Roles and Relationship of Macrophages and Monocyte Chemotactic and Activating Factor/Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 in the Ischemic and Reperfused Rat Heart View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2000-07-01

AUTHORS

Tadashi Kakio, Akira Matsumori, Koh Ono, Haruyasu Ito, Kouji Matsushima, Shigetake Sasayama

ABSTRACT

Reperfusion injury is a troublesome and unresolved problem in acute myocardial infarction and is believed to be associated with inflammatory reactions in which various types of cells and cytokines participate, in particular, macrophages and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). We designed this study to clarify the role and relationship of macrophages and MCP-1 in ischemic and reperfused heart. The number and distribution of macrophages and MCP-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) in the ischemic and reperfused rat heart were examined with in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Myocardial samples were obtained at several times. In situ hybridization was performed with digoxigenin-labeled antisense RNA probe for rat MCP-1 mRNA, and immunohistochemistry was performed with antimacrophage antibody. Double staining with in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry was also performed. The number of MCP-1 mRNA-positive cells increased after reperfusion and peaked at 3 hours after reperfusion. Early infiltration of ischemic tissues by macrophages was also observed at the time of the absence of an increase of MCP-1 mRNA-positive cells, and this infiltration was not significantly accelerated by reperfusion, but by ischemia itself. The numbers of both MCP-1 mRNA-positive cells and macrophages increased in the ischemic marginal region over time. From the result of double staining, and based on the cellular morphology and the distribution, the majority of MCP-1 mRNA-positive cells appeared to be activated macrophages. This suggests that macrophages may not be attracted to cardiac tissue only by MCP-1 and that MCP-1 may have some roles other than attracting macrophages into ischemic heart. It also suggests that macrophages and MCP-1 may play an important role in reperfusion injury and that MCP-1 may be one of the key molecules of reperfusion injury. These observations may contribute to the development of a new therapeutic approach to the prevention of reperfusion injury. More... »

PAGES

1127-1136

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/labinvest.3780119

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/labinvest.3780119

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10908159


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