Coral mucus functions as an energy carrier and particle trap in the reef ecosystem View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-03

AUTHORS

Christian Wild, Markus Huettel, Anke Klueter, Stephan G. Kremb, Mohammed Y. M. Rasheed, Bo B. Jørgensen

ABSTRACT

Zooxanthellae, endosymbiotic algae of reef-building corals, substantially contribute to the high gross primary production of coral reefs1, but corals exude up to half of the carbon assimilated by their zooxanthellae as mucus2,3. Here we show that released coral mucus efficiently traps organic matter from the water column and rapidly carries energy and nutrients to the reef lagoon sediment, which acts as a biocatalytic mineralizing filter. In the Great Barrier Reef, the dominant genus of hard corals, Acropora, exudes up to 4.8 litres of mucus per square metre of reef area per day. Between 56% and 80% of this mucus dissolves in the reef water, which is filtered through the lagoon sands. Here, coral mucus is degraded at a turnover rate of at least 7% per hour. Detached undissolved mucus traps suspended particles, increasing its initial organic carbon and nitrogen content by three orders of magnitude within 2 h. Tidal currents concentrate these mucus aggregates into the lagoon, where they rapidly settle. Coral mucus provides light energy harvested by the zooxanthellae and trapped particles to the heterotrophic reef community, thereby establishing a recycling loop that supports benthic life, while reducing loss of energy and nutrients from the reef ecosystem. More... »

PAGES

66-70

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1986-02. Microheterotrophic utilization of mucus released by the Mediterranean coral Cladocora cespitosa in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1991-03. Microbial utilization of coral mucus in long term in situ incubation over a coral reef in HYDROBIOLOGIA
  • 1972-04. The subtidal pump: a mechanism of interstitial water exchange by wave action in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1968-10. Observations on organic aggregates in the vicinity of coral reefs in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1984-04. The role of zooxanthellae in the nutritional energy requirements of Pocillopora eydouxi in CORAL REEFS
  • 1985-03. Temporal and spatial variation in bacterial production in the water column over a coral reef in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1989-12. Laboratory-made artificial marine snow: a biological model of the real thing in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1988-09. Structural investigations on the mucus from six species of coral in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 2001-10. Endoscopic exploration of Red Sea coral reefs reveals dense populations of cavity-dwelling sponges in NATURE
  • 1980-12. Diurnal lipid and mucus production in the staghorn coral Acropora acuminata in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • 1979-08. Corals and Coral Reefs in SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
  • 1986-08. Water movement within a fringing reef flat, Orpheus Island, North Queensland, Australia in CORAL REEFS
  • 1986-08. Coral-reef hydrology: field studies of water movement within a barrier reef in CORAL REEFS
  • 1997-07. Photosynthesis, respiration and calcification of a zooxanthellate scleractinian coral under submerged and exposed conditions in MARINE BIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02344

