Leiomyoma with bizarre nuclei: a morphological, immunohistochemical and molecular analysis of 31 cases View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-10

AUTHORS

Jennifer A Bennett, Britta Weigelt, Sarah Chiang, Pier Selenica, Ying-Bei Chen, Ann Bialik, Rui Bi, Anne M Schultheis, Raymond S Lim, Charlotte K Y Ng, Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Robert H Young, Victor E Reuter, Robert A Soslow, Esther Oliva

ABSTRACT

Leiomyomas associated with hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome and leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei often show overlapping morphological features, in particular cells with prominent eosinophilic nucleoli, perinucleolar halos, and eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions. Although hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome is defined by fumarate hydratase (FH) germline mutations, resulting in S-(2-succino)-cysteine (2SC) formation, it is unknown whether leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei show similar alterations. In this study, we evaluated the morphology and FH/2SC immunoprofile of 31 leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei. DNA from tumor and normal tissues from 24 cases was subjected to massively parallel sequencing targeting 410 key cancer genes. Somatic genetic alterations were detected using state-of-the-art bioinformatics algorithms. No patient reported a personal history of renal neoplasia or cutaneous leiomyomas, but one had a family history of renal cell carcinoma while another had a family history of uterine leiomyomas. Aberrant FH/2SC expression was noted in 17 tumors (16 FH-negative/2SC-positive, 1 FH-positive/2SC-positive). On univariate analysis, staghorn vessels, eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions, diffuse distribution of prominent eosinophilic nucleoli with perinucleolar halos, and an 'alveolar pattern of edema' were associated with an abnormal immunoprofile, but only staghorn vessels remained significant on multivariate analysis. Massively parallel sequencing analysis (n=24) revealed that 13/14 tumors with aberrant FH/2SC immunoprofile harbored somatic FH somatic genetic alterations, including homozygous deletions (n=9), missense mutations coupled with loss of heterozygosity (n=3), and a splice site mutation (n=1), whereas no somatic FH mutations/deletions were found in tumors with normal immunoprofile (n=10; P<0.0001). Leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei with normal FH/2SC staining pattern more frequently harbored TP53 and/or RB1 alterations than those with aberrant FH/2SC immunoprofile (60 vs 14%; P=0.032). These data demonstrate that leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei are morphologically and genetically heterogeneous and that hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome-related morphological features, abnormal FH/2SC staining, and somatic FH mutations/deletions can be seen in a subset of sporadic tumors. More... »

PAGES

1476-1488

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/modpathol.2017.56

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/modpathol.2017.56

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090292748

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28664937


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    80 schema:description Leiomyomas associated with hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome and leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei often show overlapping morphological features, in particular cells with prominent eosinophilic nucleoli, perinucleolar halos, and eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions. Although hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome is defined by fumarate hydratase (FH) germline mutations, resulting in S-(2-succino)-cysteine (2SC) formation, it is unknown whether leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei show similar alterations. In this study, we evaluated the morphology and FH/2SC immunoprofile of 31 leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei. DNA from tumor and normal tissues from 24 cases was subjected to massively parallel sequencing targeting 410 key cancer genes. Somatic genetic alterations were detected using state-of-the-art bioinformatics algorithms. No patient reported a personal history of renal neoplasia or cutaneous leiomyomas, but one had a family history of renal cell carcinoma while another had a family history of uterine leiomyomas. Aberrant FH/2SC expression was noted in 17 tumors (16 FH-negative/2SC-positive, 1 FH-positive/2SC-positive). On univariate analysis, staghorn vessels, eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions, diffuse distribution of prominent eosinophilic nucleoli with perinucleolar halos, and an 'alveolar pattern of edema' were associated with an abnormal immunoprofile, but only staghorn vessels remained significant on multivariate analysis. Massively parallel sequencing analysis (n=24) revealed that 13/14 tumors with aberrant FH/2SC immunoprofile harbored somatic FH somatic genetic alterations, including homozygous deletions (n=9), missense mutations coupled with loss of heterozygosity (n=3), and a splice site mutation (n=1), whereas no somatic FH mutations/deletions were found in tumors with normal immunoprofile (n=10; P<0.0001). Leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei with normal FH/2SC staining pattern more frequently harbored TP53 and/or RB1 alterations than those with aberrant FH/2SC immunoprofile (60 vs 14%; P=0.032). These data demonstrate that leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei are morphologically and genetically heterogeneous and that hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome-related morphological features, abnormal FH/2SC staining, and somatic FH mutations/deletions can be seen in a subset of sporadic tumors.
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