Azacitidine and donor lymphocyte infusions as first salvage therapy for relapse of AML or MDS after allogeneic stem cell transplantation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-01-14

AUTHORS

T Schroeder, A Czibere, U Platzbecker, G Bug, L Uharek, T Luft, A Giagounidis, F Zohren, I Bruns, C Wolschke, K Rieger, R Fenk, U Germing, R Haas, N Kröger, G Kobbe

ABSTRACT

The combination of azacitidine and donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) as first salvage therapy for relapse after allogeneic transplantation (allo-HSCT) was studied in 30 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML; n=28) or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS; n=2) within a prospective single-arm multicenter phase-II trial. Treatment schedule contained up to eight cycles azacitidine (100 mg/m2/day, days 1–5, every 28 days) followed by DLI (from 1–5 × 106 to 1–5 × 108 CD3+cells/kg) after every second azacitidine cycle. A median of three courses azacitidine (range 1–8) were administered, and 22 patients (73%) received DLI. Overall response rate was 30%, including seven complete remissions (CRs, 23%) and two partial remissions (7%). Five patients remain in CR for a median of 777 days (range 461–888). Patients with MDS or AML with myelodysplasia-related changes were more likely to respond (P=0.011), and a lower blast count (P=0.039) as well as high-risk cytogenetics (P=0.035) correlated with the likelihood to achieve CR. Incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease was 37% and 17%, respectively. Neutropenia and thrombocytopenia grade III/IV occurred during 65% and 63% of treatment cycles, while infections were the most common grade III/IV non-hematological toxicity. Azacitidine and DLI as salvage therapy is safe, induces long-term remissions and may become an alternative for patients with AML or MDS relapsing after allo-HSCT. More... »

PAGES

1229-1235

Journal

TITLE

Leukemia

ISSUE

6

VOLUME

27

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/leu.2013.7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/leu.2013.7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019069739

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23314834


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29 schema:description The combination of azacitidine and donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) as first salvage therapy for relapse after allogeneic transplantation (allo-HSCT) was studied in 30 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML; n=28) or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS; n=2) within a prospective single-arm multicenter phase-II trial. Treatment schedule contained up to eight cycles azacitidine (100 mg/m2/day, days 1–5, every 28 days) followed by DLI (from 1–5 × 106 to 1–5 × 108 CD3+cells/kg) after every second azacitidine cycle. A median of three courses azacitidine (range 1–8) were administered, and 22 patients (73%) received DLI. Overall response rate was 30%, including seven complete remissions (CRs, 23%) and two partial remissions (7%). Five patients remain in CR for a median of 777 days (range 461–888). Patients with MDS or AML with myelodysplasia-related changes were more likely to respond (P=0.011), and a lower blast count (P=0.039) as well as high-risk cytogenetics (P=0.035) correlated with the likelihood to achieve CR. Incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease was 37% and 17%, respectively. Neutropenia and thrombocytopenia grade III/IV occurred during 65% and 63% of treatment cycles, while infections were the most common grade III/IV non-hematological toxicity. Azacitidine and DLI as salvage therapy is safe, induces long-term remissions and may become an alternative for patients with AML or MDS relapsing after allo-HSCT.
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