Proxy evidence for an El Niño-like response to volcanic forcing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2003-11

AUTHORS

J. Brad Adams, Michael E. Mann, Caspar M. Ammann

ABSTRACT

Past studies have suggested a statistical connection between explosive volcanic eruptions and subsequent El Niño climate events1,2. This connection, however, has remained controversial3,4,5. Here we present support for a response of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon6,7 to forcing from explosive volcanism by using two different palaeoclimate reconstructions of El Niño activity8,9 and two independent, proxy-based chronologies of explosive volcanic activity5 from ad 1649 to the present. We demonstrate a significant, multi-year, El Niño-like response to explosive tropical volcanic forcing over the past several centuries. The results imply roughly a doubling of the probability of an El Niño event occurring in the winter following a volcanic eruption. Our empirical findings shed light on how the tropical Pacific ocean–atmosphere system may respond to exogenous (both natural and anthropogenic) radiative forcing. More... »

PAGES

274-278

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature02101

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02101

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008140441

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14628048


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