An intense stratospheric jet on Jupiter View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-01

AUTHORS

F. M. Flasar, V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. A. Nixon, P. J. Gierasch, P. N. Romani, B. Bézard, P. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. C. Brasunas, D. E. Jennings, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, G. S. Orton, L. J. Spilker, R. Carlson, S. B. Calcutt, P. L. Read, F. W. Taylor, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prangé, Y. Biraud, T. Fouchet, C. Ferrari, T. C. Owen, M. M. Abbas, R. E. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. J. Césarsky, K. U. Grossman, A. Coradini

ABSTRACT

The Earth's equatorial stratosphere shows oscillations in which the east-west winds reverse direction and the temperatures change cyclically with a period of about two years. This phenomenon, called the quasi-biennial oscillation, also affects the dynamics of the mid- and high-latitude stratosphere and weather in the lower atmosphere. Ground-based observations have suggested that similar temperature oscillations (with a 4-5-yr cycle) occur on Jupiter, but these data suffer from poor vertical resolution and Jupiter's stratospheric wind velocities have not yet been determined. Here we report maps of temperatures and winds with high spatial resolution, obtained from spacecraft measurements of infrared spectra of Jupiter's stratosphere. We find an intense, high-altitude equatorial jet with a speed of approximately 140 m s(-1), whose spatial structure resembles that of a quasi-quadrennial oscillation. Wave activity in the stratosphere also appears analogous to that occurring on Earth. A strong interaction between Jupiter and its plasma environment produces hot spots in its upper atmosphere and stratosphere near its poles, and the temperature maps define the penetration of the hot spots into the stratosphere. More... »

PAGES

132

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02142

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02142

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051691173

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14712270


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459 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5326.2 schema:alternateName National Research Council
460 schema:name Instituto di Astrofisica Spaziale – CNR, Area della recerca di Tor Vergata, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, Rome, I-00133 Italy
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462 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5386.8 schema:alternateName Cornell University
463 schema:name Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
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465 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5600.3 schema:alternateName Cardiff University
466 schema:name Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Cardiff, 5 The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3YB, UK
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