Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser–plasma interactions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-09

AUTHORS

S. P. D. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, K. Krushelnick

ABSTRACT

High-power lasers that fit into a university-scale laboratory can now reach focused intensities of more than 10(19) W cm(-2) at high repetition rates. Such lasers are capable of producing beams of energetic electrons, protons and gamma-rays. Relativistic electrons are generated through the breaking of large-amplitude relativistic plasma waves created in the wake of the laser pulse as it propagates through a plasma, or through a direct interaction between the laser field and the electrons in the plasma. However, the electron beams produced from previous laser-plasma experiments have a large energy spread, limiting their use for potential applications. Here we report high-resolution energy measurements of the electron beams produced from intense laser-plasma interactions, showing that--under particular plasma conditions--it is possible to generate beams of relativistic electrons with low divergence and a small energy spread (less than three per cent). The monoenergetic features were observed in the electron energy spectrum for plasma densities just above a threshold required for breaking of the plasma wave. These features were observed consistently in the electron spectrum, although the energy of the beam was observed to vary from shot to shot. If the issue of energy reproducibility can be addressed, it should be possible to generate ultrashort monoenergetic electron bunches of tunable energy, holding great promise for the future development of 'table-top' particle accelerators. More... »

PAGES

535

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02939

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02939

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000739651

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15457251


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0202", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Imperial College London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2", 
          "name": [
            "The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mangles", 
        "givenName": "S. P. D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012773222110.54", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012773222110.54"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rutherford Appleton Laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37", 
          "name": [
            "The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK", 
            "Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Murphy", 
        "givenName": "C. D.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0711251167.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0711251167.48"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Imperial College London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2", 
          "name": [
            "The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Najmudin", 
        "givenName": "Z.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0720650472.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0720650472.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Imperial College London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2", 
          "name": [
            "The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Thomas", 
        "givenName": "A. G. R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012134343512.64", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012134343512.64"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rutherford Appleton Laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37", 
          "name": [
            "Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Collier", 
        "givenName": "J. L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013523622077.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013523622077.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Imperial College London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2", 
          "name": [
            "The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dangor", 
        "givenName": "A. E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012462176164.64", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012462176164.64"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rutherford Appleton Laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37", 
          "name": [
            "Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Divall", 
        "givenName": "E. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014611074123.95", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014611074123.95"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rutherford Appleton Laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37", 
          "name": [
            "Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Foster", 
        "givenName": "P. S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01132150317.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01132150317.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Strathclyde", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11984.35", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gallacher", 
        "givenName": "J. G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01200263517.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01200263517.15"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rutherford Appleton Laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37", 
          "name": [
            "Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hooker", 
        "givenName": "C. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01141726167.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01141726167.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Strathclyde", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11984.35", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jaroszynski", 
        "givenName": "D. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0731066174.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0731066174.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rutherford Appleton Laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37", 
          "name": [
            "Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Langley", 
        "givenName": "A. J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01210041367.09", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01210041367.09"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of California Los Angeles", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mori", 
        "givenName": "W. B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010171560045.72", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010171560045.72"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Rutherford Appleton Laboratory", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37", 
          "name": [
            "Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Norreys", 
        "givenName": "P. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0637221217.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0637221217.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of California Los Angeles", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tsung", 
        "givenName": "F. S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01061255711.53", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01061255711.53"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Strathclyde", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11984.35", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Viskup", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014524167534.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014524167534.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Imperial College London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2", 
          "name": [
            "The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Walton", 
        "givenName": "B. R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0707606330.35", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0707606330.35"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Imperial College London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2", 
          "name": [
            "The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Krushelnick", 
        "givenName": "K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01354756077.46", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01354756077.46"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1364515", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017336252"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/377606a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020796645", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/377606a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.872867", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022562826"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(90)90813-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032921745"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(90)90813-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032921745"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s003400200795", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036286271", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s003400200795"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.873242", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051110938"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.100300", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057647893"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1447556", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057707249"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1464221", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057709256"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1595054", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057723980"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.872332", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058124441"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.41.4463", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060481299"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.41.4463", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060481299"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.43.267", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060784401"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.43.267", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060784401"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.76.2073", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060812760"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.76.2073", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060812760"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.78.3125", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060815113"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.78.3125", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060815113"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.81.104", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060817849"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.81.104", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060817849"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.81.995", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060818858"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.81.995", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060818858"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.84.670", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060821552"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.84.670", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060821552"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.86.1227", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060822527"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.86.1227", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060822527"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/27.509991", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061140128"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1076782", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062446980"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.264.5161.917", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062548164"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2004-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2004-09-01", 
    "description": "High-power lasers that fit into a university-scale laboratory can now reach focused intensities of more than 10(19) W cm(-2) at high repetition rates. Such lasers are capable of producing beams of energetic electrons, protons and gamma-rays. Relativistic electrons are generated through the breaking of large-amplitude relativistic plasma waves created in the wake of the laser pulse as it propagates through a plasma, or through a direct interaction between the laser field and the electrons in the plasma. However, the electron beams produced from previous laser-plasma experiments have a large energy spread, limiting their use for potential applications. Here we report high-resolution energy measurements of the electron beams produced from intense laser-plasma interactions, showing that--under particular plasma conditions--it is possible to generate beams of relativistic electrons with low divergence and a small energy spread (less than three per cent). The monoenergetic features were observed in the electron energy spectrum for plasma densities just above a threshold required for breaking of the plasma wave. These features were observed consistently in the electron spectrum, although the energy of the beam was observed to vary from shot to shot. If the issue of energy reproducibility can be addressed, it should be possible to generate ultrashort monoenergetic electron bunches of tunable energy, holding great promise for the future development of 'table-top' particle accelerators.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02939", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
        "issn": [
          "0090-0028", 
          "1476-4687"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "7008", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "431"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser\u2013plasma interactions", 
    "pagination": "535", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0385a6650351e9a46da83c5deb07a8eef2116cf43b29dce3eaf7a842e258533b"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "15457251"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0410462"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/nature02939"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1000739651"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02939", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000739651"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T12:23", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000362_0000000362/records_87094_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/nature02939"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02939'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02939'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02939'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02939'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

