Genetic alterations of triple negative breast cancer by targeted next-generation sequencing and correlation with tumor morphology View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-05

AUTHORS

Paul S Weisman, Charlotte K Y Ng, Edi Brogi, Rachel E Eisenberg, Helen H Won, Salvatore Piscuoglio, Maria R De Filippo, Rafael Ioris, Muzaffar Akram, Larry Norton, Britta Weigelt, Michael F Berger, Jorge S Reis-Filho, Hannah Y Wen

ABSTRACT

Triple negative breast cancer represents a heterogeneous group of breast carcinomas, both at the histologic and genetic level. Although recent molecular studies have comprehensively characterized the genetic landscape of these tumors, few have integrated a detailed histologic examination into the analysis. In this study, we defined the genetic alterations in 39 triple negative breast cancers using a high-depth targeted massively parallel sequencing assay and correlated the findings with a detailed morphologic analysis. We obtained representative frozen tissue of primary triple negative breast cancers from patients treated at our institution between 2002 and 2010. We characterized tumors according to their histologic subtype and morphologic features. DNA was extracted from paired frozen primary tumor and normal tissue samples and was subjected to a targeted massively parallel sequencing platform comprising 229 cancer-associated genes common across all experiments. The average number of non-synonymous mutations was 3 (range 0-10) per case. The most frequent somatic alterations were mutations in TP53 (74%) and PIK3CA (10%) and MYC amplifications (26%). Triple negative breast cancers with apocrine differentiation less frequently harbored TP53 mutations (25%) and MYC gains (0%), and displayed a high mutation frequency in PIK3CA and other PI3K signaling pathway-related genes (75%). Using a targeted massively parallel sequencing platform, we identified the key somatic genetic alterations previously reported in triple negative breast cancers. Furthermore, our findings show that triple negative breast cancers with apocrine differentiation constitute a distinct subset, characterized by a high frequency of PI3K pathway alterations similar to luminal subtypes of breast cancer. More... »

PAGES

476-488

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/modpathol.2016.39

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/modpathol.2016.39

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022263509

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26939876


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