El Niño/Southern Oscillation and tropical Pacific climate during the last millennium View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2003-07

AUTHORS

Kim M. Cobb, Christopher D. Charles, Hai Cheng, R. Lawrence Edwards

ABSTRACT

Any assessment of future climate change requires knowledge of the full range of natural variability in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. Here we splice together fossil-coral oxygen isotopic records from Palmyra Island in the tropical Pacific Ocean to provide 30–150-year windows of tropical Pacific climate variability within the last 1,100 years. The records indicate mean climate conditions in the central tropical Pacific ranging from relatively cool and dry during the tenth century to increasingly warmer and wetter climate in the twentieth century. But the corals also document a broad range of ENSO behaviour that correlates poorly with these estimates of mean climate. The most intense ENSO activity within the reconstruction occurred during the mid-seventeenth century. Taken together, the coral data imply that the majority of ENSO variability over the last millennium may have arisen from dynamics internal to the ENSO system itself. More... »

PAGES

271-276

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature01779

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature01779

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008792302

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12867972


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