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02344

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020832502

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14999280


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/05", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Environmental Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0502", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Environmental Science and Management", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Ecology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Aging", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Animals", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Anthozoa", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Australia", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Carbon", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Ecosystem", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Energy Metabolism", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Eukaryota", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Food Chain", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Geography", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Geologic Sediments", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Mucus", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Nitrogen", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Oxygen", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Phosphorus", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Silicon Dioxide", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Solubility", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Symbiosis", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Water", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Water Movements", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D-28359, Bremen, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419529.2", 
              "name": [
                "Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D-28359, Bremen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wild", 
            "givenName": "Christian", 
            "id": "sg:person.0616135234.34", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0616135234.34"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Oceanography, Florida State University, 32306-4320, Tallahassee, Florida, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.255986.5", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Oceanography, Florida State University, 32306-4320, Tallahassee, Florida, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Huettel", 
            "givenName": "Markus", 
            "id": "sg:person.01067252334.07", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01067252334.07"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB No. 3, 4810, Townsville MC, Queensland, Australia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1046.3", 
              "name": [
                "Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB No. 3, 4810, Townsville MC, Queensland, Australia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Klueter", 
            "givenName": "Anke", 
            "id": "sg:person.01237110721.12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01237110721.12"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department Benthic Ecosystems, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen 12, D-27570, Bremerhaven, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10894.34", 
              "name": [
                "Department Benthic Ecosystems, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen 12, D-27570, Bremerhaven, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kremb", 
            "givenName": "Stephan G.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01213074465.71", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01213074465.71"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Marine Science Station, University of Jordan and Yarmouk University, PO 195, Aqaba, Jordan", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14440.35", 
              "name": [
                "Marine Science Station, University of Jordan and Yarmouk University, PO 195, Aqaba, Jordan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Rasheed", 
            "givenName": "Mohammed Y. M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01104401405.41", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01104401405.41"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D-28359, Bremen, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419529.2", 
              "name": [
                "Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D-28359, Bremen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "J\u00f8rgensen", 
            "givenName": "Bo B.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0764714433.42", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0764714433.42"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35099547", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022512616", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35099547"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00541648", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020690515", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00541648"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00389151", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053709131", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00389151"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00302165", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029010706", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00302165"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00302164", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000894159", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00302164"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00263571", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085142284", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00263571"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00008613", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039170970", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00008613"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00391980", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022149175", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00391980"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00391379", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023134209", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00391379"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0879-124", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056586267", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0879-124"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00428560", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021932791", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00428560"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00351638", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020097458", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00351638"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00393249", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000501055", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00393249"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002270050158", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052675478", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002270050158"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2004-03", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2004-03-01", 
