Nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphomas are more frequently T rather than NK lineage based on T-cell receptor gene, RNA, and protein studies: ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-05

AUTHORS

Mineui Hong, Taehee Lee, So Young Kang, Suk-Jin Kim, Wonseog Kim, Young-Hyeh Ko

ABSTRACT

Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type, comprises NK or cytotoxic T cells. We evaluated the clinical impact of cell type and the usefulness of T-cell receptor (TCR) gene transcripts in distinguishing cell lineage. One hundred and eight cases of ENKTL were analyzed for TCR gene rearrangements using the BIOMED-2 protocol and for TCR gene expression using immunohistochemistry for TCR-βF1 and TCR-cγM1, and RNA in situ hybridization for TCR gene transcripts. Prognostic factors were analyzed. Among the 108 cases, 44 were monoclonal for a TCR rearrangement (40%) while 64 (60%) were undefinable. The monoclonal cases expressed TCR-βF1 in 14 out of 40 cases (35%) and TCR-cγM1 in 1 out of 44 cases (2%). The 64 undetermined cases expressed TCR-βF1 in 15 cases (23%) and TCR-cγM1 in 1 (2%). Thirteen of 40 TCR-β constant gene transcript-positive cases (33%) expressed TCR-βF1 and one of nine TCR-γ constant gene transcript-positive cases (11%) expressed TCR-cγM1. TCR gene transcripts were not useful in the distinction of cell lineages. TCR gene transcripts were positive in ENKTLs as well as in normal B cells and aggressive NK-cell leukemia. Based on gene rearrangements and immunohistochemistry for TCR, there were 60 T-cell type cases (56%), 32 NK-cell type cases (30%), and 16 cases with an undetermined cell type (14%). TCR protein was expressed in 30/60 T-ENKTLs (50%) in a variable fraction of tumor cells. There were no significant differences in clinical findings or overall patient survival between T- or NK-cell types of ENKTL, although those with a T-cell type tended to show a better prognosis for those with localized nasal lymphomas. Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that a non-nasal ENKTL, age >60 years, high level of lactate dehydrogenase, bone marrow involvement, and the absence of radiotherapy were independent prognostic factors. More... »

PAGES

430-443

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/modpathol.2016.47

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/modpathol.2016.47

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040217700

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27015135


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