Liver X receptor α-mediated regulation of lipogenesis by core and NS5A proteins contributes to HCV-induced liver steatosis and HCV replication View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-08

AUTHORS

María Victoria García-Mediavilla, Sandra Pisonero-Vaquero, Elena Lima-Cabello, Ignacio Benedicto, Pedro Lorenzo Majano, Francisco Jorquera, Javier González-Gallego, Sonia Sánchez-Campos

ABSTRACT

Molecular mechanisms contributing to hepatitis C virus (HCV)-associated steatosis are not well established, although HCV gene expression has been shown to alter host cell cholesterol/lipid metabolism. As liver X receptors (LXRs) play a role as key modulators of metabolism signaling in the development of steatosis, we aimed to investigate in an HCV in vitro model the effect of HCV NS5A protein, core protein, and viral replication on the intracellular lipid accumulation and the LXRα-regulated expression of lipogenic genes. The effects of LXRα siRNA or agonist GW3965 treatment on lipogenesis and HCV replication capacity in our HCV replicon system were also examined. NS5A- and core-expressing cells and replicon-containing cells exhibited an increase of lipid accumulation by inducing the gene expression and the transcriptional activity of LXRα, and leading to an increased expression of its lipogenic target genes sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ, and fatty acid synthase. Transcriptional induction by NS5A protein, core protein, and viral replication occurred via LXR response element activation in the lipogenic gene promoter. No physical association between HCV proteins and LXRα was observed, whereas NS5A and core proteins indirectly upregulated LXRα through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway. Finally, it was found that LXRα knockdown or agonist-mediated LXRα induction directly regulated HCV-induced lipogenesis and HCV replication efficiency in replicon-containing cells. Combined, our data suggest that LXRα-mediated regulation of lipogenesis by core and NS5A proteins may contribute to HCV-induced liver steatosis and to the efficient replication of HCV. More... »

PAGES

1191

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/labinvest.2012.88

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/labinvest.2012.88

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038165362

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22641099


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