Biological activity in the deep subsurface and the origin of heavy oil View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2003-11

AUTHORS

Ian M Head, D Martin Jones, Steve R Larter

ABSTRACT

At temperatures up to about 80 degrees C, petroleum in subsurface reservoirs is often biologically degraded, over geological timescales, by microorganisms that destroy hydrocarbons and other components to produce altered, denser 'heavy oils'. This temperature threshold for hydrocarbon biodegradation might represent the maximum temperature boundary for life in the deep nutrient-depleted Earth. Most of the world's oil was biodegraded under anaerobic conditions, with methane, a valuable commodity, often being a major by-product, which suggests alternative approaches to recovering the world's vast heavy oil resource that otherwise will remain largely unproduced. More... »

PAGES

344-352

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02134

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02134

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038293191

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14628064


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