        "description": "Zooxanthellae, endosymbiotic algae of reef-building corals, substantially contribute to the high gross primary production of coral reefs1, but corals exude up to half of the carbon assimilated by their zooxanthellae as mucus2,3. Here we show that released coral mucus efficiently traps organic matter from the water column and rapidly carries energy and nutrients to the reef lagoon sediment, which acts as a biocatalytic mineralizing filter. In the Great Barrier Reef, the dominant genus of hard corals, Acropora, exudes up to 4.8 litres of mucus per square metre of reef area per day. Between 56% and 80% of this mucus dissolves in the reef water, which is filtered through the lagoon sands. Here, coral mucus is degraded at a turnover rate of at least 7% per hour. Detached undissolved mucus traps suspended particles, increasing its initial organic carbon and nitrogen content by three orders of magnitude within 2\u2009h. Tidal currents concentrate these mucus aggregates into the lagoon, where they rapidly settle. Coral mucus provides light energy harvested by the zooxanthellae and trapped particles to the heterotrophic reef community, thereby establishing a recycling loop that supports benthic life, while reducing loss of energy and nutrients from the reef ecosystem.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02344", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1018957", 
            "issn": [
              "0028-0836", 
              "1476-4687"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "6978", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "428"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "coral mucus", 
          "reef ecosystems", 
          "reef-building corals", 
          "higher gross primary production", 
          "Great Barrier Reef", 
          "gross primary production", 
          "endosymbiotic algae", 
          "hard corals", 
          "reef communities", 
          "reef waters", 
          "reef areas", 
          "mucus aggregates", 
          "organic carbon", 
          "initial organic carbon", 
          "Barrier Reef", 
          "organic matter", 
          "dominant genera", 
          "mucus trap", 
          "primary production", 
          "zooxanthellae", 
          "benthic life", 
          "lagoon sediments", 
          "lagoon sands", 
          "corals", 
          "water column", 
          "nitrogen content", 
          "ecosystems", 
          "light energy", 
          "turnover rate", 
          "nutrients", 
          "carbon", 
          "tidal currents", 
          "Acropora", 
          "mucus function", 
          "recycling loop", 
          "algae", 
          "reefs", 
          "genus", 
          "traps", 
          "lagoon", 
          "sediments", 
          "community", 
          "mucus", 
          "sand", 
          "matter", 
          "water", 
          "particle trap", 
          "area", 
          "orders of magnitude", 
          "production", 
          "content", 
          "aggregates", 
          "function", 
          "loop", 
          "loss", 
          "column", 
          "magnitude", 
          "half", 
          "rate", 
          "dissolves", 
          "order", 
          "days", 
          "loss of energy", 
          "carriers", 
          "particles", 
          "energy carrier", 
          "life", 
          "energy", 
          "hours", 
          "filter", 
          "current", 
          "coral reefs1", 
          "reefs1", 
          "reef lagoon sediment", 
          "mucus dissolves", 
          "undissolved mucus traps", 
          "heterotrophic reef community", 
          "Coral mucus functions"
        ], 
        "name": "Coral mucus functions as an energy carrier and particle trap in the reef ecosystem", 
        "pagination": "66-70", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1020832502"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/nature02344"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "14999280"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02344", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020832502"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:14", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_382.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02344"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02344'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02344'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02344'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02344'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    331 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      141 URIs      117 LITERALS      27 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02344 schema:about N0dbfb1b484184e94987826820a3d6655
    2 N125a7b9718864d70bbd8b819ff9a0e82
    3 N1621feb4c013429c9148cf257a398cb6
    4 N206d49c403e94a299e3817d8faae9389
    5 N353d657a8a794d3cb36c62a022548fb4
    6 N3d8c0be9c8994e28ac0195fee4315a75
    7 N4180783f66974512b709af5a22cc2858
    8 N52cf412566004df6bf7d1623070c13b2
    9 N586c1142f0c149e9b12f48998774b2ff
    10 N5bb22b7f49124a96abd8920bc62b0a61
    11 N5c1abb0f302a445cbf4204abe17004df
    12 N5ed73fd676744aba82d9a6ca0b4fa1a8
    13 N69053d20d19d4f94af93b06dae3260cb
    14 N98e01e61110c4367a2d45bb85fd976de
    15 Na91d15adeef64b36913222ac0fae3cc6
    16 Nae3426fc851b4f98ac9e0ccc0c19415c
    17 Nc9b59df6222841b491bbe0ffc2564795
    18 Nd291e19917f04dd79b2333a0321338e7
    19 Ne9da4953827a4d1692a2fcacb0dbd81d
    20 Nee96c06fd64e4d6fb044b2ff7be4548e
    21 anzsrc-for:05
    22 anzsrc-for:0502
    23 anzsrc-for:06
    24 anzsrc-for:0602
    25 schema:author N6b41d20826124997bfd5b1925a1a1094
    26 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00008613
    27 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00263571
    28 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00302164
    29 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00302165
    30 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00351638
    31 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00389151
    32 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00391379
    33 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00391980
    34 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00393249
    35 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00428560
    36 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00541648
    37 sg:pub.10.1007/s002270050158
    38 sg:pub.10.1038/35099547
    39 sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0879-124
    40 schema:datePublished 2004-03
    41 schema:datePublishedReg 2004-03-01
    42 schema:description Zooxanthellae, endosymbiotic algae of reef-building corals, substantially contribute to the high gross primary production of coral reefs1, but corals exude up to half of the carbon assimilated by their zooxanthellae as mucus2,3. Here we show that released coral mucus efficiently traps organic matter from the water column and rapidly carries energy and nutrients to the reef lagoon sediment, which acts as a biocatalytic mineralizing filter. In the Great Barrier Reef, the dominant genus of hard corals, Acropora, exudes up to 4.8 litres of mucus per square metre of reef area per day. Between 56% and 80% of this mucus dissolves in the reef water, which is filtered through the lagoon sands. Here, coral mucus is degraded at a turnover rate of at least 7% per hour. Detached undissolved mucus traps suspended particles, increasing its initial organic carbon and nitrogen content by three orders of magnitude within 2 h. Tidal currents concentrate these mucus aggregates into the lagoon, where they rapidly settle. Coral mucus provides light energy harvested by the zooxanthellae and trapped particles to the heterotrophic reef community, thereby establishing a recycling loop that supports benthic life, while reducing loss of energy and nutrients from the reef ecosystem.