266 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      51 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02939 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
2 anzsrc-for:0202
3 schema:author N5d83a289338d4d568c9ac76b6fa9e374
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s003400200795
5 sg:pub.10.1038/377606a0
6 https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(90)90813-4
7 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.100300
8 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1364515
9 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1447556
10 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1464221
11 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1595054
12 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.872332
13 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.872867
14 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.873242
15 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.41.4463
16 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.43.267
17 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.76.2073
18 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.78.3125
19 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.81.104
20 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.81.995
21 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.84.670
22 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.86.1227
23 https://doi.org/10.1109/27.509991
24 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1076782
25 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.264.5161.917
26 schema:datePublished 2004-09
27 schema:datePublishedReg 2004-09-01
28 schema:description High-power lasers that fit into a university-scale laboratory can now reach focused intensities of more than 10(19) W cm(-2) at high repetition rates. Such lasers are capable of producing beams of energetic electrons, protons and gamma-rays. Relativistic electrons are generated through the breaking of large-amplitude relativistic plasma waves created in the wake of the laser pulse as it propagates through a plasma, or through a direct interaction between the laser field and the electrons in the plasma. However, the electron beams produced from previous laser-plasma experiments have a large energy spread, limiting their use for potential applications. Here we report high-resolution energy measurements of the electron beams produced from intense laser-plasma interactions, showing that--under particular plasma conditions--it is possible to generate beams of relativistic electrons with low divergence and a small energy spread (less than three per cent). The monoenergetic features were observed in the electron energy spectrum for plasma densities just above a threshold required for breaking of the plasma wave. These features were observed consistently in the electron spectrum, although the energy of the beam was observed to vary from shot to shot. If the issue of energy reproducibility can be addressed, it should be possible to generate ultrashort monoenergetic electron bunches of tunable energy, holding great promise for the future development of 'table-top' particle accelerators.
29 schema:genre research_article
30 schema:inLanguage en
31 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
32 schema:isPartOf N0297a2bb551e4c6fb77555304d1f718d
33 Na9513318f54041e98e498a1eff56c672
34 sg:journal.1018957
35 schema:name Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser–plasma interactions
36 schema:pagination 535
37 schema:productId N026c47cc5ae845f48a16e9806b681053
38 N2c07b5a0255f4b3c9e07c5928064642d
39 N9bbb3eb93dc34c70bb445f78c6d14d49
40 Nc0b4534f08f44f01bf5ef248009c458b
41 Ndbdfa6cbdd10495e8dde6ed8c4f08aeb
42 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000739651
43 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02939
44 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T12:23
45 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
46 schema:sdPublisher N3f3af29b027040db8ce9ded7b8cf8fd3
47 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/nature02939
48 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
49 sgo:sdDataset articles
50 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
51 N026c47cc5ae845f48a16e9806b681053 schema:name readcube_id
52 schema:value 0385a6650351e9a46da83c5deb07a8eef2116cf43b29dce3eaf7a842e258533b
53 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
54 N0297a2bb551e4c6fb77555304d1f718d schema:volumeNumber 431
55 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
56 N08fc0302541a4dc0b9277638fdd4b3cb rdf:first sg:person.01200263517.15
57 rdf:rest Nb0a88902ad62442889974a6b1d7dd3be
58 N1d0cac7815844a9f9d28c61d32aee869 rdf:first sg:person.012462176164.64
59 rdf:rest N808e3bf6d40b4086a893254036087a15
60 N29ea4b4bc5634421aed6c7a56956a6f9 rdf:first sg:person.01132150317.39
61 rdf:rest N08fc0302541a4dc0b9277638fdd4b3cb
62 N2c07b5a0255f4b3c9e07c5928064642d schema:name pubmed_id
63 schema:value 15457251
64 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
65 N3f3af29b027040db8ce9ded7b8cf8fd3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
66 rdf:type schema:Organization
67 N44bb8e45b3924c6a9f42d941929491f4 rdf:first sg:person.0731066174.36
68 rdf:rest Ncae70a35c9034d8e9fbba594f3ba29cc
69 N47f61e8ca1ec4a5e82beebb4037734ad rdf:first sg:person.0707606330.35
