person.013273650700.59 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.17100.37
162 schema:familyName Collins
163 schema:givenName M.
164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013273650700.59
165 rdf:type schema:Person
166 sg:person.01357463170.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4991.5
167 schema:familyName Stainforth
168 schema:givenName D. A.
169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01357463170.43
170 rdf:type schema:Person
171 sg:person.014153746435.96 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.17100.37
172 schema:familyName Sexton
173 schema:givenName D.
174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014153746435.96
175 rdf:type schema:Person
176 sg:person.014375172605.56 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10837.3d
177 schema:familyName Spicer
178 schema:givenName R. A.
179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014375172605.56
180 rdf:type schema:Person
181 sg:person.014730304435.09 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9435.b
182 schema:familyName Thorpe
183 schema:givenName A. J.
184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014730304435.09
185 rdf:type schema:Person
186 sg:person.016335101543.46 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.76978.37
187 schema:familyName Kettleborough
188 schema:givenName J. A.
189 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016335101543.46
190 rdf:type schema:Person
191 sg:person.016370414215.32 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4991.5
192 schema:familyName Piani
193 schema:givenName C.
194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016370414215.32
195 rdf:type schema:Person
196 sg:person.0600474550.17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4991.5
197 schema:familyName Allen
198 schema:givenName M. R.
199 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0600474550.17
200 rdf:type schema:Person
201 sg:person.0612453264.08 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4991.5
202 schema:familyName Frame
203 schema:givenName D. J.
204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612453264.08
205 rdf:type schema:Person
206 sg:person.0660566464.57 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4991.5
207 schema:familyName Aina
208 schema:givenName T.
209 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0660566464.57
210 rdf:type schema:Person
211 sg:person.0714660552.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4991.5
212 schema:familyName Christensen
213 schema:givenName C.
214 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0714660552.88
215 rdf:type schema:Person
216 sg:person.07573103435.16 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.17100.37
217 schema:familyName Murphy
218 schema:givenName J. M.
219 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07573103435.16
220 rdf:type schema:Person
221 sg:person.0775015064.01 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4991.5
222 schema:familyName Faull
223 schema:givenName N.
224 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0775015064.01
225 rdf:type schema:Person
226 sg:pub.10.1007/s003820050009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002170907
227 https://doi.org/10.1007/s003820050009
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 sg:pub.10.1038/35036559 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016303772
230 https://doi.org/10.1038/35036559
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 sg:pub.10.1038/35075167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050710036
233 https://doi.org/10.1038/35075167
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 sg:pub.10.1038/415512a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016943344
236 https://doi.org/10.1038/415512a
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 sg:pub.10.1038/416719a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016686487
239 https://doi.org/10.1038/416719a
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 sg:pub.10.1038/416723a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022821020
242 https://doi.org/10.1038/416723a
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 sg:pub.10.1038/44266 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034790274
245 https://doi.org/10.1038/44266
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046916950
248 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01092
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044980256
251 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01092a
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02771 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036499414
254 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02771
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 grid-institutes:grid.10837.3d schema:alternateName Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, MK7 6AA, Milton Keynes, UK
257 schema:name Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, MK7 6AA, Milton Keynes, UK
258 rdf:type schema:Organization
259 grid-institutes:grid.13063.37 schema:alternateName London School of Economics, WC2A 2AE, London, UK
260 schema:name London School of Economics, WC2A 2AE, London, UK
261 rdf:type schema:Organization
262 grid-institutes:grid.17100.37 schema:alternateName Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Met Office, EX1 3PB, Exeter, UK
263 schema:name Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Met Office, EX1 3PB, Exeter, UK
264 rdf:type schema:Organization
265 grid-institutes:grid.4991.5 schema:alternateName Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3QD, Oxford, UK
266 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK
267 schema:name Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3QD, Oxford, UK
268 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PU, Oxford, UK
269 rdf:type schema:Organization
270 grid-institutes:grid.76978.37 schema:alternateName Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, OX11 0QX, Chilton, Oxfordshire, UK
271 schema:name Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, OX11 0QX, Chilton, Oxfordshire, UK
272 rdf:type schema:Organization
273 grid-institutes:grid.9435.b schema:alternateName Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, RG6 6BB, Reading, UK
274 schema:name Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, RG6 6BB, Reading, UK
275 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...