    43 schema:genre article
    44 schema:inLanguage en
    45 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    46 schema:isPartOf N5812203a65784fc2a6380d104917ce88
    47 N7553a296867f4ee8b9814259b16c2402
    48 sg:journal.1018957
    49 schema:keywords Acropora
    50 Barrier Reef
    51 Coral mucus functions
    52 Great Barrier Reef
    53 aggregates
    54 algae
    55 area
    56 benthic life
    57 carbon
    58 carriers
    59 column
    60 community
    61 content
    62 coral mucus
    63 coral reefs1
    64 corals
    65 current
    66 days
    67 dissolves
    68 dominant genera
    69 ecosystems
    70 endosymbiotic algae
    71 energy
    72 energy carrier
    73 filter
    74 function
    75 genus
    76 gross primary production
    77 half
    78 hard corals
    79 heterotrophic reef community
    80 higher gross primary production
    81 hours
    82 initial organic carbon
    83 lagoon
    84 lagoon sands
    85 lagoon sediments
    86 life
    87 light energy
    88 loop
    89 loss
    90 loss of energy
    91 magnitude
    92 matter
    93 mucus
    94 mucus aggregates
    95 mucus dissolves
    96 mucus function
    97 mucus trap
    98 nitrogen content
    99 nutrients
    100 order
    101 orders of magnitude
    102 organic carbon
    103 organic matter
    104 particle trap
    105 particles
    106 primary production
    107 production
    108 rate
    109 recycling loop
    110 reef areas
    111 reef communities
    112 reef ecosystems
    113 reef lagoon sediment
    114 reef waters
    115 reef-building corals
    116 reefs
    117 reefs1
    118 sand
    119 sediments
    120 tidal currents
    121 traps
    122 turnover rate
    123 undissolved mucus traps
    124 water
    125 water column
    126 zooxanthellae
    127 schema:name Coral mucus functions as an energy carrier and particle trap in the reef ecosystem
    128 schema:pagination 66-70
    129 schema:productId N2f9bc9407edd4d519eb75ed39f067f8b
    130 N51a89477a0464dc9ad2f2d5fecf92ac3
    131 N68b1faaebf694e6ea2148fb6a22cf794
    132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020832502
    133 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02344
    134 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:14
    135 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    136 schema:sdPublisher N11facfe52b1149cda42c7fb550810797
    137 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02344
    138 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    139 sgo:sdDataset articles
    140 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    141 N0dbfb1b484184e94987826820a3d6655 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    142 schema:name Oxygen
    143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    144 N11facfe52b1149cda42c7fb550810797 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    145 rdf:type schema:Organization
    146 N125a7b9718864d70bbd8b819ff9a0e82 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    147 schema:name Geography
    148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    149 N1621feb4c013429c9148cf257a398cb6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    150 schema:name Mucus
    151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    152 N206d49c403e94a299e3817d8faae9389 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    153 schema:name Energy Metabolism
    154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    155 N2f9bc9407edd4d519eb75ed39f067f8b schema:name doi
    156 schema:value 10.1038/nature02344
    157 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    158 N315d1fe8a43146b2a4a3409e92b0c5fa rdf:first sg:person.0764714433.42
    159 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    160 N353d657a8a794d3cb36c62a022548fb4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    161 schema:name Water
    162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    163 N3d8c0be9c8994e28ac0195fee4315a75 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    164 schema:name Anthozoa
    165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    166 N4180783f66974512b709af5a22cc2858 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    167 schema:name Geologic Sediments
    168 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    169 N51a89477a0464dc9ad2f2d5fecf92ac3 schema:name dimensions_id
    170 schema:value pub.1020832502
    171 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    172 N52cf412566004df6bf7d1623070c13b2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    173 schema:name Phosphorus
    174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    175 N5812203a65784fc2a6380d104917ce88 schema:issueNumber 6978
    176 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    177 N586c1142f0c149e9b12f48998774b2ff schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    178 schema:name Eukaryota
    179 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    180 N5bb22b7f49124a96abd8920bc62b0a61 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    181 schema:name Water Movements
    182 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    183 N5c1abb0f302a445cbf4204abe17004df schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    184 schema:name Silicon Dioxide
    185 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    186 N5ed73fd676744aba82d9a6ca0b4fa1a8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    187 schema:name Solubility
    188 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    189 N68b1faaebf694e6ea2148fb6a22cf794 schema:name pubmed_id
    190 schema:value 14999280
    191 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    192 N69053d20d19d4f94af93b06dae3260cb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    193 schema:name Symbiosis
    194 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    195 N6b41d20826124997bfd5b1925a1a1094 rdf:first sg:person.0616135234.34
    196 rdf:rest N8e7979f1e29f4267ac7e6c7a5886e73f
    197 N7553a296867f4ee8b9814259b16c2402 schema:volumeNumber 428
    198 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    199 N8e7979f1e29f4267ac7e6c7a5886e73f rdf:first sg:person.01067252334.07
    200 rdf:rest Nee13aa5f6063440082320aed8785a9e8
    201 N98e01e61110c4367a2d45bb85fd976de schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    202 schema:name Australia
    203 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    204 N9a3544990df246518f8ae44cc7c2c36e rdf:first sg:person.01104401405.41
    205 rdf:rest N315d1fe8a43146b2a4a3409e92b0c5fa
    206 Na91d15adeef64b36913222ac0fae3cc6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    207 schema:name Nitrogen
    208 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    209 Nae3426fc851b4f98ac9e0ccc0c19415c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    210 schema:name Carbon
    211 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    212 Nc14581a1011845c8ae01e8ad8a4be93b rdf:first sg:person.01213074465.71
    213 rdf:rest N9a3544990df246518f8ae44cc7c2c36e
    214 Nc9b59df6222841b491bbe0ffc2564795 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    215 schema:name Food Chain
    216 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    217 Nd291e19917f04dd79b2333a0321338e7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    218 schema:name Ecosystem