70 rdf:rest N5fc5695936384e969389bc53bf9d4d06
71 N564c341adb1448508da14211d579018f rdf:first sg:person.0720650472.12
72 rdf:rest Nd4ddb6f8438c4de78a295cafc3d46d88
73 N5d83a289338d4d568c9ac76b6fa9e374 rdf:first sg:person.012773222110.54
74 rdf:rest Ncea36cdf8365484e96bd26becec1d9b3
75 N5de57c1bc8334777b1edfcbdb2f1b549 rdf:first sg:person.01061255711.53
76 rdf:rest Na6334625a9dd4c16aa4a85e05840a958
77 N5fc5695936384e969389bc53bf9d4d06 rdf:first sg:person.01354756077.46
78 rdf:rest rdf:nil
79 N808e3bf6d40b4086a893254036087a15 rdf:first sg:person.014611074123.95
80 rdf:rest N29ea4b4bc5634421aed6c7a56956a6f9
81 N9bbb3eb93dc34c70bb445f78c6d14d49 schema:name nlm_unique_id
82 schema:value 0410462
83 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
84 Na6334625a9dd4c16aa4a85e05840a958 rdf:first sg:person.014524167534.43
85 rdf:rest N47f61e8ca1ec4a5e82beebb4037734ad
86 Na9513318f54041e98e498a1eff56c672 schema:issueNumber 7008
87 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
88 Nb0a88902ad62442889974a6b1d7dd3be rdf:first sg:person.01141726167.43
89 rdf:rest N44bb8e45b3924c6a9f42d941929491f4
90 Nc0b4534f08f44f01bf5ef248009c458b schema:name doi
91 schema:value 10.1038/nature02939
92 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
93 Ncae70a35c9034d8e9fbba594f3ba29cc rdf:first sg:person.01210041367.09
94 rdf:rest Ne04fabc822e649fb8d625cd6793faffe
95 Ncea36cdf8365484e96bd26becec1d9b3 rdf:first sg:person.0711251167.48
96 rdf:rest N564c341adb1448508da14211d579018f
97 Nd27a997d98dd4f45a599b1b2216b97c1 rdf:first sg:person.0637221217.39
98 rdf:rest N5de57c1bc8334777b1edfcbdb2f1b549
99 Nd4ddb6f8438c4de78a295cafc3d46d88 rdf:first sg:person.012134343512.64
100 rdf:rest Ne6d47ac8f3414f8cb278f5b2d2fb3be3
101 Ndbdfa6cbdd10495e8dde6ed8c4f08aeb schema:name dimensions_id
102 schema:value pub.1000739651
103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
104 Ne04fabc822e649fb8d625cd6793faffe rdf:first sg:person.010171560045.72
105 rdf:rest Nd27a997d98dd4f45a599b1b2216b97c1
106 Ne6d47ac8f3414f8cb278f5b2d2fb3be3 rdf:first sg:person.013523622077.43
107 rdf:rest N1d0cac7815844a9f9d28c61d32aee869
108 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
109 schema:name Physical Sciences
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 anzsrc-for:0202 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
112 schema:name Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0090-0028
115 1476-4687
116 schema:name Nature
117 rdf:type schema:Periodical
118 sg:person.010171560045.72 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e
119 schema:familyName Mori
120 schema:givenName W. B.
121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010171560045.72
122 rdf:type schema:Person
123 sg:person.01061255711.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e
124 schema:familyName Tsung
125 schema:givenName F. S.
126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01061255711.53
127 rdf:type schema:Person
128 sg:person.01132150317.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37
129 schema:familyName Foster
130 schema:givenName P. S.
131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01132150317.39
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 sg:person.01141726167.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37
134 schema:familyName Hooker
135 schema:givenName C. J.
136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01141726167.43
137 rdf:type schema:Person
138 sg:person.01200263517.15 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11984.35
139 schema:familyName Gallacher
140 schema:givenName J. G.
141 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01200263517.15
142 rdf:type schema:Person
143 sg:person.01210041367.09 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37
144 schema:familyName Langley
145 schema:givenName A. J.
146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01210041367.09
147 rdf:type schema:Person
148 sg:person.012134343512.64 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2
149 schema:familyName Thomas
150 schema:givenName A. G. R.
151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012134343512.64
152 rdf:type schema:Person
153 sg:person.012462176164.64 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2
154 schema:familyName Dangor
155 schema:givenName A. E.
156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012462176164.64
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 sg:person.012773222110.54 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2
159 schema:familyName Mangles
160 schema:givenName S. P. D.
161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012773222110.54
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 sg:person.013523622077.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37
164 schema:familyName Collier
165 schema:givenName J. L.
166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013523622077.43
167 rdf:type schema:Person
168 sg:person.01354756077.46 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2
169 schema:familyName Krushelnick
170 schema:givenName K.
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01354756077.46
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:person.014524167534.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11984.35
174 schema:familyName Viskup
175 schema:givenName R.
