The genome sequence of Bacillus anthracis Ames and comparison to closely related bacteria View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2003-05

AUTHORS

Timothy D. Read, Scott N. Peterson, Nicolas Tourasse, Les W. Baillie, Ian T. Paulsen, Karen E. Nelson, Hervé Tettelin, Derrick E. Fouts, Jonathan A. Eisen, Steven R. Gill, Erik K. Holtzapple, Ole Andreas Økstad, Erlendur Helgason, Jennifer Rilstone, Martin Wu, James F. Kolonay, Maureen J. Beanan, Robert J. Dodson, Lauren M. Brinkac, Michelle Gwinn, Robert T. DeBoy, Ramana Madpu, Sean C. Daugherty, A. Scott Durkin, Daniel H. Haft, William C. Nelson, Jeremy D. Peterson, Mihai Pop, Hoda M. Khouri, Diana Radune, Jonathan L. Benton, Yasmin Mahamoud, Lingxia Jiang, Ioana R. Hance, Janice F. Weidman, Kristi J. Berry, Roger D. Plaut, Alex M. Wolf, Kisha L. Watkins, William C. Nierman, Alyson Hazen, Robin Cline, Caroline Redmond, Joanne E. Thwaite, Owen White, Steven L. Salzberg, Brendan Thomason, Arthur M. Friedlander, Theresa M. Koehler, Philip C. Hanna, Anne-Brit Kolstø, Claire M. Fraser

ABSTRACT

Bacillus anthracis is an endospore-forming bacterium that causes inhalational anthrax1. Key virulence genes are found on plasmids (extra-chromosomal, circular, double-stranded DNA molecules) pXO1 (ref. 2) and pXO2 (ref. 3). To identify additional genes that might contribute to virulence, we analysed the complete sequence of the chromosome of B. anthracis Ames (about 5.23 megabases). We found several chromosomally encoded proteins that may contribute to pathogenicity—including haemolysins, phospholipases and iron acquisition functions—and identified numerous surface proteins that might be important targets for vaccines and drugs. Almost all these putative chromosomal virulence and surface proteins have homologues in Bacillus cereus, highlighting the similarity of B. anthracis to near-neighbours that are not associated with anthrax4. By performing a comparative genome hybridization of 19 B. cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis strains against a B. anthracis DNA microarray, we confirmed the general similarity of chromosomal genes among this group of close relatives. However, we found that the gene sequences of pXO1 and pXO2 were more variable between strains, suggesting plasmid mobility in the group. The complete sequence of B. anthracis is a step towards a better understanding of anthrax pathogenesis. More... »

PAGES

81-86

Journal

TITLE

Nature

ISSUE

6935

VOLUME

423

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nature01586

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature01586

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044426221

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12721629


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74 protein
75 related bacteria
76 relatives
77 sequence
78 similarity
79 step
80 strains
81 surface proteins
82 target
83 thuringiensis
84 understanding
85 vaccine
86 virulence
87 virulence genes
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