    219 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    220 Ne9da4953827a4d1692a2fcacb0dbd81d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    221 schema:name Animals
    222 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    223 Nee13aa5f6063440082320aed8785a9e8 rdf:first sg:person.01237110721.12
    224 rdf:rest Nc14581a1011845c8ae01e8ad8a4be93b
    225 Nee96c06fd64e4d6fb044b2ff7be4548e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    226 schema:name Aging
    227 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    228 anzsrc-for:05 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    229 schema:name Environmental Sciences
    230 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    231 anzsrc-for:0502 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    232 schema:name Environmental Science and Management
    233 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    234 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    235 schema:name Biological Sciences
    236 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    237 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    238 schema:name Ecology
    239 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    240 sg:journal.1018957 schema:issn 0028-0836
    241 1476-4687
    242 schema:name Nature
    243 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    244 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    245 sg:person.01067252334.07 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.255986.5
    246 schema:familyName Huettel
    247 schema:givenName Markus
    248 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01067252334.07
    249 rdf:type schema:Person
    250 sg:person.01104401405.41 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14440.35
    251 schema:familyName Rasheed
    252 schema:givenName Mohammed Y. M.
    253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01104401405.41
    254 rdf:type schema:Person
    255 sg:person.01213074465.71 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10894.34
    256 schema:familyName Kremb
    257 schema:givenName Stephan G.
    258 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01213074465.71
    259 rdf:type schema:Person
    260 sg:person.01237110721.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.1046.3
    261 schema:familyName Klueter
    262 schema:givenName Anke
    263 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01237110721.12
    264 rdf:type schema:Person
    265 sg:person.0616135234.34 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419529.2
    266 schema:familyName Wild
    267 schema:givenName Christian
    268 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0616135234.34
    269 rdf:type schema:Person
    270 sg:person.0764714433.42 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419529.2
    271 schema:familyName Jørgensen
    272 schema:givenName Bo B.
    273 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0764714433.42
    274 rdf:type schema:Person
    275 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00008613 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039170970
    276 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00008613
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00263571 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085142284
    279 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00263571
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00302164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000894159
    282 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00302164
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00302165 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029010706
    285 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00302165
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00351638 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020097458
    288 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00351638
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00389151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053709131
    291 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00389151
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00391379 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023134209
    294 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00391379
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00391980 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022149175
    297 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00391980
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00393249 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000501055
    300 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00393249
    301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    302 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00428560 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021932791
    303 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00428560
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00541648 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020690515
    306 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00541648
    307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    308 sg:pub.10.1007/s002270050158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052675478
    309 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002270050158
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 sg:pub.10.1038/35099547 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022512616
    312 https://doi.org/10.1038/35099547
    313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    314 sg:pub.10.1038/scientificamerican0879-124 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056586267
    315 https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0879-124
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 grid-institutes:grid.1046.3 schema:alternateName Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB No. 3, 4810, Townsville MC, Queensland, Australia
    318 schema:name Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB No. 3, 4810, Townsville MC, Queensland, Australia
    319 rdf:type schema:Organization
    320 grid-institutes:grid.10894.34 schema:alternateName Department Benthic Ecosystems, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen 12, D-27570, Bremerhaven, Germany
    321 schema:name Department Benthic Ecosystems, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen 12, D-27570, Bremerhaven, Germany
    322 rdf:type schema:Organization
    323 grid-institutes:grid.14440.35 schema:alternateName Marine Science Station, University of Jordan and Yarmouk University, PO 195, Aqaba, Jordan
    324 schema:name Marine Science Station, University of Jordan and Yarmouk University, PO 195, Aqaba, Jordan
    325 rdf:type schema:Organization
    326 grid-institutes:grid.255986.5 schema:alternateName Department of Oceanography, Florida State University, 32306-4320, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
    327 schema:name Department of Oceanography, Florida State University, 32306-4320, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
    328 rdf:type schema:Organization
    329 grid-institutes:grid.419529.2 schema:alternateName Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D-28359, Bremen, Germany
    330 schema:name Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstrasse 1, D-28359, Bremen, Germany
    331 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...