176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014524167534.43
177 rdf:type schema:Person
178 sg:person.014611074123.95 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37
179 schema:familyName Divall
180 schema:givenName E. J.
181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014611074123.95
182 rdf:type schema:Person
183 sg:person.0637221217.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37
184 schema:familyName Norreys
185 schema:givenName P. A.
186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0637221217.39
187 rdf:type schema:Person
188 sg:person.0707606330.35 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2
189 schema:familyName Walton
190 schema:givenName B. R.
191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0707606330.35
192 rdf:type schema:Person
193 sg:person.0711251167.48 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37
194 schema:familyName Murphy
195 schema:givenName C. D.
196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0711251167.48
197 rdf:type schema:Person
198 sg:person.0720650472.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2
199 schema:familyName Najmudin
200 schema:givenName Z.
201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0720650472.12
202 rdf:type schema:Person
203 sg:person.0731066174.36 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11984.35
204 schema:familyName Jaroszynski
205 schema:givenName D. A.
206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0731066174.36
207 rdf:type schema:Person
208 sg:pub.10.1007/s003400200795 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036286271
209 https://doi.org/10.1007/s003400200795
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 sg:pub.10.1038/377606a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020796645
212 https://doi.org/10.1038/377606a0
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(90)90813-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032921745
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.100300 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057647893
217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
218 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1364515 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017336252
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1447556 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057707249
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1464221 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057709256
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1595054 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057723980
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.872332 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058124441
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.872867 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022562826
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.873242 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051110938
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.41.4463 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060481299
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.43.267 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060784401
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.76.2073 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060812760
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.78.3125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060815113
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.81.104 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060817849
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.81.995 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060818858
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.84.670 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060821552
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.86.1227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060822527
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1109/27.509991 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061140128
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1076782 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062446980
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.264.5161.917 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062548164
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11984.35 schema:alternateName University of Strathclyde
255 schema:name Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, UK
256 rdf:type schema:Organization
257 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e schema:alternateName University of California Los Angeles
258 schema:name Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
259 rdf:type schema:Organization
260 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2 schema:alternateName Imperial College London
261 schema:name The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
262 rdf:type schema:Organization
263 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.76978.37 schema:alternateName Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
264 schema:name Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX, UK
265 The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
266 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...